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標題: 套袋對荔枝果實產量及品質之影響
Effect of Bagging on the Production and Quality of Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn. ) Fruits
作者: 趙景煌
Chao, Ching-Hwang
關鍵字: litchi;荔枝;bagging;pesticide residue;套袋;農藥殘留
出版社: 園藝學系所
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為探討不同時期套袋對荔枝果實品質、產量與農藥殘留的影響,本試驗調查不同荔枝品種在一般慣行栽培(施藥防治區)、 未噴未套袋與32目網袋套袋(未施藥區),不同套袋時期為玉荷苞荔枝果實採收前50天、35天;黑葉品種65天、50天;糯米糍品種60天、45天,對荔枝細蛾之被害果率、果實品質及農藥殘留量調查。

The fruit quality and yield of litchi and pesticide residues are influenced by bagging at different growth stages. This research investigated the fruit harmful rate caused by litchi moth, fruit quality and pesticide residues on varieties. Tranditional cultivation which proceed with pesticides, the culture carries neither undoing pesticides nor bagging and 32 net-bagging without pesticide were included in this experiment. Bagging stages were divided into 50 days and 30 days before the harvest of variety ‘Yuh Her Bau; 65 days and 50 days before the harvest of variety‘Hei Yeh'; 60 days and 45 days before the harvest of variety ‘Nuoh Mii Tzy'.
It is important to prevent and alleviate oriental fruit flies and litchi moths that bagging at variable stages before litchi harvested. It is significant at average fruit sizes and fruit weight when comparing traditional cultivation with bagging. The average fruit size and fruit weight are bigger and heavier but Brix is lower when bagging. In addition, pesticide residues are decreased to quality to export to the United States and Japan. To achieve good food quality economically and to produce safe and harmless food for human health and also for environmental protection, it is emphasized on psycially biological managements to prevent and alleviate the insect and fungi diseases.
其他識別: U0005-1808201014095800
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