Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 植物生長調節劑對無子葡萄果實品質之影響
Effects of Plant Growth Regulators on Quality of Seedless Grapes
作者: 藍碧蘭
Nampila, Rumpai
關鍵字: CPPU;CPPU;GA3;Berry size;GA3;果實大小
出版社: 園藝學系所
引用: Antolín, M.C., H. Baigorri, I. De Luis, F. Aguirrezábal, L. Geny, M. Broquedis, and M. Sánchez-Díaz. 2003. ABA during reproductive development in nonirrigated grapevines (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo). Aust. J. Grape Wine Res. 9:169-176. Ban, T., M. Ishimaru, S. Kobayashi, S. Shiozaki, N. Goto-Yamamoto, and S. Horiuchi. 2003. Abscisic acid and 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid affect the expression of anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway genes in ''Kyoho'' grape berries. J. Hortic. Sci. Biotechnol. 78:586-589. Ben-Tal, Y. (1990). Effect of gibberellin treatments on ripening and berry drop from Thompson seedless grapes. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 41: 142-146. Ben-Arie R., P. Sarig, Y. Cohen-Ahdut, Y. Zutkhi, L. Sonego, T. Kapulonov, and N. Lisker. 1997. CPPU and GA3 effects on pre- and post-harvest quality of seedless and seeded grapes. Acta Hort. 463: 349-357. Bhujbal, B.G., and K.G. Chaudhari. 1973. Yield and quality of ‘Thompson Seedless' grape (Vitis vinifera L.) as influenced by girdling and gibberellins. J Mahatma Phule Agric Univ 4, 108-112. Burger, P., S.M. Jain, and P.M. Priyadarshan. 2009. Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Tropical Species. Springer Sci. Business Media, LLC. pp. 161-189. Carvajal-Millan, E., T. Carvallo, J.A. Orozco, M.A. Martinez, I. Tapia, V.M. Guerrero, A. Rascon-Chu, J. Llamas, and A.A. Gardea. 2001. Polyphenol oxidase activity, color changes, and dehydration in table grape rachis during development and storage as affected by n-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-nphenylurea. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49, 946-951. Casanova, L., R. Casanova, A. Moreat and M. Agustí. 2009. The application of gibberellic acid increases berry size of ''Emperatriz'' seedless grape. Span. J. Agric. Res. 7: 919-927. Chen, B.S. 1989. Effects of plant growth regulators on berry growth of ''Kyoho'' grapes. MS thesis. Dept. Horticulture., National Chung Hsing Univ., Taiwan. Chang, C.S. 1991. Effects of GA3 and Fulmet on inflorescence development of grapes. MS thesis. Dept. Horticulture., National Chung Hsing Univ., Taiwan. Coombe, B.G. 1960. Relationship of growth and development to changes in sugars, auxins and gibberellins in fruit of seeded and seedless varieties of Vitis vinifera. Plant Physiol. 3: 241-250. Coombe, B.G. 1976. The development of fleshy fruit. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 27: 507-528. Coombe, B.G. 1992. Research on development and ripening of the grape berry. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 43:101-110. Crane, J.C. 1969. The role of hormones in fruit set and development. HortScience. 42: 108-111. Dass H.C., and G.S. Randhawa. 1972. Effect of gibberellic acid on berry enlargement, cluster compactness and yield of ‘Pusa Seedless' grape (Vitis vinifera L.). Ind J Hort 29, 158-161. Denby, L.G. 1977. ‘Sovereign Coronation' grape. HortScience 12:512. Diaz, D.H. and L.A. Maldonodo. 1992. Forchlorfenuron effects on berry size and maturity of ''Perlette'' and ''Flame'' seedless grapes. Proc. Plant Growth Regulat. Soc. Amer., 19th Annu. Mtg. 19: 123-128. Dokoozlian, N.K., M.M. Moriyama, and N.C. Ebisuda. 1994. Forchlorfenthuron (CPPU) increases the berry size and delays the naturity of ''Thompson'' seedless table grapes. Proc. Intl. Symp. Table Grape Prod. Anaheim, Calif. P. 63-68. Dokoozlian, N., N. Ebisuda, S. Hammamoto, and A. Macias. 2000. Influence of CPPU on the growth and composition of several table grape cultivar. Res. Rpt. Calif. Table Grape Comm. vol. XXXI Summary #11. Ezzahouani, A. 2000. Effects of forchlorfenthuron (CPPU) and girding on table grape cultivars ''Perlette'' and ''Italia''. J. Intl. Sci. Vigne Vin. 34: 57-60. Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations. 2008. Economic and Social Department. The Statistical Devision. Fukunaga, S. and H. Kurooka. 1988. Studies on seedlessness of ''Kyoho'' grapes induced by gibberellin in combination with streptomycin. Bull. Univ. Osaka Pref., Ser. B. 40: 1-10. Gustafson, F.G. 1936. Inducement of fruit development by growth promoting chemicals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. 22: 628-636. Hale, C.R. and M.S. Buttrose. 1974. Effect of temperature on ontogeny of berries of Vitis vinifera L. cv. ''Cabernet Sauvignon''. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 99:390-394. Han, D.H. and C.H. Lee. 2004. The effects of GA3, CPPU and ABA applications on the quality of ''Kyoho'' (Vitis vinifera L. x V. labruscana Bailey) grapes. Acta Hort. 653: 193-197. Han, D.H., S.M. Lee, C.H. Lee, and S.B. Kim. 1996. Effects of ABA and ethephon treatments on coloration and fruit quality in Kyoho grape. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 37:416-420. Harada, H. 1980. Effect of cytocynin for the initial growth of grape vine. Abstr.Spring Meet. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 55: 132-133. Harris, J.M., P.E. Kriedemann, and J.V. Possingham. 1968. Anatomical aspects of grape berry development. Vitis 7:106-109.653: 193-197. Hedrick, U.P. 1908. The grapes of New-York. N.Y. Agr. Exp. Sta. Report, 564pp. Hyunggook, K., C. Donggeun, and K. Inkyu. 2008. Effect of growth regulator treatments on quality and growth in ''Gailiangmeru'' grape (Vitis spp.). Acta Hort. 772: 319-322. Ikakura, T., I. Kozaki and Y. Machida. 1965. Studies with gibberrellin application in relation to response of certain grape varieties. Bull. Hort. Res. Stn. A4:67-95. Ikeda, F., K. Ishikawa, S. Yazawa, and T. Baba. 2004. Induction of compact clusters with large seedless berries in the grape cultivar ''Fujiminori'' by the use of streptomycin, gibberellins, and CPPU. Acta Hort. 640: 361-368. Intrieri, C., I. Filippetti, and S. Poni. 1993. Effetti del ‘CPPU' sulla crescita delle bacche e sulla maturazione dell'uva in cultiuar da tavola apirene e con semi. Rivista di Fruitticoltura. 6: 57-62. Ishikawa, K. and T. Baba. 2009. Application timing of gibberellin with CPPU for seedless berries induced by streptomycin in ''Fujiminori'' grape. Japanese Journal of Farm Work Research. 44: 29-34. Ishikawa, K., T. Baba, H. Takahashi, H. Kato, and F. Ikeda. 2002. Effects of pruning of flower clusters and treatment of gibberelin and CPPU on enlargement of seedless berries induced by streptomycin in the grape ''Fujiminori''. J. Agri. Sci. Tokyo Univ. of Agric. 47: 20-24. Ishikawa, K., H. Takahashi, H. Kato, and F. Ikeda. 2001. Effect of streptomycin and gibberellin treatments to different lengths of bearing shoots on induction of seedless berries of tetraploid grapes. J. Agri. Sci. Tokyo Univ. of Agric. 46: 70-78. Ishikawa, K., H. Takahashi, S. Yazawa, H. Takahashi, and F. Ikeda. 2003. Effects of gibberellin and CPPU on enlargement and characteristics of seedless berries induced be streptomycin in the ''Fujiminori'' grape. Hort. Res. Japan 2:209-213. Kataoka, I., A. Sugiura, N. Utsunomiya, and T. Tomana. 1982. Effect of abscisic acid and defoliation on anthocyanin accumulation in Kyoho grapes (Vitis vinifera L. x V. labruscana Bailey). Vitis 21:325-332. Kim, M.O. and B.S. Kim. 1970. Studies on the fruitage of ''Kyoho'' grape. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 7: 11-14. Kim, Y.H. and C.C. Kim. 1976. Study on increasing berry setting of ''Kyoho'' grape (Vitis vinifera L.). J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 17: 135-142. Kim, J.G., Y. Takami, T. Mizugami, K. Beppu, T. Fukuda, and I. Kataoka. 2006. CPPU application on size and quality of hardy kiwifruit. Sci. Hort. 110:219-222. Kimura, P.H., G. Okamoto, and K. Hirano. 1996. Effect of gibberellic acid and streptomycin on pollen germination and ovule and seed development in ''Mascat Bailey A''. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 47: 152-155. Kobayashi, A. 1970. Viticulture. Yokendo, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. Korkas, E., K. Schaller, O. Löhnertz, and H. Lenz. 1999. Dynamic of ‚non-structural carbohydrates' in grapevines (Vitis vinifera L. cv. White Riesling) during two growing seasons and with special consideration of N-fertilization. Part V: Carbohydrates distribution in the vegetative organs. Vitic. Enol. Sci. 54: 121-129. Lavee, S., and G. Nir. 1986. Grape. In: Handbook of fruit set and development (Monselise S.P., ed). CRC Press,Boca Raton, Florida, USA. Pp. 167-191. Lee, K.S., J.C. Lee, Y.S. Hwang, and I.B. Hur. 1997. Effects of natural type (S)-(+)-abscisic acid on anthocyanin accumulation and maturity in ‘Kyoho' grapes. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 38:717-721. Letham, D.S. 1967. Chemistry and physiology of kinetin-like compounds. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 18: 349-364. Liu, M.J. 1994. Influence of bagging on coloration of ''Honny Red'' grape. MS thesis. Dept. Horticulture., National Chung Hsing Univ., Taiwan. Lin, R.J. 2009. Effects of plant growth regulators on fruit growth and quality of ''Kyoho'' and ''Honey Red'' grapes. MS thesis. Dept. Horticulture., National Chung Hsing Univ., Taiwan. Lu, J., O. Lamikanra, and S. Leong. 1997. Induction of seedlessness in ''Triumph'' Muscadine grape (Vitis rotundifolia Michx.) by applying gibberellic acid. Hort. Sci. 32: 89-90. Lukyanenko, A.N. 1991. Parthenocarpy in tomato. In Genetic improvement of Tomato (Kalloo, G., ed.), Monographs on Theor Appl Genet Springer-Verlag, Berlin. pp 167-178. McCarthy, M.G. 1997. The effect of transient water deficit on berry development of cv. Shiraz (Vitis vinifera L.). Australian Journal of Grape & Wine Research. 3:102-108. McCarthy, M.G. 1999. Weight loss from ripening grapevines (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Shiraz). Australian Journal of Grape & Wine Research. 5: 10-16. McCarthy, M.G. and B.G. Coombe. 1999. Is weight loss in ripening grape berries cv. Shiraz caused by impeded phloem transport? Australian Journal of Grape & Wine Research. 5: 17-21. Melillo, M. 2005. Influence of synthetic cytokinins on the growth and composition of several table grape (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars. University of California, Davis, MS Thesis. Motomura, Y. and Y. Hori. 1978. Exogenous gibberellins as responsible for the seedless berry development of grapes. Ohoku J. Agr. Res. 29(1). Mullins, M.G., A. Bouquet, and L.E. Williams. 2007. Biology of the grapevine. United States of America by Cambridge Univ. Press, New York. 239p. Nickell, L.G. 1985 New plant growth regulator increases grape size. Proc. Plant growth Regulat Soc. Amer. 12: 1-7. Nickell, L.G. 1986a. The effects of N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N1-phenylurea and the 3-chloro-benzyl ester of dicamba on the growth and sugar content of grapes. Acta Hort. 179:805-806. Nickell, L.G. 1986b. Effects of N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N1-phenylurea on grapes and other crops. Proc. Plant Growth Regulat. Soc. Amer. 13: 236-241. Nitsch, J.P. 1952. Plant hormones in the development of fruits. The Quarterly Review of Biology. 27:33-57. Nitsch, J.P., C. Pratt, C. Nitsch, and N. J. Shaulis. 1960. Natural growth substances in Concord and Concord Seedless grapes in relation to berry development. Amer. J. Bot. 47: 566-576. Osborne, D.J. and Went, F.W. 1953. Climatic factors influencing parthenocarpy and normal fruit-set in tomatoes. Botanical Gazette. 114: 313-322. Ogasawara, S. 1986. Establishment of seedless berry production technique of grapes by use of streptomycin preparation (SM), I. Induction of parthenocarpy in grape by application of SM. Bull. Fruit Tree Exp. Stat. Hiroshima Pref. No. 11: 39-49. Ogata, R., T. Saito, and K. Oshima. 1988. Effect of N-phenyl-N1-(4-pyridyl) urea (4-PU) on fruit size; apple, Japanese pear, grapevine, and kiwi-fruit. Acta Hort. 239:395-398. Ojeda, H., A. Deloire, and A. Carbonneau. 2001. Influence of water deficits on grape berry growth. Vitis. 40: 141-145. Ollat, N., P. Diakou-verdin, P.J. Carde, F. Barrieu, and P.J. Moing. 2002. Grape berry development: a review. J. Int Sci Vigne Vin. 36: 109-131. Oswald, T.L. 1994. Influence of CPPU (N-(2-chloro-4-pyri-dyi)-N''-phenylurea) on the berry size and fruit composition of several Vitis vinifera table grape cultivars. MS thesis. Dept. Plant Sci., Calif. State Univ., Fresno. Parry, J., L. Su, J. Moore, Z. Cheng, M. Luther, J.N. Rao, J. Wang, and L.L. Yu. 2006. Chemical compositions, antioxidant capacities, and antiproliferative activities of selected fruit seed flours. Agric. Food Chem. 54 (11): 3773-3778. Peppi, M.C., M.W. Fidelibus, and N. Dokoozlian. 2006. Abscisic acid application timing and concentration affect firmness, pigmentation and color of ‘Flame Seedless' grapes. HortScience 41:1440-1445. Peppi, M.C. and M.W. Fidelibus. 2008. Effects of forchlorfenuron and abscisic acid on the quality of ''Flame Seedless'' grapes. HortScience. 43: 173-176. Pommer, C.C., E.J. Pires, M.M. Terra, and I.R.S. Passor. 1996. Streptomycin induced seedlessness in the grape cultivar ''Rubi'' (Italia Red). Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 47: 340-342. Possingham, J.V. 2004. On the growing of grapevines in the tropics. Acta Hort. 662: 39-44. Qadir, A., W. Mohammad, H. Khan, and K. Mehmood. 1989. Effect of gibberellic acid on ''Flame Seedless'' table grape in Islamabad Pakistan. Sarhad J. Agric. 5: 453-456. Retamales, J., F. Bangerth, T. Cooper, and R. Caliejas. 1995. Effects of CPPU and GA3 on fruit quality of ''Sultanina'' table grape. Acta Hort. 188: 149-157. Reynolds, A.G., D.A. Wardle, C. Zurowski, and N.E. Looney. 1992. Phenylureas CPPU and thidiazuron affect yield components, fruit composition, and storage potential of four seedless grape selections. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 117: 85-89. Rombough, L. 2002. The grape grower. Chelsea Green Publishing, White River Junction, Vermont pp. 199-208. Ross, J. and D. O'Neill. 2001. New interaction between classical plant hormones. Trends Plant Sci.6:2-4. Sacher, J.A. 1973. Senescence and postharvest physiology. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 24:197-224. Sachs, R.M. and R.J. Weaver. 1968. Gibberellin and auxin induced berry enlargement in Vitis vinifera. Hort. Sci. 43:185-195. Shiba, H. 1980. Parthenocarpic fruit production of ''Kyoho'', ''Pione'' grape. Agri. Hort. 55:294-298. Stern, A.R. and M.A. Flaishman. 2003. Benzyladenine effects on fruit size, fruit thinning and return yield of ''Spadona'' and ''Coscia'' pear. Sci. Hort. 98: 499-504. Sun, H.T. and Y.S. Yang. 1997. The growth of ''Honey Red'' grape Berries. Hort. NCHU. 22 (1): 13-28. Suzuki, H. and K. Suganuma. 2002. Single GA treatment technique for seedless cv."Kyohou" grapes. Res.Bull.Aichi Agric.Res.Ctr.34: 127-132. Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger. 1991. Plant physiology. The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc., California, USA. Tal, Y.B. 1990. Effect of gibberellin treatments on ripening and berry drop from Thompson Seedless grapes. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 41: 142-146. Tanabe, H., S. Hayashi, and K. Banno. 1983. Effect of KT-30 for the promoting of berry enlargement on the house cultured ''Kyoho'' grape. Proc. Spring Meet. Japan. Soc. Hort. Sci. 56: 124-125. Thanarut, C. 2009. Studies on the mechanism of Streptomycin induced seedlessness of ''Kyoho'' grapes. Ph. D. thesis. Dept. Horticulture., National Chung Hsing Univ., Taiwan. Tseng, C.H. and Y.S. Yang. 1997. Effect of GA3 and Fulmet induction seedlessness of ''Kyoho'' grape. Hort. NCHU. 22 (1): 29-42. Weaver, R.J., 1976. Grape growing. John Wiley & Sons Inc, San Francisco, CA, USA. 384 pp. Weaver, R.J. and S.B. McCune. 1959. Responses of certain varieties of Vitis vinifera to gibberellins. Hilgardia. 28:297-350. Weiss, D. and N. Ori. 2007. Mechanism of cross talk between gibberellins and other hormones. Plant Physiol. 144:1240-1246. Williams, L.E. 1996. Grape. In:Photoassimilate distribution in plants and crops: Source-sink relationships (Zamski E., Schaffer A.A., eds). Marcel Dekker Inc, NY, USA. Pp.851-881. Wolf, E.E., J.A. Viljoen, A. Nieuwenhuys, and J.T. Loubser. 1994. The effect of forchlorfenuron on bunch quality in table grapes, p. 50-53. In: International Symposium on Table Grape Production Proceedings Anaheim. Amer. Soc. Enol. Viticult. Zabadal, T. J. and M.J. Bukovac. 2006. Effect of CPPU on fruit development of selected seedless and seeded grape cultivars. Hort. Sci. 41 (1) 154-157 Zabadal, T.J. and T.W. Dittmer. 2000. Influence of gibberellic acid sprays on berry size and shot berry on ''Vanesa'' grapevines. Acta Hort. 527: 153-157.
本研究利用鏈黴素及GA3誘導''巨峰''及''蜜紅''葡萄無子化後探討GA3及CPPU對其夏果及冬果果實品質之影響。另外亦調查GA3及CPPU對''Beauty Seedless''、''Himrod''、''Flame Seedless''及''Marroo Seedless''等無子葡萄及''巨峰''葡萄變異種果實品質之影響。
由試驗結果可知,在冬果方面,滿花後12日處理25 ppm GA3及10ppmCPPU可促使無子化''巨峰''及''蜜紅''葡萄肥大約2倍及1.7倍,其果色、可溶性固形物及滴定酸則無顯著影響。在夏果方面,花後12日處理12.5ppm GA3及10ppmCPPU可增加兩品種果粒大小約1.8倍及1.4倍,但是果色及可溶性固形物相對地較低。''蜜紅''若在花後25日再以25 ppm GA3追加處理,其果粒可由9.6g增加為15g,但是果色及可溶性固形物亦相對地較低。
在無子品種方面,滿花後12日處理50 ppm或100 ppm 之GA3,皆可促進果粒增大。若GA3添加CPPU則可有效地促進果粒增大1.2~1.7倍, ''Beauty Seedless''及''Flame Seedless''若在花後25日追加處理GA325 ppm則更為有效。至於可溶性固形物及酸度的影響,則發現其果粒大者可溶性固形物之上升及酸度之降低較遲。
''巨峰''葡萄變異種在滿花後12日單獨以GA3100 ppm或CPPU 10 ppm處理皆可明顯地促進果粒增大,雖然其可溶性固形物較無處理者低,酸度較高。

This study was conducted to investigate effects of GA3 and CPPU on berry quality of summer and winter seedlessness grapes in ''Kyoho'' and ''Honey Red''. It was also investigated the effect of same treatments in ''Beauty Seedless'', ''Himrod'', ''Flame Seedless'', ''Marroo Seedless'' and ''Kyoho'' mutant grapes.
In winter grapes, after treated with 25 ppm GA3 mixed with 10 ppm on 12 days after full bloom, it was found the berry weight increased 2 times in ''Kyoho'' and 1.7 times in ''Honey Red''. There was decrement in color and TSS but increment in acidity.
In summer grapes, after the treatment of 12.5 ppm GA3 and 10 ppm CPPU on 12 days after full bloom, the berry size increased 1.8 times in ''Kyoho'' and 1.4 times in ''Honey Red''. It was also found that berry weight became 15 g in ''Honey Red'' after the additional treatment of 25 ppm GA3 on 25 days after full bloom. Moreover, the color degree and TSS were lower and acidity was higher in bigger berry.
In seedless cultivars, both application of 50 or 100 ppm GA3 on 12 days after full bloom could be increased the berry size. After the treatment of 100 ppm GA3 mixed with 10 ppm CPPU on the same day, the berry size increased 1.2-1.7 times. In ''Beauty Seedless'' and ''Flame Seedless'', more bigger berry size was found when it treated with the additional 25 ppm GA3 on 25 days after full bloom.
In ''Kyoho'' mutant grapes, the berry size increased significantly when it treated with 100 ppm GA3 or 10 ppm CPPU alone on 12 days after full bloom.
其他識別: U0005-1808201016302900
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.