Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29179
標題: 冰醋酸處理對薑萌芽及生長之影響
Effects of Glacial Acetic Acid Treatment on the Germination and Growth in Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.)
作者: 吳寶芬
Wu, Pao-Fen
關鍵字: Glacial Acetic Acid;冰醋酸;Germination;Temperature;萌芽;廣東薑;竹薑;溫度
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 
為促進薑提早萌芽,達到提早嫩薑生產期,並提高單位面積產量,本文探討冰醋酸處理作為薑催芽劑之可行性。首先試驗冰醋酸分別以不同處理劑量、不同處理温度、不同處理數量及不同數量處理後種植對薑萌芽之影響,處理時間1天,結果顯示以0.4ml/kg濃度之冰醋酸處理,其萌芽數及大芽數高於0.8ml/kg以上之濃度冰醋酸處理;以25℃為最適萌芽温度,其萌芽數及大芽數高於其他温度處理;處理數量以20公斤之萌芽數及大芽數最多,惟不同數量之間無顯著性差異;再以處理後種植於30℃生長箱,調查幼芽出土數及計算幼芽出土所需天數,結果顯示冰醋酸處理與對照組間出土芽數無顯著差異,觀察3週內幼芽出土平均天數,冰醋酸處理與對照組間均無顯著差異。為田間栽培試驗,種薑以0.5ml冰醋酸催芽處理1天後,分別種植於温室與田間,品種為‘竹’薑與‘廣東’薑,觀察冰醋酸處理對薑發芽之影響,結果顯示,2008年11月20日(冬至前1個月)、2008年12月4日(冬至前2週)及2008年12月13日(冬至前1週) 種植於温室內廣東薑,經冰醋酸處理其萌芽數均較對照組高,總產量亦高於對照組;種植於田間部分,於2008年12月6日、2008年12月13日種植廣東薑與竹薑之萌芽數均較對照組多,採收量冰醋酸處理亦較對照組高,結果顯示冰醋酸處理對薑發芽有促進萌芽效果,有助於薑採收量之增加。另為分析薑營養成分,採收後測定薑各部位之無機元素、全可溶性糖及澱粉含量,顯示冰醋酸處理與對照組間無顯著差異。
本實驗顯示,冰醋酸處理對薑之發芽有促進作用,及具提升產量之效果,且對主要營養成分並無不良影響,可應用薑之產期調節。

Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of glacial acetic acid concentration, temperature and sample quantity on the budding of ginger. The results show that ginger treated with 0.2-0.4 ml/Kg of glacial acetic acid and optimum temperature 25℃ obtaining more budding and more number of big bud than other treated with other concentration and temperature. The quantity of 20 Kg treated each time getting more budding and more number of big bud , but not significantly different between 5 sample quantity treated.
In order to inspect the effect of glacial acetic acid on the budding and development of ginger, ‘Guang Dong' and ‘Chu' ginger were treated with 0.5 ml/ 4l glacial acetic acid for 24 hrs then cultivated in greenhouse and field. Nutrition components of different parts of ginger harvested were analyzed. Result indicates that treatments cultivated on 30days, 14 days and 7days before the “winter arriving” got more budding than other cultivation date, and all treatments perform higher yield than the untreated CK of ‘Guang Dong' ginger cultivated in greenhouse. As about the experiments proceeded in the field, ‘Guang Dong' ginger cultivated on 14 days and 7days before the “winter arriving” got more budding and higher yield, as well as in ‘Chu' ginger. The inorganic elements, total soluble sugar and starch content were not significantly different between all treatments and CK.
The results shows us that ginger treated with optimum concentration of glacial acetic acid could promote budding and increase yield without negative effect on the major nutrition components. It may apply to ginger production system in Taiwan to adjust production season .
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29179
其他識別: U0005-1808201018155600
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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