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|標題:||S-ABA 對番木瓜 (Carica papaya L.) 種子發芽
Effects of S-ABA on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Papaya (Carica papaya L.)
|關鍵字:||植物生長調節劑;Plant growth regulator;離層;解剖;Abscisic acid;Anatomy||出版社:||園藝學系所||引用:||Ackerson, R. C. 1984. Regulation of soybean embryogenesis by abscisic acid. J. Exp. Bot. 35(152): 403 – 413. Acevedo, E., T. C. Hsiao and D. W. Henderson. 1971. Immediate and subsequent growth responses of maize leaves to changes in water status. Plant Physiol. 48: 631–636. Andersen, C. P. 2003. Source–sink balance and carbon allocation below ground in plants exposed to ozone. New Phytol. 157: 213 – 228. Andreoli, C. and A. A. Khan. 1993. Improving papaya seedling emergence by matriconditioning and gibberellin treatment. HortScience. 28(7): 708 – 709. Arbona, V., M. F. Lopez-Climent, J. Mahouachi, R. M. Perez-Clemente, S. R. Abrams, A. Gomez-Cadenas. 2006. Use of persistent analogues of abscisic acid as palliatives against salt-stress induced damage in citrus plants. J. Plant Growth Regul. 25: 1–9. Attree, S. M. and L. C. Fowke. 1993. 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An improved water-use efficiency for winter wheat grown under reduced irrigation. Field Crops Research 59: 91-98.||摘要:||
本研究為探討天然型的S-abscisic acid (S-ABA)對番木瓜(Carica papaya L.)‘台農2號’種子發芽及實生苗生長之影響。
在種子發芽方面，種子浸漬於不同濃度S-ABA 24小時後置於濾紙上或播於介質發現，0.01及0.1 ppm的S-ABA會促進發芽率、發芽速率及芽體生長勢。濾紙培養及介質播種之發芽率分別為88 %及91 %，明顯較未處理S-ABA者之70及76 %為高。0.01及0.1 ppm S-ABA處理之種子亦呈現較高的發芽速率指數(GVI)及芽體生長勢指數(VI)。至於高濃度的1ppm S-ABA處理並未影響種子發芽，10 ppmS-ABA的處理不僅減低發芽，而且造成異常的發芽。
綜合以上試驗結果，可瞭解天然型的S-ABA對熱帶果樹番木瓜是屬於生長促進物質，其濃度0.1 ppm 對幼苗生長及營養蓄積具有較大的影響。葉面噴施會先促進葉的生長再間接地促進莖及根生長，而介質施用則直接促進根的生長。
Studies on effects of natural type S-ABA on seed germination and seedling growth of papaya (Carica papaya L. cv. Tainung No. 2) were evaluated for clarify function of S-ABA.
Seed germination was investigated by soaking seeds into distilled water and various concentrations of S-ABA. Percentage of seed germination in filter paper and growth medium experiments were increased by S-ABA treatments. These treatments significantly increased germination percentages (88 and 91 %, respectively) compared to control (70 and 76 %, respectively). Enhancement of germination velocity index (GVI) and seedling vigor index (VI) were obtained from treatment of S-ABA 0.01 and 0.1 ppm. While, high concentration of S-ABA (10 ppm) reduced seed germination, and resulted in abnormal germinants. However, S-ABA 1 ppm had no effect on seed germination.
Young seedling stage, seedlings were treated by 2 methods of S-ABA application, foliar spray and medium supply. Results showed that S-ABA treatments increased seedling growth, especially number of leaves and roots, and fresh weight of shoot in both two application methods. Fresh weight of roots was increased by S-ABA only in foliar spray method while medium supply of S-ABA resulted in roots were small and fine.
The investigation of anatomical characteristics in leaf, stem and root was supported this study. Number of palisade cell in leaf of treated seedlings was significantly increased compared to control ones. In addition, length of these cells in treated seedlings was increased but width of cell was reduced, led to leaves were dark green compared to untreated seedlings. S-ABA treatments could improve number of cell in stem and root and also increase vascular system in stem and root. Moreover, increasing in layer number of pith in stem was found from S-ABA treatments as well. Further, arrangement of cell in all three parts was more compact compared to untreated seedlings.
Effects of S-ABA on nutrient and total sugar content were evaluated. S-ABA could significantly improve N and K content in all parts of seedlings, P and total soluble sugar content was increased trendily in some part of seedling. For dry weight of nutrients in whole plant, S-ABA could improve N, P, K and total soluble sugar in both two treatments of foliar spray and medium supply. Further, in 6 weeks after treatment, medium supply of S-ABA became to be more positive effect than foliar spray plants.
It was found in this study that S-ABA belongs to growth promoter in tropical fruit tree, papaya. The concentration in 0.1 ppm was more effect on seedling growth and nutrient accumulation. The foliar spray of S-ABA had positive effect on leaf growth, thereafter indirectly improved stem and root growth. Moreover, the introducing of medium supply method directly enhanced root growth.
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