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標題: Life Tables and Field Population Dynamics of Forcipomyia taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), and Effect of Chlorella sp. Concentration on Its Development and Survival
作者: Liou, Siou-Lun
關鍵字: Forcipomyia taiwana;臺灣鋏蠓(Forcipomyia taiwana);female density;life table;algae concentration;族群密度;生命表;藻類濃度
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
引用: Birch, L. C. 1948. The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J. Anim. Ecol. 17: 15-26. Chen, C. S., Y. N. Lin, C. L. Chung, and H. Hung. 1979. Preliminary observations on the larval breeding sites and adult resting places of a bloodsucking midge, Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). National Chung Hsing Univ. Bull. Soc. Entomol. 14: 51-59. Chen, C. S., J. C. Lien, and S. J. Hsu. 1980. Redescription and scanning electron microscopy of a blood sucking midge, Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). National Chung Hsing Univ. Bull. Soc. Entomol. 15: 211-226. Chen, P. S. 2005. Effects of food and humidity on the development of Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). M.S. thesis, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan. Chen, Y. H., M. F. Lee, J. L. Lan, C. S. Chen, H. L. Wang, G. Y. Hwang, and C. H. Wu. 2005. Hypersensitivity to Forcipomyia taiwana (biting midge): clinical analysis and identification of major For t1, For t2 and For t3 allergens. Allergy 60:1518-1523. Chi, H. 1988. Life table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Env. Entomol. 17: 26-34. Chi, H. 2009. TWOSEX-MSChart: a computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. Chi, H., and H. Liu. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Acad. Sin., Bull. Inst. Zool. 24: 225-240. Chuang, Y. Y., C. S. Lin, C. H. Wang, and C. C. Yeh. 2000. Distribution and seasonal occurrence of Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the Nantou area in Taiwan. J. Med. Entomol. 37: 205-209 Hsieh, P. Y. 2007. Studies on the oviposition, population dynamics and the susceptibility to insect growth regulators of biting midge, Forcipomyia taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). M.S. thesis, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan. Lee, C. C. 2010. Life tables and field population density of Forcipomyia taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). M.S. thesis, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan. Leslie, P. H. 1945. On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics. Biometrika 33: 183-212. Lewis, E. G. 1942. On the generation and growth of a population. Sankhya 6: 93-96. Lien, J. C. 1989. Taxonomic and ecological studies on the biting midges of the subgenus Lasiohelea, genus Forcipomyia from Taiwan. J. Taiwan Mus. 42(1): 37-77. Lien, J. C. 1991. Seven new species and four new record of Forcipomyia subgenus Lasiohelea from Taiwan (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). J. Taiwan Mus. 44(1): 83-116. Liu, W. Y. 2010. Breeding techniques, bloodsucking habit and trap development of Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Doctoral dissertation, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan. Liu, W. Y., S. J. Lee, and W. L. Wang. 2008. Studies on breeding techniques of Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Formosan Entomol. 28(3): 183-193. Stanier, R. Y., R. Kunisawa, M. Mandel, and G. Cohen-bazire. 1971. Purification and properties of unicellular blue-green algae (Order: Chroococcales). Am. Soc. Microbiol. 35(2): 171-250. Tan, J.X., J.M. Xue and W. Ke. 1989. Observation on the blood-sucking and reproduction of Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) taiwana. Acta Entomol. Sin. 32(1): 52-57. Wu, C. N., W. C. Luo, C. F. Lin, H. M. Lee. 2008. Pathogen-vector potentials and blood-meal sources of Forcipomyia taiwana. Formosa entomol. Special Publication 11: 37-42. Yeh, C. C., and Y. Y. Chuang. 1996. Colonization and bionomics of Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the laboratory. J. Med. Entomol. 33: 445-448. Yeh, W. B., H. M. Lee, W. C. Tu, L. C. Tang, and P. Y. Lee. 2009. Molecular differentiation and diversity of Forcipomyia taiwana (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) based on the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II sequence. J. Med. Entomol. 46(2): 249-256. Young, S. F. 2007. Soil factors affecting egg laying of gravid female and the larval development of the biting midge, Forcipomyia taiwana. M.S. thesis, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan. Yu, Y. X., and Y. Y. Huang. 2006. New species and records of biting midges from Macau (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Acta Parasitol. Med. Entomol. Sinica 13: 47-50.
The density of female adults of the biting midge, Forcipomyia taiwana (Shiraki) (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) was monitored in Dakeng Scenic Area and the campus of National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. On both study sites, the density of female adults was higher during the period from March to October than that of other months. The mean fecundity of females collected from field is 42.9 eggs/female with a range from 24.0 to 64.8. The average egg hatch rate is 59.4% ranging from 46.5% to 71.5%. Based on the age-stage, two-sex life table theory, life tables of F. taiwana reared on green algae, Chlorella sp. of different concentrations were collected. When larvae were supplied with concentrated algae, the intrinsic rate of increase and mean generation time were 0.1209 d-1 and 18.3 d, respectively. Life tables collected at different algae concentrations showed that 1.5 billion cells/ml and 2.0 billion cells/ml resulted in higher intrinsic rates of increase.

本研究於台中大坑風景區與國立中興大學校園兩地進行臺灣鋏蠓(小黑蚊)之族群密度調查,結果顯示其在三月份到十月份之密度較高,其餘月份密度較低。以野外採集之雌成蟲進行每月繁殖率與卵孵化率調查,其平均繁殖率為42.9 eggs/female,最高之繁殖率為64.8、最低為24;卵孵化率範圍為46.5%至71.5%,平均值為59.4%。臺灣鋏蠓之幼蟲以小球藻為食物並以兩性生命表理論分析,研究不同幼蟲取食量對生長發育的影響。結果顯示臺灣鋏蠓之幼蟲在食物充足的條件下生長,其內在增殖率為0.1209 d-1,平均世代時間為18.3 d;而不同食物量的生命表研究結果顯示在藻類濃度為1.5 billion cells/ml與2.0 billion cells/ml時,會有較高之內在增殖率。
其他識別: U0005-0808201110500000
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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