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標題: 一氧化氮在昆蟲視覺系統之初探
Nitric oxide in the visual system of insects
作者: Hsieh, Hsiang-Wen
關鍵字: 一氧化氮合成酶光適應;
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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Garthwaite等人在1988年證實一氧化氮可當作神經訊息傳遞分子,開啟生物神經訊息傳遞的新觀點。目前已知一氧化氮牽涉到昆蟲的發育及嗅覺與視覺系統的調控,然而未有直接證據證實一氧化氮在視覺系統的生成。為探討一氧化氮在昆蟲視覺系統扮演的角色,本研究從組織學和生理學兩方面進行探討。組織學方面利用NADPH diaphorase的染色方法探討蜜蜂 (Apis mellifera L.)工蜂腦部一氧化氮合成酶的表現。結果發現視葉的lamina、medulla、chiasm與anterior optic tubercle、嗅葉、蕈狀體的α-lobe及其周圍皆具有一氧化氮合成酶,且其表現量隨日齡增加有升降的現象;其中羽化後12至18日齡的工蜂其一氧化氮合成酶在lamina的表現有明顯提升,此結果與工蜂發生出巢行為的時間相符合,推測一氧化氮可能與工蜂行為轉換有關。在生理學方面則是利用一氧化氮感測電極直接在黃斑黑蟋蟀 (Gryllus bimaculatus)的medulla、台灣大蝗 (Chondracris rosea)和蜜蜂的lamina等區域量測到由光刺激後造成的一氧化氮濃度變化。綜合上述結果推測蜜蜂工蜂腦內一氧化氮的生成與行為轉換或與視覺光適應有關。

Since nitric oxide (NO) was discovered to act as a signaling molecule in the nervous system (Garthwaite et al., 1988), NO has opened a new dimension in the signal processing of nervous system. Additionally, NO is involved in the development, olfactory system and visual system of insect. Nevertheless, there is so far no direct evidence to demonstrate the physiological function of NO in the insect visual system. In this study, the role of NO in the insect visual system was investigated in both histology and physiology. In the histology, NADPH-diaphorase was used to detect the expression of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) in the brain of honeybee (Apis mellifera L.). The existence of NOS in the lamina, medulla, chiasm, anterior optic tubercle, antennal lobe, α-lobe and α-lobe around was observed, and the expression of NOS in the brain areas was age-dependent. The expression of NOS in the lamina was significantly aroused from 12-day-old to 18-day-old bee workers. This result matches the timing of worker's leaving beehive. Therefore, it is very likely that NO participates in behavior change of bee workers. In the physiology, NO sensor was used to record the NO responses in medulla of Gryllus bimaculatus, lamina of A. mellifera and Chondracris rosea. The light-evoked NO responses in the three insect species were recorded, indicating that NO is generally involved with the light adaptation of insect vision system.
其他識別: U0005-0102200816554700
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