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標題: 聲音與肥料處理之甘藍對斜紋夜盜與紋白蝶表現的影響
Effects of sound stimulation and fertilization on the growth of cabbage and their further influence on the development and ovipositional preference of Spodptera litura and Pieris rapae
作者: Tan, Ching-Wen
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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傳統的農業耕作採取施肥的方式,以提供植物更多的養分來源,進而促進植物生長與增加產量。然而,近年來發現聲音刺激也可達到促進植物生長的效果。本研究目的為瞭解聲音與施肥同時處理,對甘藍生長表現與其化學物質含量的影響。另ㄧ方面以聲音直接與間接刺激,觀察對斜紋夜盜與紋白蝶生長表現與產卵偏好的影響。試驗中,甘藍以聲音 ( 120 Hz, 75 dB(A),2h/day )與三種不同濃度液態施肥處理。藉由測量地上部植株濕重、乾重、葉面積與葉片數,發現聲音與高施肥同時處理下,植物有最好的生長表現。聲音與施肥兩種處理皆會影響植物代謝物質含量,施肥處理增進植物含氮量,而降低了非結構性碳水化合物與花青素含量。聲音刺激並不影響非結構性碳水化合物含量,但於總處理時間的中期與中後期,對含氮量與花青素含量分別有提升與降低的作用。整體而言,昆蟲的生長表現隨著施肥濃度增加而提升,於聲音直接刺激下,斜紋夜盜與紋白蝶發育時間延長,對生長表現呈現負面影響。聲音處理後的植物並不影響產卵偏好,施肥為主要影響因素。因此若於田間同時使用聲音與施肥處理,可有效促進植物生長,減短耕種時間,並降低昆蟲生長表現。

關鍵詞: 甘藍、聲音、施肥、斜紋夜盜、紋白蝶

Modern agriculture heavily relied on application of fertilizers to promote growth and yields of crop plants. Recent studies revealed that sound stimulation could also promote plant growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate the interacting effects of both sound stimulation and fertilization on the growth and chemical changes of cabbage. Direct and indirect effects of sound on the growth performance and oviposition preference of Spodoptera litura and Pieris rapae were also evaluated using sound treated cabbage. Cabbage was treated with sound (120 Hz and 75dB(A); two hr/day) and three different concentrations of liquid fertilizers. The result indicated that cabbage grew best when treated with both sound and high concentration of fertilizer simultaneously. The plant's fresh weight, dry weight, leaf area, and leaf numbers of the above-ground plant were all higher than those of other treatments. The result also indicated that the content of plant metabolites could be affected by both sound and fertilization. Fertilization could increase and decrease plant's nitrogen and carbon-based components, respectively. Sound stimulation alone did not affect the content of non-structure carbohydrates. However, it affected the plant by increasing nitrogen and decreasing its anthocyanin contents. Insect performed better on plants treated with higher concentration of fertilizer. The developmental time of S. litura and P. rapae was extended under direct stimulation of sound. Sound-treated plants did not affect the oviposition preference of the test insects. Fertilization, however, was the major reason for the oviposition preference of the test insects. Therefore, simultaneously using sound and fertilization in the field could promote plant growth rate, reduce planting period and decrease insect growth performance.

Keywords: cabbage, sound stimulation, fertilization, Spodoptera litura, Pieris rapae
其他識別: U0005-2108200713233900
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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