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The effect of methyl jasmonic acid and fertilization on tomato's induced resistance and subsequently on the performance of tomato fruitworm (Helicoverpa armigera) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
|關鍵字:||http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-2507200719594900;茉莉酸甲酯;番茄番茄夜蛾 ( Helicoverpa armigera );多酚氧化酵素;蛋白脢抑制劑;胰蛋白脢抑制劑||出版社:||昆蟲學系所||引用:||費雯綺、王喻其編。2004。植物保護手冊。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所。258頁。 農業統計年報。2005。行政院農業委員會編印。65頁。 Ament, K., M. R. Kant, M. W. Sabelis, M. A. Haring, and R. C. Schuurink. 2004. Jasmonic acid is a key regulator of spider mite-induced volatile terpenoid and methyl salicylate emission in tomato. Plant Physiol. 135: 2025-2037. Black, C. A., R. Karban, L. D. Godfrey, J. Granett, and W. E. Chaney. 2003. Jasmonic acid: a vaccine against leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in celery. Environ. Entomol. 32: 1196-1202. Boland, W., J. Hopke, J. Donath, J. Nüske, and F. Bublitz. 1995. Jasmonic acid and coronatin induce odor production in plants. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 34: 1600-1602. Boughton, A. J., K. Hoover, and G. W. Felton. 2006. 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The mass application of synthetic pesticides can cause severe health and environmental problems. Therefore, reducing pesticide input is a very important issue nowadays. One of the solutions for reducing the use of pesticides is using some natural products, such as jasmonic acid (JA), to trigger plant's defense. When plants are wounded by insects, the endogenous JA level increases. Jasmonic acid can transmit the wounding signal and subsequently plants produce some defensive compounds, such as defense proteins, against insect herbivores. Previously researches indicated that exogenous JA on tomato plants could elevate the activities of defense-related proteins, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and proteinase inhibitor (PI). This induction response would also reduce the performance of some tomato pests. The effect of JA induction on tomato fruitworm (Helicoverpa armigera) and the effect of nutrient on this induction response are not known. The aim of this study is to know the effect of methyl jasmonic acid (MeJA) and plant's nutrient available levels on tomato's induced resistance, and subsequently on the performance of tomato fruitworm. Tomato plants were grown in different nutrient levels; then MeJA was applied. The results indicated that MeJA treatment would increase the activities of trypsin inhibitor (TI). There is no significant difference on the activity of PPO between MeJA-treated and control plants. In addition, MeJA treatment also increased the quantity of volatiles emission. Results of feeding study revealed that larvae all dead when fed on MeJA-treated leaflets. Results of the short-term feeding study also showed that relative growth rates were negative for larvae fed on MeJA-treated foliage. Adult oviposition, however, there was no difference between the treatments. Finally, we also found that fertilization did not affect the effect of MeJA induction. The induced resistance may have reached its maximum effect with minimum nutrient. In conclusion, the negative effect of MeJA induction on tomato fruitworm may due to the increased activities of trypsin inhibitor. Besides, increased volatiles emission and other unknown factors may also have effects on the reduced preference for MeJA-treated leaves.
當植物受到昆蟲傷害後植物內茉莉酸的量會上升，茉莉酸會傳遞傷害訊息，使植物產生防禦蛋白對抗昆蟲。過去尚未研究過番茄外加茉莉酸對番茄夜蛾 ( Helicoverpa armigera ) 生長的影響，以及植物營養對誘導防禦反應的效果。因此本實驗想瞭解外加茉莉酸甲酯以及配合不同程度的施肥條件對番茄之誘導防禦反應及對番茄夜蛾生長表現之影響。番茄先經高、低及無施肥三種施肥處理，接著三種施肥處理再各自分為兩大組，分別為茉莉酸甲酯處理組及控制組。實驗結果顯示，茉莉酸甲酯處理之番茄防禦蛋白胰蛋白酶抑制劑活性顯著高於控制組約3倍，多酚氧化酵素活性無顯著差異，而揮發物質的量上升。以茉莉酸甲酯處理之番茄葉片餵食四齡番茄夜蛾幼蟲，造成番茄夜蛾死亡，短期實驗發現相對生長速率為負値，但成蟲產卵偏好無顯著差異。另外，施肥處理並不影響茉莉酸甲酯誘導的效果，在無施肥處理防禦反應即達到很好的效果。茉莉酸甲酯處理番茄對番茄夜蛾生長發育有顯著的負面影響，除了可能由於葉片中 trypsin inhibitor 的量升高導致之外，揮發物質的量上升或其他尚未知的因素可能對於降低番茄夜蛾幼蟲對茉莉酸甲酯處理之葉片的偏好也有影響。
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