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標題: The spectral sensitivity variation of compound eye regions and emerged ages of honeybee
作者: 劉秉純
Liou, Bing-Chun
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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昆蟲的複眼為接受外界視覺刺激的主要器官,研究複眼如何接受外來的視覺刺激在視覺生理學上是很重要的項目。複眼中光感受器對於不同光波長的敏感程度稱為光譜感度 (spectral sensitivity)。本研究利用不同於以往會破壞昆蟲複眼的侵入方法,改以非侵入式電極測量蜜蜂工蜂複眼視網膜電位圖譜 (electroretionogram, ERG),並進一步量測工蜂羽化後不同日齡及複眼不同區域的光譜感度。結果顯示,在不同複眼區域的光譜感度中,外勤蜂複眼的腹區相較於其他區域對於紫外光及藍光波長的刺激敏感度較低;但也證實前人研究中所示,在複眼腹區中確實存在較多的綠光感受器(green-receptor)。在工蜂日齡的研究中亦發現,複眼視網膜電位圖譜及光譜感度會隨著羽化後日齡有所變動。視網膜電位圖譜的電位反應會依日齡的增加而逐漸變大,推測此與光感受器的羽化後發育有所關聯。而工蜂光譜感度則是在零日齡時變動的程度最大,並且對紫外光波長的感受度最高,之後隨著日齡增加光譜感度趨於平穩,而對紫外光波長的感受度則隨日齡降低。

Compound eye is a major organ to receive the visual stimuli from surroundings in insects. Measuring spectral sensitivity is a way to understand the visual sensation ability of compound eye. Previous behavioral studies showed that an insect compound eye can divided to several functional regions. Besides, honeybee workers live in a dark environment and do not receive light stimulus during the first 14 days after emergency. In order to know the spectral sensitivity of different eye regions and ages performed in honeybee's compound eye, the non-invasive electroretinogram (ERG) method was applied in this study. The spectral sensitivity in the ventral part of forager's compound eye was less sensitive to ultraviolet (UV) and blue light than other parts. This also confirms that a larger number of green-photoreceptor in the ventral region, according to previous in situ hybridization study. The ERG response amplitude increased gradually with grown age. At 0-day-old worker honeybee, the spectral sensitivity was different from others. Furthermore, the sensitivity to UV light was decreased with age. The detection of UV light was meaningful to honeybee's behaviors, suggesting that the changes of UV sensitivity might be resulted from some ecological reasons.
其他識別: U0005-0502201016450400
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