Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30749
標題: Behavioral Response of Aphidius gifuensis to Plant Volatiles
岐阜小繭蜂對植物揮發物之行為反應
作者: Li, Jong-Min
李鍾旻
關鍵字: 岐阜小繭蜂;http://etds.lib.nchu.edu.tw/etdservice/view_metadata?etdun=U0005-2907200915315300;桃蚜;豌豆;油菜;植物揮發物
出版社: 昆蟲學系所
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Baldwin .1997.Within-plant relationships among wounding, jasmonic acid, and nicotine: implications for defense in Nicotiana sylvestris. New Phytol. 137: 441-452 Ohta, I., and M. Ohtaishi. 2004. Fertility, longevity and intrinsic rate of increase of Aphidius gifuensis Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 39: 113-117. Pareja, M., M. C. B. Moraes, S. J. Clark, M. A. Birkett, and W. Powell. 2007. Response of the aphid parasitoid Aphidius funebris to volatiles from undamaged and aphid-infested Centaurea nigra. J. Chem. Ecol. 33: 695-710. Powell, W. 1998. Semiochemicals to increase parasitism in aphid pest control. Pestic. Sci. 54: 291-293. Roux, O., J. Van Barren, C. Gers, L. Arvanitakis, and L. Legal. 2005. Antennal structure and oviposition behavior of the Plutella xylostella specialist parasitoid: Cotesia plutellae. Microsc. Res. Tech. 68: 36-44. Steinberg, S., M. Dicke, L. E. M. 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摘要: 
Aphidius gifuensis Ashmead is a parasitoid of Myzus persicae (Sulzer), and the olfactory response of this wasp to plant volatiles was not known. In this study, Y-tube olfactometer was used to test the responses of parasitoid wasps against plant volatiles releasing from different sources. In addition, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to analyze plant volatiles. The main focus of this study was to assess the difference of plant volatiles between before and after plant damaged and their effects on A. gifuensis. In addition, the antennae structure of A. gifuensis was also identified. The results indicated that undamaged pea attracted A. gifuensis significantly, and the attraction appeared to increase after damaged by 200 aphids. The attraction of undamaged rape to A. gifuensis was insignificant; but the rape would attract more wasps when it was fed by 50 aphids for 48 hours. The change of ratio of volatiles between before and after damaged was also not significant. Finally, there were six different types of antennae sensilla indentified in the morphological observation.

岐阜小繭蜂(Aphidius gifuensis Ashmead)為桃蚜(Myzus persicae (Sulzer))之擬寄生者,過去對其嗅覺反應之了解較少。本實驗使用Y形管生物檢定裝置釋出植物揮發物測試寄生蜂對不同來源氣味之行為反應,與氣相層析質譜儀分析植物揮發性成分種類,主要探討傷害前後植物揮發物成分之差異及其對兩性岐阜小繭蜂行為反應之影響。另探討岐阜小繭蜂之形態與觸角結構。試驗結果顯示正常未受傷害之豌豆即對岐阜小繭蜂有明顯吸引效果,且吸引力在豌豆受200隻蚜蟲取食24小時後有提升之趨勢。正常未受傷害之油菜對岐阜小繭蜂無明顯吸引力,然而油菜受50隻蚜蟲取食48小時後將對兩性成蟲產生明顯吸引效果。經蚜蟲取食前後之植物揮發物組成的比例差異變化不大。形態調查上共發現六種不同類型之觸角感覺器。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/30749
其他識別: U0005-2907200915315300
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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