Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/31473
標題: 26 種非殺線蟲性農藥對植物寄生性及腐生性線蟲的影響
The Effect of 26 Non-nematicide Pesticides on Plant Parasitic and Free-living Nematodes
作者: 葉耀仁
Yeh, Yao-Jen
關鍵字: control;防治;free-living nematodes;fungicides;herbicides;insecticides;plant-parasitic nematodes;腐生性線蟲;殺菌劑;除草劑;殺蟲劑;植物寄生性線蟲
出版社: 植物病理學系所
引用: 伍、參考文獻 林新強、蔡東纂。2004。田間殺線蟲劑抗藥性及人工誘導抗性線蟲族群之研究。國立中興大學植物病理研究所第三十四屆碩士論文。54頁。 柯勇。2000。作物病害與防治。修訂版。藝軒出版社。333-334頁。 費雯綺、王喻其。2004。 植物保護手冊。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所編印。1-835頁。 黃惠茂、林奕耀、蔡東纂。1998。腎形線蟲與南方根瘤線蟲、南方根腐線蟲及香蕉黃葉病之相互關係。國立中興大學植物病理研究所第二十八屆碩士論文。75頁。 蔡東纂、陳珮臻 。 2007。 植物線蟲學。 行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局 國立中興大學植物病理系編印。86-106 及 70-72頁。 蔡東纂。 1996。 根瘤線蟲在雜草上的生態。 除草劑安全使用及草類利用管理研討會專刊:309-324。 Bird, G. W. 1981. Integrated nematode management for plant plant protection. pp. 355-375. in: B. M. Zuckman and R. A. Rohde, eds. Plant parasitic nematodes. vol. 2. New York, Academic Press. Bradley, C. A., Noel, G. R., Grau, C. R., Gaska, J. M., Kurtzweil, N. C., MacGuidwin, A. E., Wax, L. M., Hartman, G. L. and Pedersen, W. L. 2003. Impact of herbicides on Heterodera glycines susceptible and resistant soybean cultivars. Journal of Nematology 35(1): 88-97. Charlson, D. V. and Tylka, G. L. 2003. Heterodera glycines cyst components and surface disinfestants affect H. glycines hatching. Journal of Nematology 35(4): 458-464. Decker, H. 1989. Plant nematodes and their control (Phytonematology). E.J. Brill Publishing company. 474pp. Faske, T. R. and Starr, J. L. 2007. Cotton root protection from plant-parasitic nematodes by abamectin-treated seed. Journal of Nematology 39(1): 27-30. Gamborg, O. L., Miler, R. A. and Ojima, K. 1968. Nutrient requirements of suspension cultures of soybean root cells. Experimental Cell Research 50:151-158. Goodey, T. 1963. Soi1 and freshwater nematodes, 2nd ed. (rev. J. B. Goodey). London & New York, Methuen & Co. 544 p. Griffin, G. D. and Anderson, J. L. 1979. Effects of DCPA, EPTC, and chlorpropham on pathogenicity of Meloidogyne hapla to Alfalfa. Journal of Nematology 11 (1):32-36. Hartman, K. M. and Sasser, J. N. 1985. Identification of Meloidogyne species on the basis of differential host test and perineal-pattern morphology. In: K.R. Barker, C.C. Carter and Sasser, J.N. An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne, vol. II. Methodology, North Carolina State University Graphics, Raleigh, USA (1985), pp. 69–77. Hussey, R. S. and K. R. Barker 1973 A comparison of methods of collecting inocula of Meloidogyne spp., including a new technique. Plant Disease Reporter 57: 1025-1028. Jansson, R. K. and Rabatin, S. 1998. Potential of foliar, dip, and injection applications of avermectins for control of plant-parasitic nematodes. Journal of Nematology 30(1): 65-75. Klemens, E. and Gerard, W. K. 2006. Nematodes as sentinels of heavy metals and organic toxicants in the soil. Journal of Nematology 38(1): 13-19. Leistra, M. and Green, R. E. 1990. Efficary of soil-applied presticides. Page in: 401-428. Pesticides in the soil environment. H. H. Cheng, ed. Soil Science Society of American, Madison, 476pp. McSorley, R. and Waddill, V. H. 1982. Partitioning yield loss on yellow squash into nematode and insect components. Journal of Nematology 14(1): 110-118. Miller, P. M. and Stoddard, E. M. 1958. Increasing the hatching of eggs of cyst and rootknot nematodes with nabam. Science 128(3336): 1429-1430. Mohanty, K. C., Mishra, C. D. and Sahoo, N. K. 2004. Management of white tip nematode by seed treatment. Indian Journal of Nematology 34(2): 208-209. Opperman, C. H. 1992. The molecular basis of differential nematodes sensitivity to nematicides. Page in: Nematology from molecule to ecosystem. F. J. Gommers, and P. W. T. Maas eds. European Society of Nematologists, Inc. Inwergrowie, Dundee, Scotland. pp. 60-72 Qiu, J., Westerdahl, B. B., Giraud, D. and Anderson, C. A. 1993. Evaluation of hot water treatments for management of ditylenchus dipsaci and fungi in daffodil bulbs. Journal of Nematology 25(4): 686 - 694. Rodríguez-Kábana, R. and Peggy, S. King 1977. Nematicidal activity of the fungicide ethazole. Journal of Nematology 9 (3):203-206. Rodríguez-Kábana, R., Peggy, S. King and Adams, J. R. 1978. Research papers: nematicidal activity of tecnazene: A tetrachloronitrobenzene fungicide. Nematropica 8 (2):69-73. Sasser, J. N. and Freckman, D. W. 1986. A world perspective on nematology: The role of the society. Vistas on Nematology: 7-14. Schmitt, D. P. and Corbin, F. T. 1981. Interaction of fensulfothion and phorate with preemergence herbicides on soybean parasitic nematodes. Journal of Nematology 13 (1):37-40. Strandberg, M. and Scott-Fordsmand, J. J. 2002. Effects of pendimethalin at lower trophic levels—a review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 57: 190-201. Ware, G. W. 1994. Modes of action for insecticides. Page in: The pesticide book. G. W. Ware, ed. Thomson publication, California. pp. 169-182 Zimmerman, A. W. P. 1898. De nematoden der koffie-wortels. Deel. I. Meded. Lds. Pltuin. Batavia 27:1-64.
摘要: 
中文摘要
除了殺線蟲劑之外,其他常用非殺線蟲劑之農藥也曾被報導對不同生長時期之植物寄生性線蟲有多種不同程度之影響。本實驗選用南方根瘤線蟲﹙Meloidogyne incognita﹚、南方根腐線蟲﹙Pratylenchus coffeae﹚與一種腐生性線蟲Rhabditis sp.,進行非殺線蟲劑的藥劑試驗,且分別計算其直接致死率、孵化率、侵染能力、土中族群數量與根瘤指數及根腐指數,欲從試驗結果中找出具防治線蟲潛力之藥劑,及了解藥劑對線蟲影響的方式。供試藥劑選用13種殺菌劑,6種殺蟲劑和7種除草劑,其化學分類類型皆不相同。結果顯示,對供試線蟲之抑制及致死效果顯著者,殺菌劑有3種、殺蟲劑和除草劑各分別有5種。在這其中又以依得利(殺菌劑),佈飛松、阿巴汀(殺蟲劑),施得圃、丁基拉草(除草劑)抑制效果最穩定也最顯著,以上藥劑對南方根瘤線蟲與南方根腐線蟲都有62.4%~100%的直接致死能力,且皆可抑制南方根瘤線蟲卵孵化。而對供試線蟲之影響,只有某個生長時期,而非全面性的藥劑有鏈黴素,它雖不具有直接毒殺的效果,但卻可抑制南方根瘤線蟲卵孵化。2,4-D對南方根瘤線蟲二齡幼蟲有顯著的直接致死能力,對南方根腐線蟲則無,但嘉磷塞異丙銨鹽的處理結果則是相反情況,此現象說明不同的線蟲對同樣的藥劑也會有不一樣的反應。若想應用這些藥劑於防治植物線蟲病害,需要再進一步探討其施用方式與濃度,目前這些藥劑原先的推薦施用方式或施用濃度,尚未能達到良好的防治效果。

Abstract
Pesticides not including nematicides were reported to affect nematodes at different stages throughout their life cycle. Thirteen fungicides, 7 herbicides and 6 insecticides that belongs to different chemical categories were evaluated for their effects on nematodes throughout their life cycle. Two different categories of plant parasitic nematodes and a free living nematode were included in this study; pesticides effects including direct toxicity, egg hatching rate, nematode penetration ability and population were evaluated. Results showed tree fungicides, five insecticides and five herbicides had the potential to be integrated into nematode control methods. Among these agents, Etridiazole, Profenofs, Abamectin, Pendimethalin and Butachlor had the most significant and consistent effects on inhibiting the nematodes. They showed the most strong direct toxicity to Meloidogyne incognita and Pratylenchus coffeae, and could suppress the egg hatching rate of M. incognita. Some pesticides showed suppression to a specific life stage of nematode, for example, Streptomycin did not have direct toxicity to M. incognita, but could suppress the egg hatching rate. Some pesticides showed nematode-specific effects, for instance, 2,4-D had direct toxicity to M. incognita, but not to P. coffeae, and Glyphosate isopropyl amino had the opposite resuts. Although results indicating these non-nematicide pesticides had nematode controlling effects, the current recommendation concentration and application method of these pesticides were not adequate for practical usage. Further studies need to be done to integrate these pesticides into nematode disease management.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/31473
其他識別: U0005-2408201000590100
Appears in Collections:植物病理學系

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