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標題: 製備高分子/植物廢棄物顆粒混合基材薄膜於陽離子染料的吸附應用
Preparation of Polymer/Plant Waste Particles Mixed Matrix Membranes for Adsorption of Cationic Dyes
作者: 林茄豪
Lin, Chia-Hao
關鍵字: 聚醚碸;Polyethersulfone;聚對苯二甲酸乙二酯;植物廢棄物顆粒;混合基材薄膜;陽離子染料;Polyethylene terephthalate;Plant waste particle;Mixed Matrix Membrane;Cationic dyes
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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本研究使用聚醚碸(polyethersulfone, PES)與聚對苯二甲酸乙二酯(polyethylene terephthalate, PET)為基材,摻混30 wt%的植物廢棄物顆粒(茶葉渣、香蕉皮、文旦皮與茭白筍殼,顆粒大小為45-100 μm),製備成具孔洞的混合基材薄膜(Mixed Matrix Membrane, MMM),孔洞大小為0.5-3 μm,水含量約為45-55%,離子交換容量為600-620 μmol/g membrane。所製備的混合基材薄膜應用於陽離子染料(甲烯藍、甲基紫)的吸附/脫附程序:溫度為室溫,pH值為 4。實驗結果得知:批次程序中8小時可達吸附平衡,甲烯藍的飽和吸附量為300-340 mg/g membrane,甲基紫為300-370 mg/g membrane。本研究並以80 %甲醇為溶劑之1 M KSCN(v/v)為脫附液,所得染料脫附率約95%。而在流動程序中,以流量1 mL/min進行吸附、清洗、脫附之循環,測試圓片薄膜模組的效率。以5 ppm為進料濃度,放入一片薄膜(bed volume = 0.07 mL),實驗結果得知:貫穿點為5-10 mL(70-140倍bed volume),染料吸附率與脫附率均約90%,且重覆三次的效果一致。


In this study, a mixture of 30 wt% plant waste particles (e.g. tea leaves, banana peel, shaddock peel, and water bamboo husk) with polymer (e.g. polyethersulfone or polyethylene terephthalate) was blended to prepare the porous mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) for the removal of dyes from water. The plant waste particles had the diameter of 45-100 μm and zeta potential of banana peel and water bamboo husk were 1.5 and 2.5, the other particles(tea leaves and shaddock peel) were bring negative charge at any pH values. The prepared MMMs had the pore size of 0.5-3 μm, water content of 45-55%, and ion exchange capacity of 600-620 μmol/g membrane. The batch adsorption process of cationic dyes (methylene blue and methyl violet 2B) was conducted at room temperature and pH 4. The MMMs achieved an adsorption equilibrium after 8 hr, with the maximum adsorption capacities for methylene blue and methyl violet 2B at 300-340 mg/g membrane (1000-1130 mg/g particles) and 300-370 mg/g membrane (1000-1230 mg/g particles), respectively. In batch desorption, 1 N KSCN in 80% methanol was selected as the optimal desorption solution and the desorption efficiencies for MMMs were about 95%. In the flow process with 1 mL/min, the cycle of adsorption, washing, and elution was repeated to test the membrane efficiency. The loading dye concentration was 5 ppm, and one piece of MMM (bed volume of 0.07 mL) was placed in the 25 mm disc holder. The results showed that the breakthrough volumes were 5-10 mL (70-140 bed volume) and the ratios of adsorption and desorption were about 90%. The whole process could be repeated three times successfully, without any deterioration on the performance.

Keyword:Polyethersulfone、Polyethylene terephthalate、Plant waste particle、Mixed Matrix Membrane、Cationic dyes.
其他識別: U0005-3007201310554000
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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