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|標題:||Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exotoxin A-Induced Hepatotoxicity: An Animal Model in Rats||作者:||Chiu, C.C.
|關鍵字:||cytokines;hepatotoxicity;immunoregulators;Pseudomonas aeruginosa;exotoxin A;TUNEL;necrosis-factor-alpha;liver-injury;t-cells;mice;proliferation;receptor;tnf||Project:||Journal of Veterinary Medical Science||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, Volume 71, Issue 1, Page(s) 1-8.||摘要:||
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exotoxin A (PEA) has been generally used to induce liver injury in mice for experimental Study. No PFA-induced hepatotoxicity study has ever been conducted in rats, although rats are the most common rodents used in toxicologic bioassay and pharmacological evaluation. The present Study was conducted in male Wistar rats that were injected (i.v.) with PEA at doses of 0, 10. 20, 30 or 40 mu g/kg body weight,aid evaluated at 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 hr post-exposure (HPE). Rats exposed to PEA at 40 mu g/kg died before 36 HPE, and the mortality was close and time dependent. Liver injury was noted as increases in serum enzymes, along with alterations of liver histology in the 40 mu g/kg group at 12 HPE. TUNEL-positive staining indicative of hepatocyte apoptosis was observed in the 20 mu g/kg group at 12 HPE. Significant levels of DNA Fragmentation ladder were observed in file 30 mu g/kg group starting at 24 HPE. Serum levels of TNF-alpha was increased in the 30 and 40 mu g/kg groups at 48 and 24 HPE, respectively. Other cytokines, Such as IL-2, IL-6, and IL-10 were also increased at various doses and times. Furthermore, the elevated serum heaptic index levels decreased significantly by dexamethasone pretreatment. In contrast, these markers were exacerbated by co-administration of a non-toxic dose LPS. In overall evaluation, the PEA-induced liver injury can be used as a model for Study of hyperimmune-mediated hepatotoxicity.
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