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|標題:||Endogenous ephrinB2 mediates colon-urethra cross-organ sensitization via Src kinase-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B||作者:||Peng, H.Y.
|關鍵字:||pelvic pain syndrome;urethra;irritable bowel syndrome;colon;NMDA;spinal reflex potentiation;nmda receptor regulation;d-aspartate;receptor;inflammatory hyperalgesia;synaptic plasticity;neuropathic;pain;ephb receptors;subunit;rats;maintenance||Project:||American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology||期刊/報告no：:||American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology, Volume 298, Issue 1, Page(s) F109-F117.||摘要:||
Peng H, Chen G, Lai C, Tung K, Chang J, Lin T. Endogenous ephrinB2 mediates colon-urethra cross-organ sensitization via Src kinase-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of NR2B. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 298: F109-F117, 2010. First published October 28, 2009; doi:10.1152/ajprenal.00287.2009.-Recently, the role of EphB receptor (EphBR) tyrosine kinase and their ephrinB ligands in spinal pain-related neural plasticity has been identified. To test whether Src-family non-receptor tyrosine kinase-dependent glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) NR2B subunit phosphorylation underlies lumbosacral spinal EphBR activation to mediate cross-organ sensitization between the colon and the urethra, external urethra sphincter electromyogram activity evoked by pelvic nerve stimulation and protein expression in the lumbosacral (L6-S2) dorsal horn were studied before and after intracolonic mustard oil (MO) instillation. We found MO instillation produced colon-urethra reflex sensitization along with an upregulation of endogenous ephrinB2 expression as well as phosphorylation of EphB1/2, Src-family kinase, and NR2B tyrosine residues. Intrathecal immunoglobulin fusion protein of EphB1 and EphB2 as well as PP2 reversed the reflex sensitization and NR2B phosphorylation caused by MO. All these results suggest that EphBR-ephrinB interactions, which provoke Src-family kinase-dependent NMDAR NR2B phosphorylation at the lumbosacral spinal cord level, are involved in cross-organ sensitization, contributing to the development of viscero-visceral referred pain between the bowel and the urethra.
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