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標題: Susceptibility of mosquitoes in central Taiwan to natural infections of Dirofilaria immitis
作者: Lai, C.H.
Tung, K.C.
Ooi, H.K.
Wang, J.S.
關鍵字: Aedes albopictus;Culex quinquefasciatus;Dirofilaria immitis;mosquito;vector;Taiwan;pulmonary dirofilariasis
Project: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
期刊/報告no:: Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Volume 15, Issue 1, Page(s) 64-67.
From October 1997 to September 1998, 3085 Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicidae), 584 Cx. tritaeniarhynchus (Giles) (Diptera: Culicidae), 392 Cx. annulus (Theobald) (Diptera: Culicidae), 374 Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) and 102 Armigeres subalbatus (Coquillet) (Diptera: Culicidae) were collected and examined for Dirofilaria immitis (Leidy) (Spirurida: Filariidae) infection. However, only Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. albopictus were infected, with a prevalence of 4.28% and 3.74%, respectively. The intensity of D. immitis found in Ae. albopictus (3.43 larvae/mosquito) was higher than that found in Cx. quinquefasciatus (2.89 larvae/mosquito). After being fed with canine blood containing 7500 microfilariae (mf) per mt, Cx. quinquefasciatus ingested approximately two times as many mf as Ae. albopictus (mean of 31.73 in comparison to 16.47). However, almost three times as many third-stage infective larvae developed in lie, albopictus as in Cx. quinquefasciatus (mean of 3.25 as compared with 1.10), with a vector efficiency index (VEI) of 19.73 and 3.47, respectively. The results showed that Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. albopictus served as natural vectors of D, immitis in central Taiwan. Although Ae. albopictus was more efficient for heartworm transmission, Cx. quinquefasciatus may play a more prominent role on the transmission of dirofilariasis in central Taiwan.
ISSN: 0269-283X
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2915.2001.00280.x
Appears in Collections:獸醫學系所

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