Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3356
標題: 聚碳酸酯/蒙脫土奈米複合材料之製備與物性分析
Preparation and Physical Properties of Polycarbonate/Montmorillonite Nanocomposite
作者: 林耿任
Jen, Lin Ken
關鍵字: polycarbonate;Array聚碳酸酯 聚乙烯 蒙脫土 改質劑;nanocomposite;montmorillonite
出版社: 化學工程學系
摘要: 
This thesis comprises two methods to modify montmorillonite for the preparation of polycarbonate & clay nanocomposites. We first utilize epoxy and ammonia base to react, add acid to prepare cationic surfactant, and mix with montmorillonite to carry cation exchange for organic montmorillonite . Second, we employ modified polyethylene and clay to form nanocomposite. The modified polyethylene can be absorbed on clay surface, and the absorbing amount of clay gets up to 0.41 ~ 0.89 g / g-clay. By XRD analysis, we find that there is no appearance of the diffraction peak, which demonstrates good dispersing property. From FTIR, we find that absorbance will disappear in 1254 and 912 cm-1 after the epoxy and ammonium base react and turn on the ring; however, carbonyl ( 1775 cm-1 ) , the absorbing peak of carbonic acid of ester flexible show that the peak is shifted while modified polyethylene is added. It also shows the polycarbonate and modified polyethylene were bonded. From TGA data, the temperature of modified polyethylene/polycarbonate drop to 104 0C with 5 wt % lost; modified polyethylene / polycarbonate nanocomposite loss temperature drop 72 0C on 5 wt %. WAXD study also reveals that the clay gallery is greater than 4.4 nm for modified polyethylene/ polycarbonate nanocomposite. Form DSC analysis, adding polycarbonate on montmorillonite makes the temperature of Tg drop of 16 0C. Scanning electron microscope are used to observe the fracture surface of blends at low temperatures. It is found that the surface of intrinsic brittleness transform the intrinsic toughness. Dynamic mechanical data shows the addition of 5wt% silica enhance the storage modulus ( E' ) of nanocomposite with an increase of 10.2 ~ 39 % at 30 0C;For loss modulus ( E'' ) at Tg, the peak temperature will be shifted when the addition modified polyethylene.

本研究使用兩種方法改質蒙脫土製備聚碳酸酯與黏土之奈米高分子複材,第一種是利用環氧基與胺基反應並經酸化後製備成陽離子型界面活性劑,再與蒙脫土進行離子交換形成有機化蒙脫土;第二種則是由改質聚乙烯與黏土混煉而形成奈米複合材料,發現此改質聚乙烯改質劑可吸附於黏土表面,黏土吸附量可達0.41 ~ 0.89 g / g-clay,由XRD分析可發現無繞射峰出現,顯示具有良好分散性。由FTIR分析鑑定,在1254及912 cm-1發現環氧基與胺基反應開環後吸收峰會消失;而在聚碳酸酯之羰基 ( 1775 cm-1 ) 伸縮吸收峰可發現隨著改質聚乙烯添加後吸收峰會往下移動,顯示聚碳酸酯與改質聚乙烯有鍵結的產生。由TGA結果發現添加改質蒙脫土於聚碳酸酯中,在5 wt % 損失溫度下降104 0C;而改質聚乙烯 / 聚碳酸酯複材於5 wt % 損失溫度下降72 0C。在XRD分析上可發現其層間距大於4.4 nm。DSC研究發現,添加改質無機物於聚碳酸酯中其Tg會下降16 0C。由SEM之低溫斷裂面形態分析發現聚碳酸酯在添加改質聚乙烯後其斷裂面會由脆性的本質轉變為較韌性的結構。動態機械性質分析 ( DMA ),添加5 wt % 改質無機物後其30 0C下儲存模數 ( E’ ) 最大分別提升10.2 ~ 39 %;而30 0C下損失模數 ( E’’ ) 時會隨著無機物含量增加而增加,α鬆弛強度會隨著改質聚乙烯添加量增加而往右偏移,顯示改質聚乙烯與聚碳酸酯彼此間互相有反應的發生。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3356
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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