Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33646
標題: 煤礦捨石場應用植生方法之調查研究--以苗栗添益礦場為例
Surveying Study of Applying Revegetation Methods to Recover in Wasted Coal Maine Field-- Tian-Yi Coal Mine Field in Miaoli as an Example
作者: 黃松光
Wong, Hugh
關鍵字: Abandoned coal refuse bank;煤礦捨石場;Acidic coal soils;Revegetation Methods;酸性煤渣;植生工法
出版社: 水土保持學系
摘要: 
In the initial period of Taiwan's restoration, the coal was an important energy resource in Taiwan. There were many abandoned collieries in all parts of Taiwan. Majority of abandoned coal refuse banks had not been restored with proper treatment exploitation.
The mining sites belong to acid sulfate soils zone. It is difficult to carry out revegetation. Only M.floridulus could be invade and grow at these sites. The erosion of the bared grounds was sources of all sorts of problems for landscape, environmental, ecological, soil and water conservation.
This paper is to investigate the problems of soil and water conservation for the abandoned coal refuses bank at coal mine in Miaoli County. We have studied on the application of the revegetation methods to restoration in acidic coal soils.

台灣光復之初,煤產為台灣重要能源,各地多有煤礦之開採,惟很多煤礦場於結束開採後,廢棄礦場與煤礦捨石場並未進行礦場整復工作。
由於煤礦捨石場或頁岩層中常因含硫量高,植生入侵不易,土壤裸露,多數僅五節芒才能入侵生長,裸露期間不僅有礙觀瞻,嚴重影響周遭環境之植物生態,由於坡面缺少植生覆蓋,所造成之水土流失,可能於對其下游將造成各種水土保持及環境生態之問題。
本研究以苗栗縣公館鄉南河村之添益煤礦為試驗地,探討廢棄煤礦場之捨石場堆積邊坡實施植生綠化工程之成效,其經驗可做為後續維護並提供未來類似工程於治理時參考對策。
本試驗區之面積約2.5公頃,其土壤之pH值介於4.5~5.0間,為酸性土壤,於2003年12月施行植生復育,採用榕樹打樁編柵及厚層噴植,結果以厚層噴植草本植栽復育效果良好,榕樹植生樁均未萌芽生長,應係厚層噴植土下之土壤仍極酸性所致,若土壤未改善酸鹼值使之適合植物生長環境,不建議導入木本植物。
本研究所採用之草本植栽大致獲得與前人研究相同結果,即高狐草、類地毯等耐酸植物可作為煤礦捨石場復育材料。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33646
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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