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A Qualitative Study on the Trust Structure of the Organic Agriculture in Taiwan
|作者:||詹益婷||關鍵字:||organic agriculture;有機農業;interpersonal trust;institutional trust;trust structure;grounded theory;人際信任;制度信任;信任結構;紮根理論||出版社:||農業推廣教育研究所||摘要:||
Based on analyses of observations on the developmental status quos of organic agriculture in Taiwan, trust is concluded as a crucial factor critically influencing interactions among key actors in the field, including organic farmers, consumers, and intermediators. Establishing a trust relationship, thus, is recognized as the one and only fundamental solution to all problems encountered in organic agriculture. However, no research effort so far has been made to explore such a phenomenon significantly related to the development of organic agriculture. For this reason, the main purposes of this study aim to obtain a comprehensive understanding and build a framework of the trust structure suitable for organic agriculture in Taiwan upon the theoretical viewpoints in combination with trust issues in all aspects. In addition, one of the intentions of this study is further to recommend specific suggestions beneficial to the development of organic agriculture in the future.
The research design adopted in this qualitative study is grounded theory. For ensuring the data density, an in-depth interview is used to collect data by examining thirteen organic farmers, consumers, and intermediators in northern Taiwan. The main research findings include
(1)The constructed framework of trust structure for organic agriculture consists of five stages: the trust cognition, trust affection, trust behavior, trust diffusion, and trust feedback.
(2)Impacts estimated and contributing to the trust cognition of actors exercising trust contain the individual and environmental risks, consideration of livelihood, crisis awareness, environmental transfers, and actors' characteristics.
(3)The trust affection is correlated with actors' experiential schemes and individual attitudes toward insistence.
(4)The trust diffusion primarily involves messages transmission, participation for certain purposes, behavioral assimilation, and other behavioral situations.
(5)In organic agriculture, the interpersonal trust has significant impacts on the institutional trust.
(6)Last but not the least, those intermediators in organic agriculture always play a key role affecting the trust balances between organic farmers and consumers.
According to above research outcomes, two suggestions have been further proposed in terms of organic agriculture and actors engaging in organic agriculture. First, there is in need of more research conducted to modify the framework of trust structure constructed in the study and thoroughly investigate each concept illustrated in five stages. Finally, all actors in organic agriculture should become clearly aware of the own responsibilities and missions in order to help carry out the future extension plan for development of organic agriculture.
|Appears in Collections:||生物產業管理學系|
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