Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33718
標題: 影響基層農會推廣人員專業承諾之研究
Factors that Influence the Professional Commitment of Local Agricultural Extension Agents
作者: 郭真足
Kuo, Chen-Tsu
關鍵字: Extension Agents;推廣人員;Professional Commitment;Job Satisfaction;專業承諾;工作滿意
出版社: 農業推廣教育研究所
摘要: 
基層農業推廣人員在台灣農業發展過程中扮演了相當重要的角色,若他
們具有高度的專業承諾,則能全心投入農業推廣工作,繼續提昇農業的發
展。為了解他們的專業承諾及影響專業承諾的相關因素﹐本研究著眼於探
討基層農會推廣人員的專業承諾﹑工作特性﹑昇遷﹑工作經驗、人際關係
、薪資、壓力﹑工作滿意等情況,以及其間的關係。
本研究以1505位基層農會推廣人員為母體,利用叢集比例隨機抽樣選
取400人為樣本,經郵寄問卷後獲得有效樣本數309份。以次數分配、百分
比、標準差、平均數、Pearson積差相關﹑路徑及多元迴歸方法進行分析

分析結果顯示,推廣人員對其推廣工作特性最表認同,專業承諾、工作滿
意、人際關係及薪
資皆高於中間值,呈近於滿意的趨勢,在昇遷方面,則呈現低於中間值趨
於不同意的態度,對推廣工作所感受到的壓力則介於還好至些微的壓力之
間,平均的工作經驗為11.5年。經由多元迴歸分析結果顯示,工作滿意、
工作特性與工作經驗對推廣人員的專業承諾有顯著的直接影響力﹔工作特
性、昇遷與壓力透過工作滿意對專業承諾有間接的影響;工作滿意則又受
到工作特性、昇遷的正向影響以及壓力的負向影響。因此欲提高推廣人員
的專業承諾,宜提昇他們的工作滿意﹐此則需自訂定明確 推廣工作職掌
,健全農會昇遷制度,以及減輕推廣人員的工作壓力著手。

It is true that local agricultural extension agents play
important role in the agricultural development in
Taiwan. They would dedicate themselves to agricultural
extension work and promote agricultural development if they have
strong professional commitment. In order to understand their
professional commitment and the factors that influence
their professional commitment, this research focuses on
exploring the situation of professional commitment, job
characteristics, promotion, work experience, personal
relationship, salary, pressure and job satisfaction of local
agricultural extension agents and also the relationship among
those factors. The population of this study is
1,505 local agriculture extension agents. Using cluster
proportion and randomly sampling to obtain 400 as a sample, then
accept 309 valid sample after the questionnaire
mailing. Using frequency distribution, percentage,
standard deviation, mean, Pearson''s correlation test, path
analysis and multiple regression analysis to analyze
the data. The results indicate that local agricultural
extension agents are very identified with job characteristics.
The mean scores in professional commitment, job satisfaction,
personal relationship and salary are higher than the middle
level, but the promotion score is lower than the middle
level, so that they are not satisfied with the promotion. The
pressure score is between little and ordinal. The average
of their work experience is 11.5 years. After using
multiple regression analysis the results indicate that both job
satisfaction and work experience have significant influence on
the professional commitment of agricultural extension
agents, In the mean while job satisfaction is
positively influenced by job characteristics and promotion,
negatively influenced by pressure.
Therefore, if we want to enhance the professional commitment of
agricultural extension agents, we should improve their
job satisfaction. Through identifying conclude specific
mission of extension work, establish the promotion system and
reducing the work pressure of agricultural extension agents.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33718
Appears in Collections:生物產業管理學系

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