Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33787
標題: 基層農會推廣人員專業能力之需求評估
Need Assessment of the Professional Competence of Local Agricultural Extension Agents
作者: 鄭素芬
Chung, Su-Fen
關鍵字: Professional Competence;專業能力;Needs Assessment;Concept Mapping;Local Agricultural Extension Agents;需求評估;概念圖示;基層農會推廣人員
出版社: 農業推廣教育研究所
摘要: 
農業推廣工作在臺灣農業和鄉村社會的發展過程中?扮演了極
為重要的角色。農業推廣工作的主要推動者為農業推廣人員,鑑於推廣工
作涉及的領域非常廣泛,因此農業推廣人員必須擁有充份紮實的知識能力
,才能有效執行農業推廣工作。但是目前農會推廣人力素質仍普遍以高農
、專科學歷為主,其執行推廣工作時恐有能力不足之處。因此本研究的目
的在於探討基層農會推廣人員的專業能力需求。本研究以概念圖示的需求
評估方法,探討基層農會推廣人員的專業能力需求情況。對於專業能力需
求項目的產生利用問卷調查及腦力激盪二種方式,在農事推廣員部份,獲
得了 52 項需求敘述,家政推廣員則獲得 58 個需求項目四健推廣員部份
則有46 個需求項目,上述資料經過十位參與者的歸類與排序,分析後在
農事、家政及四健方面各產生8、8、9個專業能力需求群集。對於農事推
廣員而言其最需求的專業能力為溝通協調與領導、人際知覺,其次為計畫
擬定與規劃、銷售輔導,再其次為組織規劃、文書處理,需求最低的則為
作物栽培管理與農產品處理等相關的專業能力。 在家政推廣員方面,以
溝通協調與領導、推廣哲理、組織規劃等相關 專業能力需求最強,其次
為計畫擬定與規劃、自我發展與家人關係、家庭生活管理等 相關的專
業能力,需求程度最低的則為家庭環境與經濟管理與文書處理等相關的專
業能力。四健推廣員方面,以溝通協調與領導的專業能力需求程度最高,
其次是管理能力、 計劃擬定與規劃等相關的專業能力,再其次為活動
辦理、青少年輔導、評估、組織規劃 等相關的專業能力,需求程度
最低的則為青創貸款輔導及文書處理等相關的專業能力。根據本研究之發
現,建議日後新進推廣人員的任用標準以及對現任推廣人員在職訓練課程
規劃之方向,以使基層推廣人員擁有足夠的專業能力,以扮演臺灣農業發
展的任務工作。

Agricultural extension has an important role in the
development of agriculture and rural society in Taiwan. It is
the mission of agricultural extension agents to take the
responsibility of agricultural extension work. In order to
execute agricultural extension work successfully the local
agricultural extension agents must keep enoughprofessional
competency. But almost all local agricultural extensionagents
graduated from senior vocational high school or college. It
seemsthat their professional competency needed to be improved.
That was thereason why causing the motivation to explore the
needs assessment of professional competency of local
agricultural extension agents. Using concept
mapping process, by means of questionnaire surveyand
brainstorming, the research generated 52 needs statements for
farmextension agents, 58 needs statements for home economic
extension agents,in the meanwhile, there are 46 needss
statements generated for 4-H extension agents. After the sorting
and rating procedure of the participants,it generated both 8
clusters for the needs statements of farm extension agents and
the needs statements of home economic extension agents, therewas
9 clusters for the needs statements of 4-H extension agents.
The results indicate that the statements included in the
communication-coordination, leadership cluster and interpersonal
consciousness cluster equally to be the most important
competency of farmextension agents, secondaryis the competency
related to the program planning cluster and sale
counselingcluster, thirdly is the competency included in the
planning of organizations cluster, processing documentscluster.
Comparatively, the competency related tothe crops culture and
management cluster and treatment of farm products cluster show
the least important. For the home economic agents, the most
importantclusters named communication-coordination, leadership
cluster, extension philosophy cluster and planning of
organizations cluster, secondly are the the program planning
cluster, self-development and family relationship cluster and
family management cluster. The competency related to the family
environment, economic management cluster and the processing of
document cluster equally to be the least important. For the 4-H
extension agents the competency of communication-coordination,
leadership cluster shows the most important, while the least
important competency is the competency included young farmers
loan counseling cluster and the processing of document cluster.
Therefore, this study suggests that the recruitment of the local
extension agents should strongly recommend the persons wiht the
most importantcompetency. In the meantime, if there are the in
service training programs withthe needed competency offered for
the local agents,then wer can guarantee the local extension
agents can acquire the needed competency to be a qualified
agent.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/33787
Appears in Collections:生物產業管理學系

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