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標題: Pu-erh Tea Attenuates Hyperlipogenesis and Induces Hepatoma Cells Growth Arrest through Activating AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) in Human HepG2 Cells
作者: Way, T.D.
Lin, H.Y.
Kuo, D.H.
Tsai, S.J.
Shieh, J.C.
Wu, J.C.
Lee, M.R.
Lin, J.K.
關鍵字: Pu-erh tea;AMPK;FASN;ACC;hyperlipidemia;fatty-acid synthase;green tea;oxidative damage;cancer;rats;polyphenols;extracts;pathway;enzymes;oolong
Project: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Volume 57, Issue 12, Page(s) 5257-5264.
In the present study, we successively extracted the pu-erh raw tea with methanol (PR-1), chloroform (PR-2), ethyl acetate (PR-3), n-butanol (PR-4), and water (PR-5). Among these extracts, PR-3 extract contained ingredients with the most effective hypolipidemic potential and was further purified by column chromatography. Moreover, chronic administration of PR-3 provoked a significant reduction in levels of serum triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in rats. Our study demonstrated that fraction 5 from the PR-3 extract (PR-3-5s) showed a hypolipidemic effect in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. PR-3-5s decreased the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN) and inhibited the activity of acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) by stimulating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) through the LKB1 pathway. Moreover, PR-3-5s blocked the progression of the cell cycle at the G1 phase by inducing p53 expression and in turn upregulating p21 expression.
ISSN: 0021-8561
DOI: 10.1021/jf900730e
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