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|標題:||Site specificity of alpha-H abstraction reaction among secondary structure motif - An ab initio study||作者:||Lu, H.F.
|關鍵字:||alpha-H abstraction;structure effect;ab initio study;quantum-mechanical approach;amino-acid-residues;bond-dissociation;energies;hydroxyl radical reaction;alzheimers-disease;oxidative;stress;protein oxidation;lipid-peroxidation;c-h;methionine oxidation||Project:||Journal of Computational Chemistry||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Computational Chemistry, Volume 28, Issue 4, Page(s) 783-794.||摘要:||
The initial step of protein oxidation is studied through a-H abstraction by an OH radical with various secondary structure motifs of proteins. It is found that there exist preferential alpha-Hs in this kind of abstractions. The typical abstraction mechanism involves three steps: forming a pre-reactive complex before abstraction, the abstraction reaction, and the H2O detachment from a post-reactive complex to form the product, C-alpha-center radical. Using the stability of the pre-reactive complex and the reaction barrier, we provide some explanation for this site preference. The feasibility of a-H abstraction by OH radical depends not only on the types of secondary structure, but also on the reaction condition, such as in aqueous or in gas phase. Moreover, the reactivity of the abstraction also depends on the location of alpha-H in the secondary structure motifs. The preferential a-Hs to be abstracted in beta-sheet are those immediate to the amide or carbonyl group, and without involving hydrogen bonding, whereas in reverse turns, the preferential a-Hs are near the C-terminal of type I and near the N-tenninal of type II. In general, the alpha-Hs in a-helix are more difficult to be abstracted than those in beta-sheet and polypeptide in linear form. It is consistent with the trend of their bond dissociation energies. Our theoretical rate constant of N-acetyldiglycin-methylamide (Ac(Gly)(2)NHCH3) in aqueous solution (6.75 x 10(8) M-1 s(-1)) is close to the experimental observation of N-acetyldiglycinamide (Ac(Gly)(2)NH2) (8.6 x 10(8) M-1 s(-)1). (C) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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