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|標題:||A Study on Characteristics of Interface Transition Zone of Rubberized Concretes
|關鍵字:||Rubberized concrete;橡膠混凝土;film flow;disjoining pressure;膜流;離分壓||出版社:||水土保持學系所||引用:||一、中文部份 1. 余志鵬、段錦浩，2003，土石流巨石撞擊攔砂結構之力學行為；理論與分析方法，中華水土保持學報，第34卷第1期，P.55~66。 2. 吳志信，1997，廢輪胎再生處理技術簡介，環境工程，第八卷第二期。 3. 李克聰、陳昱豪，2002，廢輪胎橡膠材料應用於道路交通安全設施之評估分析，九十一年道路交通安全與執法研討會，pp.185-197。 4. 林政璋，2000，廢輪胎橡膠瀝青之性質研究，中華大學碩士論文。 5. 柯國軍、郭長青、胡紹全、陳振富、石建軍、孫德綸、陳俊傑，2004，混凝土阻尼比研究，建築材料學報，第7卷，第1期，pp.35-40。 6. 段錦浩、林明威、黃立勳，2004，廢輪胎材料對土石流撞擊力消能之研究，中華水土保持學報，第35卷第2期， pp.151-163。 7. 陳振富、柯國軍、胡紹全、石建軍、郭長青、陳俊傑、孫德綸，2004，橡膠混凝土小變形阻尼研究，噪聲與振動控制，24卷3期，pp.32-34。 8. 黃立勳，2003，「懸臂式梳子壩力學與緩衝之研究」，國立中興大學水土保持研究所碩士論文。 9. 黃兆龍，1997，混凝土性質與行為，詹氏書局。 10. 黃朝琴，2002，廢橡膠固化應用於混凝土材料，國立中正大學化工研究所碩士論文。 11. 劉正川、陳永祥、劉玉雯，1999，構造物加設緩衝材料之衝擊試驗研究，第二屆土石流研討會論文集，pp.291-298。 12. 蔡英明，1999，屑化橡膠混凝土配比及工程性質之研究，朝陽科技大學碩士論文。 二、英文部份 1. Afridi, M. U. K., Y. Ohama, M. Zafar. Iqbal, K. Demura, (1995), Water Retention and Adhesion of Powdered and Aqueous Polymer-Modified Mortars, Cement and Concrete Composites Vol: 17, Issue: 2, pp. 113-118. 2. 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The use of granular rubber as an aggregate or additive to concrete has been studied for a long time. Previous research results showed the aggregating rubber could increase concrete's flexibility, elasticity, and capacity to absorb energy. It is suggested that the rubberized concrete can be used, for example, in highway constructions as a shock absorber, or in sound barrier as sound absorber, or in building as earthquake shock-wave absorber, or in impact prevention structure such as Jersey barriers. It is believed that such concrete can also be used in the soil and water conservation construction materials.
For resource reutilization, scrap-tire has long been used together with concrete after proper chemical mixing procedures to form rubberizd concrete for various applications with promising results. However, addition of rubber particles leads to degradation of physical properties of the concrete, particularly, the compressive strength. The experiments conducted for this study was to help to understand and to solve this problem. The results of experiments discovered that the loss in compressive strength is due to local imperfection in hydration of cement, induced by addition of heterogeneous rubber particles. Microscopic studies showed that the rubber particles disturbed the water transfer to create channels, which are prone to cracking and lead to loss in the compressive strength. However no cracking was found along the surfaces of the rubber particles, indicating that the bonding strength between rubber particles and cement phases is not the critical factor in determining the compressive strength. A theoretical model was proposed to describe the water transfer in the specimens; This model is useful in understanding the mechanisms of decrease in compressive strength due to addition of rubber particles and the improvement in compressive strength through modification of particle surfaces. To improve the compressive strength, the Hamaker constant must be maximized. The Hamaker constant for water film on rubber particle surfaces is smaller than that on the hydrated cement particles; therefore the water transfer rate is lower in the presence of rubber particles. Thus, one of the approaches to improve the compressive strength of concrete is to increase the Hamaker constant of the system.
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