Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34483
標題: Study on the Variation of Vegetation and Soil Conservation Function at Min-Hu Reservoir Riparian Zone
水庫濱水帶植生結構變化與土壤保育功能之研究
作者: Peng, Hsin-Yen
彭心燕
關鍵字: balance of vegetative succession;植生演替平衡;width of reservoir protective strip;soil erosion;水庫保護帶寬度;土壤流失量
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 
水庫保護帶寬度之研究,可由法令層面、功能層面及管理層面探討。本研究以植生演替平衡與環境間之關聯做為評估依據,利用水庫保護帶之環境梯度和植生變化,分析不同植生群落對土壤沖蝕量和環境變化的影響,以瞭解水庫濱水帶自然演替與人為管理兩者所造成植生群落結構之差異,並提出水庫保護帶劃設建議。
本研究於南投縣水里鄉與魚池鄉交界之明湖水庫選定三個調查林區(天然林區、人工林區及道路干擾林區)進行植生與環境調查,分別收集各調查區土壤沖蝕量,分析植生結構差異及植生演替與離水距離之相互關係,並將18項環境因子納入做相關性分析。
植生結構特性以重要值連續體、種歧異度指數、喬木徑級結構以及植物生活型與離水距離變化四種做為分析項目。綜合評估水庫保護帶寬度,天然林區與人工林區需30-50m,而道路干擾林區則需放寬至60m可達植生演替平衡。植生群落與環境特性之相關性顯示,隨離水距離增加,蔭性樹種分佈隨之增多。估算不同植生結構與土壤沖蝕之關聯,以現地採集土壤沖蝕量與估算之降雨沖蝕因子、土壤沖蝕性指數以及複合坡形公式代入通用土壤流失公式(Universal Soil Loss Equation, USLE)推求作物管理因子(C)值,估算結果3個調查林區作物管理因子並無顯著差異。

The research on the width of reservoir protective strip can be discussed from legal, functional and managing aspects. The major aim of the paper is to provide some suggestions about how to zone the reservoir protective strip according to the research result. Taking the association between the balance of vegetative succession and environment as the basis of evaluation, the research analyzes the influences of different vegetation groups on the amount of soil erosion and the environmental change by monitoring the environmental gradient and the vegetative change in the reservoir protective strip. It shows that natural succession and artificial management result in different structures of vegetation groups.
In the research, three forestry areas (natural forestry area, artificial forestry area and road-disturbing forestry area) in Min-hu Reservoir, which is located on the border of Shuei-li shiang and Yu-chi shiang in Nan-tou County, are selected as the investigation regions. According to the different amounts of soil erosion in the three regions, the research carries out the analyses of the vegetation structural differences and the association between vegetative succession and the distance from waters. Otherwise, eighteen environmental factors are also included in the correlation analysis.
The structural features of vegetation can be determined according to four analysis items—vegetation continuums, species diversity indexes, structures of diameter classes and the correlation between the vegetation life style and the distance from waters. After evaluating the width of reservoir protective strip, the result shows that the width of natural forestry area and artificial forestry area should be 30-50m, but the width of road-disturbing forestry area should be extended to 60m for achieving the balance of vegetative succession. Besides, the correlation between vegetation groups and environment shows that the distribution of tolerant trees grows with the increasing of the distance from waters. Otherwise, the research also estimates the correlation between the vegetation structure and soil erosion. It puts the amounts of soil erosion collected in the fields, the estimated rainfall erosion factors, the soil erosion index and the formula of multiple slope shape into USLE to acquire the crop benefits index (the value of C). The estimation shows that there is no obvious difference in the crop benefits indexes of the three investigation regions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34483
其他識別: U0005-0108200714023800
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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