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標題: Development of an enzymeless/mediatorless glucose sensor using ruthenium oxide-Prussian blue combinative analogue
作者: Kumar, A.S.
Chen, P.Y.
Chien, S.H.
Zen, J.M.
關鍵字: glucose;Prussian blue;ruthenium oxide;screen-printed electrode;glassy-carbon electrode;chemically-modified electrode;chromate;conversion coatings;amperometric detection;electrocatalytic oxidation;electrochemical-behavior;film electrodes;alkaline media;n-nitrosamines;biosensor
Project: Electroanalysis
期刊/報告no:: Electroanalysis, Volume 17, Issue 3, Page(s) 210-222.
Presented in this work is the first step towards an enzymeless/mediatorless glucose sensor. We first observed remarkable electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose using combinative ruthenium oxide (RuOx)-Prussian blue (PB) analogues (designated as mvRuOx-RuCN, mv: mixed valent) at ca. 1.1 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) in acidic media (pH 2 Na2SO4/ H2SO4). Individual RuOx and PB analogs failed to give any such catalytic response. A high ruthenium oxidation state (i.e., oxy/hydroxy-Ru-vii, Edegrees approximate to 1.4 V vs. RHE), normally occurring in strong alkaline conditions at RuOx-based electrodes, was electrogenerated and stabilized (without any conventional disproportionation reaction) in the mvRuOx-RuCN matrix for glucose catalysis. Detail X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies can fully support the observation. The catalyst was chemically modified onto a disposable screen-printed carbon electrode and employed for the amperometric detection of glucose via flow injection analysis (FIA). This system has a linear detection range of 0.3 - 20 mM with a detection limit and sensitivity of 40 muM (S/N = 3) and 6.2 muA/(mM cm(2)), respectively, for glucose. Further steps towards the elimination of interference and the extendibility to neutral pHs were addressed.
ISSN: 1040-0397
DOI: 10.1002/elan.200403086
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