Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34819
標題: 泥岩地區資源規劃與保育工法之研究
A Study on Resources Management and Conservation Measures in Mudstone Areas
作者: 林鑑澄
Lin, Jiann-Cherng
關鍵字: 泥岩環境保育;mudstone environmental conservation;泥岩保育工法;景觀資源開發;彈性規劃;mudstone conservation measures;landscape resource development;flexible Planning
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 
In Taiwan, mudstone areas has stretched wildly around 2000 square kilometer, in which, the mostly wild spray area, with more than 1000 square kilometer, is in southern-west part of Taiwan. Due to severe effects of physico-chemical and climate characteristic, mudstone areas present unique features not only in natural landforms but also in artificial landscapes.
The dilemma between environment protection and resource development is always struggle to the planners. The interrelationship between land use, landscape resource development and profit allotment has make mudstone area development as an interdisciplinary and multidimensional planning.
An ecological planning concept of autonomy defense was developed in this study, which Advocate that the utilization of environmental resources is a continuous modulate and compromise processes. The environment itself and the developer are both possess tolerant to external pressures, and respectively leading to a correspondent reaction to defense against. In mudstone environmental planning, flexible planning is used to reflect the ides of autonomy defense.
Flexible planning introducing environmental self-cure ability and develop cost as autonomy determination criteria for natural environment and the developer respectively to form a operation mechanism of autonomy defense, and using limited acceptable change, advocacy planning and development permission as operating tools to transform developer's profit into public welfare via the will of public and professional judgments, thus to confirm the legitimating of strategic decisions. .
While in mudstone environmental resource planning aspect, the study addressed a dynamic planning process which integrated concepts of plan unit development, transfer of development rights, floating zoning and public property ownership to deal with changes in environment / needs, and social equity issues. Further, the ideas of growth management, performance standard control, gross control quotas, and public property police power were used to establish a sustainable environmental management system.
The study also address an operation mechanism and land exchange, price examination system to deal with the issues of administrative jurisdiction expansion, land integration and industry transformation.
On utilization of mudstone landscape resource side, the concepts of four scenic beauty analysis sects , recreation opportunity spectrum, the Maslow Need-hierarchy theory, and space consciousness, which contribute differentiate of scenic value, sequence of environment and recreation, hierarchical mental needs, spatial cognition and behavior management ideals respectively, were link up as a framework which possess hierarchical and vertical corresponding relationships to analyze mudstone landscape values.
On selection of mudstone landscape resource side, visual sensibility class(VSC)which developed by forest service by B.C. Canada, was introduced for suitability analysis, yet the original multifarious factors were substituted by indicators of uniqueness and attractive level, and omit visual sensitivity unit(VSU)and visual absorption capability(VAC)procedures thus to enhance usability in practical operation. While on landscape resource selection side, combine SBE model and concept of Delphi, the selection mode was changed from score to sequence.
On mudstone conservation method application side, the conventional methods are commented individually, and compose environmental similarity analysis, fuzzy treatment on previous research results, and suitability analysis of similar methods as suitability analysis of mudstone conservation methods. In addition, to link up design check list with prototype of mudstone conservation methods to establish framework for amendment and innovation of conventional methods.

台灣地區泥岩面積約二千餘平方公里,其中以西南地區之一千餘平方公里規模最廣,由於泥岩土壤之物化特性及氣候特徵,不僅使泥岩地區在自然地理上呈現特殊的地形地貌特徵,在土地利用與人文發展上亦顯示出獨特的產業結構與聚落型態。
泥岩地區的環境保育問題與土地利用與景觀資源開發、利益共享等問題,呈現相互依存關係;為涉及多面向思考的綜合規劃。
本研究提出「自主防禦」的生態規劃概念,主張對環境資源的取供,為一連串彼此調適的過程,雙方面對外部壓力均具有一定的寬容度,並分別以不同程度的防禦機制回應,在泥岩環境規劃中採取彈性規劃方法以反映此一概念。
彈性規劃方法以「環境自癒能力」與「開發成本」作為自然環境及資源開發者的自主判定基準,形成自主防禦的運作機制,並採取「可接受改變限度」、「辯護式規劃制度」及開發審議制度作為彈性規劃的操作工具,以訴諸公意與專家判斷方式,將規劃者個人價值轉化或調整為公共利益,及專家群體的專業認知,協助確立規劃決策的正當性。在泥岩環境資源規劃方法上,針對土地利用型態,整合計畫單元整體開發、發展權移轉、浮動分區、公物家主權等概念,提出能適應泥岩地區未來發展變化及實現社會公平的動態規劃方法,以及針對泥岩環境永續經營,整合成長管理、績效管制、總量管制、公物警察權等概念的環境經理方法。
對於彈性規劃賴以運作的行政裁量權的擴張,以及適應泥岩地區環境變遷、土地整併與產業轉型等問題的土地交換及鑑價制度,提出執行機制。
在泥岩景觀資源利用方面,結合景觀美質分析四學派對景觀價值的判別特性,遊憩機會序列的環境與遊憩活動的序列概念、馬斯洛的需求層次理論與管理架構,及空間意識概念在空間認知與行為管理上的關連性,建立具有垂直對應關係,顯示連續階層性的泥岩景觀資源分析與管理的基本架構,據以分析泥岩景觀具層次性的景觀價值,並作為泥岩景觀資源開發的運用素材。
在泥岩景觀資源運用技術操作方面,以加拿大卑詩省林業廳之視覺敏感度分級為基礎,進行泥岩地區之適用性分析,以獨特性及顯著程度取代繁雜的評估因子,將視覺敏感單元及視覺吸收能力評估程序取消,修正為適用於泥岩地區的景觀資源分析方法,簡化操作程序並修正較為模糊的指標,以提高實務操作的可用性。在景觀資源的擷取技術上,以SBE模式為基礎,結合德爾菲法在群體討論中調整並獲得共識的概念,修正為以排序而非評分的評估模式。
在泥岩環境保育工法的選擇與改良方面,先對常用泥岩保育工法進行個別評述,以環境相似性分析、前人研究成果之模糊化、類似工法之適宜性評估、不同工法的適宜性評估等模糊方法,組成泥岩保育工法的適用性分析;建立泥岩保育工法原型,結合泥岩保育工法的設計檢核表,作為工法修正與創新的基礎架構,透過工法問題檢點及工法修補構想、具體對策等程序,形成泥岩保育工法調整與擴充模式。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34819
其他識別: U0005-2108200914501300
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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