Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34828
標題: 坡地保育植物決策支援系統應用模式之研究
Study on Decision Support System for Slopeland Conservation Plants Selection
作者: 簡伃貞
Chien, Yu-Chen
關鍵字: Slopeland conservation;坡地保育;plant species;Decision Support System (DSS);Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM);Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP);植物種類;模糊德爾菲(FDM)方法;模糊層級分析法(FAHP);決策支援系統(DSS)
出版社: 水土保持學系所
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摘要: 
山坡地約占台灣土地總面積的74%,因天然災害頻繁與人為過度開發的情況下,對環境造成了破壞與干擾。因此,坡地水土保持為台灣三十餘年來重要的環境保育工作,以改善人類居住的環境品質與生物棲地環境之理論與實務為主要執行方針。
植物在生物棲地的營造、提供食物來源及能量循環等重要的生態平衡中扮演不可或缺的角色;另一方面,環境破壞與干擾所需的重建或復育工程,亦須仰賴植物發揮其生態及保育的功能。因此,「植生工程」已成為各種環境治理工程中不可或缺的項目。
植生工程施作完成後之治理成效,主要取決於植物材料選擇,其對於整體環境適應性的優劣程度。面對植生工程日益重要,植生材料資訊漸趨多元及需求日增的狀況,本研究透過植物種類的文獻彙整及目前應用現況的調查與分析,將坡地保育植物種類的應用分成一般植生工程適用植物(舖植用草皮、農地覆蓋植物、造林樹種及植生應用種子植物四個類型)及特殊地適用植生(海岸、泥岩、崩塌地及礦區植物四個類型)兩類,針對植物種類應用之決策因子加以整理,並建立了345種坡地保育適用植物種類的名錄與常用特性檢索。
研究中,進一步應用模糊德爾菲(FDM)方法進行第一階段植物種類決策因子的選定,藉由專家問卷所得之數據確定「植物特性(包含生長速率、需水量及日照需求)、「立地條件(包含基地高程、抗風力、土壤質地及土壤酸鹼性)」及「植生功能(包含水土保持、景觀及生態上之功能)」為主要影響決策之因子。第二階段,透過模糊層級分析法(FAHP)求得上述各因子的權重。最後,利用決策支援系統(DSS),針對坡地保育植物之種類及特性建立資料庫,並依據因子的權重建立植物篩選的模式及順序,協助專業人士進行植生規劃及設計時選種之參考,並提供相關工程及設計人員快速且便捷之植物種類篩選及檢索系統。

Mountain slopelands occupy 74% of Taiwan''s natural terrain, including regions classified as seacoast, mudstone, landslide and mining areas. However, frequent natural disasters from seasonal weather and overt artificial development have caused considerable damage to these landscapes, warranting ecological intervention. Soil and water conservation have therefore played an important role in environmental protection for the past 30 years.
The purpose of slopeland conservation is not only to improve the quality of the human living environment, but also to consider the theories and practices that promote ecological habitats. Plantlife is one of the most basic producers and important components in ecosystems, providing variable habitats and creating a rich food source. A mature plant community provides energy flow and delivers all the essential organisms within its ecosystem. Consequently, the results of re-construction projects prompted by environmental damage or ecological intervention rely heavily on the ecological effects of plants. It is imperative that vegetation management accommodates both short-term needs and long-term perspectives.
Aside from vegetation management, the success or failure of re-construction largely depends on the degree to which the plantlife can adjust to its new environment. Due to the growing importance of vegetation management and increasing need for diverse plant market information, this study was classifed into two categories: vegetation method applications (turf grass, cover plants for agricultural land, afforestation species, and seeds used for vegetation engineering) and critical area applications (coastal, mudstone, landslide, and mining areas). Furthermore, this study has generated a name list of 415 plants according to their suitability for environmental conservation, and an index of their characteristics. This information was attained by integrating literature review of plants with current practical investigation and analysis, while focusing on the decision factor analysis.
This study applied the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) in its first stage in order to determine the 347 plant species that were selected. The results of this questionnaire verified the impact of the following factors: plant characteristics (including growth rate, water requirement, and sunshine needs), site condition (including site engineering, wind resistance, soil texture, and soil salinity), and plant function (including the function on water and soil conservation and the function on landscape and ecosystem). In its second stage, the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) was employed to assess the significance of the aforementioned factors. Finally, Decision Support System (DSS) was used to develop a database of the main categories and characteristics of slopeland conservation, based on the weight of criteria factors, and the mode and order to which plant selections are constructed. Above all, this study has provided scholars, engineers and designers with a practical and necessary plantlife index.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/34828
其他識別: U0005-2201201011531400
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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