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|標題:||Reflection-absorption infrared sensing device for detection of semivolatile aromatic compounds in soils||作者:||Yang, J.
|關鍵字:||FT-IR;aromatic compounds;soil sample;reflection-absorption;solid-phase microextraction;ir chemical sensor;supercritical-fluid;extraction;evanescent-wave spectroscopy;aqueous-solutions;chlorinated;hydrocarbons;quantitative-analysis;gas-chromatography;water;chlorobenzenes||Project:||International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry||期刊/報告no：:||International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Volume 84, Issue 14-15, Page(s) 1045-1058.||摘要:||
In this article, a new IR-sensing device is described for the examination of chlorinated aromatic compounds in soils. To prepare this sensing device, a 20-mL glass vial was modified for use in the analysis of soil samples by conventional Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. In this sampling device, an aluminium plate coated with a hydrophobic film was placed on top of the cap of the sample vial to absorb the analytes that evaporated from the soil matrix. After this absorption process was complete, the cap was placed in an FT-IR spectrometer, and the absorbed analytes were detected in the reflection-absorption (RA) mode. To accelerate the rate of evaporation of the analytes, the soil samples were heated to various temperatures. Meanwhile, other factors, such as the moisture content, sampling time, thickness of the hydrophobic film, and the volatilities and concentrations of the analytes, were also examined to optimize the analytical conditions. The results indicated that the time required to reach equilibrium conditions was short, and evaporation/absorption could be achieved within 10min. With a water content of 10% (v/w) or less, the intensities of the analytical signals were increased greatly when compared with those of dry samples; when the water content was above 10% (v/w), these intensities decreased, partially as a result of the heating efficiency. After examining the compounds that had different vapour pressures, the analytical results indicated that this method was applicable to the examination of compounds that had vapour pressures below 1.0 Torr. Using the optimal conditions determined in this study, the detection limits for semivolatile aromatic compounds were lower than 100 ng/g, and the regression coefficients of the standard curves for compounds that had a vapour pressure lower than 1.0 Torr were larger than 0.99 in the concentration range of 1 - 100 mug/g.
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