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標題: A Preliminary Study of Soil and Water Conservation View With Organic Farm
作者: 林進財
Lin, Chin-Tsai
關鍵字: 有機農業;Organic Agriculture;水土保持;國土保育;農藝方法;生態工程;永續工程;Water and Soil Conservation;Homeland Conservation;Agronomic Technique;Ecological Engineering;Sustainable Engineering
出版社: 水土保持學系所
引用: 一、中文部分 1. 台灣省水土保持局與中華水土保持學會(1992)水土保持手冊—農地篇。行政院行政院農業委員會 2. 阮春發,1995年6月,〈永續性農業的思想及其經濟層面之研究-以台灣為例〉,台大農經所學位論文,p165-169。 3. 姜萬勤、張新華、舒仲英編著,陳鴻輝校訂2001年。臺北:文京圖書。 4. 陳榮五 白桂芳 蔡宜蜂,2009,有機農業產業發展研討會專輯:台中改良場特刊96號 5. Alanna Morre(2001/2004)《揭開石器時代的農耕奧妙》(曾紫玉、陳瀅譯)。臺北:琉璃光。 6. 董時叡,2002,「從全球觀點探討台灣有機農業之發展」,中華農學會報,3卷,4期,頁311-324。 7. 謝佳慧,2001,「台灣的有機農業」,雜糧與畜產,頁2-9。 二、英文部分 8. Knorr, Dietrich, and Tom R. Watkins ,1984. Alternation in Food Production. New York :Van Nostrand Reinhold. 9. Schnitzer, M. 1991. Soil organic matter-the next 78 years. Soil Science151:41-58. 10. Steveson, F.J. 1982. Humus Chemistry. Joho Wiley & Sons, Somersel,NJ.P.17. 三、網路部分 11. 有機農業全球資訊網 ,Last visited at 2010/1/27 12. 行政院行政院農業委員會台中區農業改良場 ,Last visited at 2010/1/27 13. 農資中心出版品瀏覽 ,Last visited at 2010/1/27 14. 行政院行政院農業委員會 ,Last visited at 2010/1/27 15. 中華永續農業協會 ,Last visited at 2010/1/27

After nearly half decade of practicing the traditional cultivation methods, the soil of Taiwan farmland has become highly acidic in nature. As a result, the number of beneficial microorganisms has rapidly decreased, which in turn caused the serious ecological imbalance. Moreover, an excessive amount of pesticide residue has contributed to the increasing number of cancer-related illness. Thus, the concept of organic farming or “pesticide-free farming” has been valued by the consumers. Asking for the pesticide-free food has also become the essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Another way to increase the yield of the agricultural products is to expand the cultivated land. As a result, the farmland has extended into previous forested areas, and more and more forests have become farmland. Unfortunately, the over- cultivated and neglect of the proper soil and water conservation gradually exhaust and erode Taiwan beautiful terrain. Furthermore, inappropriate high-mountain agriculture development has posed a strong threat to the homeland security and many recurrent major nature disasters caused by overuse of available land and insufficient land conservation. All of above palpable consequences have called upon an action of the national land restoration.
Such historical background of land utilization further reveals the importance of soil and water conservation. Unfortunately, the traditional soil and water conservation tillage systems by the farming practitioners from the early days may not be enough to meet the current double needs of “food safety” and “homeland conservation.” The traditional soil and water conservation program focuses on the prevention of soil erosion. The main techniques are to control and limit the terrain change and to increase the soil surface cover. However, such techniques do not specify how to work in tandem with the organic farming and don't mention whether to alter the agronomic techniques could benefit the ecological or environmental restoration, either. Thus, a new farming approach not only needs to sustain the amount of soil and water, but also aims to further improve the quality of soil and water. The ultimate goal is to restore the ecology of all and yield the safe crop products. Based on the analyses of the present study, the primary aim is to plot a new agronomic method that not only is able to meet the needs of soil and water conservation, but also enables the recovery of environmental ecology as well as the production of healthy crops.
其他識別: U0005-2708201015063700
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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