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標題: Synthesis and characterization of porphyrin sensitizers with various electron-donating substituents for highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells
作者: Hsieh, C.P.
Lu, H.P.
Chiu, C.L.
Lee, C.W.
Chuang, S.H.
Mai, C.L.
Yen, W.N.
Hsu, S.J.
Diau, E.W.G.
Yeh, C.Y.
關鍵字: nanocrystalline tio2 films;conjugated organic-dyes;energy conversion;efficiency;open-circuit voltage;photovoltaic properties;molecular;photovoltaics;adsorbing groups;charge-transfer;coumarin dye;light
Project: Journal of Materials Chemistry
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 6, Page(s) 1127-1134.
A series of porphyrin dyes with an electron-donating group (EDG) attached at a meso-position (YD1-YD8) have been designed and synthesized for use as sensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The nature of the EDG exerts a significant influence on the spectral, electrochemical and photovoltaic properties of these sensitizers. Absorption spectra of porphyrins having an amino group show broadened Soret band and red-shifted Q bands with respect to those of reference porphyrin YD0. This phenomenon is more pronounced for porphyrins YD7 and YD8 that have a pi-conjugated triphenylamine at the meso-position opposite the anchoring group. Upon introduction of an EDG at the meso-position, the potential for the first oxidation alters significantly to the negative whereas that for the first reduction changes inappreciably, indicating a decreased HOMO-LUMO gap. Results of density-functional theory (DFT) calculations support the spectroelectrochemical data for a delocalization of charge between the porphyrin ring and the amino group in the first oxidative state of diarylamino-substituted porphyrins YD1-YD4, which exhibit superior photovoltaic performance among all porphyrins under investigation. With long-chain alkyl groups on the diarylamino substituent, YD2 shows the best cell performance with J(SC) = 13.4 mA cm(-2), V(OC) = 0.71 V, and FF = 0.69, giving an overall efficiency 6.6% of power conversion under simulated one-sun AM1.5 illumination.
ISSN: 0959-9428
DOI: 10.1039/b919645e
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