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標題: Non-toxic phototriggered gene transfection by PAMAM-porphyrin conjugates
作者: Shieh, M.J.
Peng, C.L.
Lou, P.J.
Chiu, C.H.
Tsai, T.Y.
Hsu, C.Y.
Yeh, C.Y.
Lai, P.S.
關鍵字: polyamidoamine dendrimer;photochemical internalization;cytotoxicity;transfection;photochemical internalization;polyamidoamine dendrimers;drug-delivery;photodynamic therapy;cancer-therapy;dna complexes;cells;vectors;photosensitizer;disruption
Project: Journal of Controlled Release
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 129, Issue 3, Page(s) 200-206.
Development of controllable and non-toxic gene transfection systems is a core issue in gene therapy. Photochemical internalization, an innovative strategy in cytosolic release, provides us with an opportunity to develop a light-inducible gene delivery system. In this study, a novel photochemical internalization (PCI)-mediated gene delivery system was synthesized by surface modification of polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers via 5,10,15-tri(4-acetamidophenyl)-20-mono(4-carboxyl-phenyl)porphyrin (TAMCPP) conjugated to the generation 4 PAMAM dendrimer (G4). This water-soluble PAMAM-TAMCPP conjugate was characterized for cell viability, phototoxicity, DNA complexation, and in vitro transfection activity. The results show that TAMCPP conjugation did not increase the cytotoxicity of the PAMAM dendrimer below 20 mu M, but significantly induced cell death after suitable irradiation. Under almost non-toxic G4-TAMCPP-mediated PO treatment, the expression of green fluorescent protein determined by flow cytometry could be markedly enhanced in HeLa cells. Therefore, the G4-TAMCPP conjugate had an inducible and effective gene transfection activity, and showed considerable potential as a bimodal biomaterial for PCI-mediated gene therapy. Crown Copyright (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0168-3659
DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2008.03.024
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