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標題: Monitoring of PAHs in air by collection on XAD-2 adsorbent then microwave-assisted thermal desorption coupled with headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection
作者: Wei, M.C.
Chang, W.T.
Jen, J.F.
關鍵字: PAHs;microwave-assisted desorption;headspace SPME;polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons;electron-capture detection;coke-oven;workers;water samples;liquid-chromatography;organic-compounds;soil;samples;extraction;chlorophenols;urine
Project: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
期刊/報告no:: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Volume 387, Issue 3, Page(s) 999-1005.
Microwave-assisted thermal desorption (MAD) coupled to headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) has been studied for in-situ, one-step, sample preparation for PAHs collected on XAD-2 adsorbent, before gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. The PAHs on XAD-2 were desorbed into the extraction solution, evaporated into the headspace by use of microwave irradiation, and absorbed directly on a solid-phase microextraction fiber in the headspace. After desorption from the SPME fiber in the hot GC injection port, PAHs were analyzed by GC-MS. Conditions affecting extraction efficiency, for example extraction solution, addition of salt, stirring speed, SPME fiber coating, sampling temperature, microwave power and irradiation time, and desorption conditions were investigated. Experimental results indicated that extraction of 275 mg XAD-2, containing 10-200 ng PAHs, with 10-mL ethylene glycol-1 mol L-1 NaCl solution, 7:3, by irradiation with 120 W for 40 min (the same as the extraction time), and collection with a PDMS-DVB fiber at 35 degrees C, resulted in the best extraction efficiency. Recovery was more than 80% and RSD was less than 14%. Optimum desorption was achieved by heating at 290 degrees C for 5 min. Detection limits varied from 0.02 to 1.0 ng for different PAHs. A real sample was obtained by using XAD-2 to collect smoke from indoor burning of joss sticks. The amounts of PAHs measured varied from 0.795 to 2.53 ng. The method is a simple and rapid procedure for determination of PAHs on XAD-2 absorbent, and is free from toxic organic solvents.
ISSN: 1618-2642
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-006-0962-8
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