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標題: 操控高片徑比之奈米矽片以排列出蓮花效應表面
Manipulating the Self-Assembly of Lotus Effect by High-Aspect-Ratio Silicate Platelets
作者: 蔣明立
Chiang, Ming-Li
關鍵字: silicate platelets;超疏水;superhydrophobic;smectite clay;self-assembly;Lotus effect;黏土;自行排列;蓮花效應
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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Part A: Exfoliating Smectite Montmorillonite into Random Silicate Platelets
A one-step process for exfoliating the layered aluminosilicate is established by using a polyamine exfoliating agent, which was developed earlier in our research group. The prepared polyamine allows the intercalation of the silicates at 18 Å and 50 Å d spacing, as well as the exfoliation of clay, depending on the multiplicity of HCl salt formed in the polyamines. Random silicate platelets in the water phase can then be obtained by a developed extraction process. After a repetitive toluene extraction, the random silicate platelets in water phase had over 95 wt.-% purity and contamination of organics in less than 5 wt.-%.
Part B: Manipulating the Assemblages by High-Aspect-Ratio Random Silicate Platelets and Fatty Amine Salts to Form a Lotus Effect Surface
Superhydrophobic surface, exhibiting a high water-droplet contact angle of 157o and a rough surface by SEM, has been generated from a self-assembly of high-aspect-ratio silicate platelets associated with detergent-ranged alkyl amine salts. Anionic silicate platelets in an averaged dimension of 80 x 80 x 1 nm3 enable to self-align into a rough plateau surface. The alkyl amine salts tethered to the hard platelet surface provide a flexible hydrophobic surface exhibiting the Lotus effect.
其他識別: U0005-0506200614503900
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