Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35568
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor吳鴻文zh_TW
dc.contributorHung-Wen Wuen_US
dc.contributor張家豪zh_TW
dc.contributorChia-Hao Changen_US
dc.contributor.advisor鄭經偉zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorChing-Wei Chengen_US
dc.contributor.author盧欣妤zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLu, Hsin-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2010zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:52:28Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:52:28Z-
dc.identifierU0005-0608200911355900zh_TW
dc.identifier.citation1. 郭輝明(2000)。國小學童書包背重率與背法之調查研究。和春學報,7,268-275。 2. 吳子宏、李勝雄(1998)。國小學童姿勢健康的殺手—脊椎側彎。研習資訊,15 (5),25-34。 3. 黃詩帆(2006)。國小學童不同背重率行走之生物力學探討。碩士論文。國立臺北教育大學體育學系研究所,臺北市。 4. 紀偉民(2007)。不對稱步態之生物力學效應研究。博士論文。國立中興大學生物產業機電工程學系,台中市。 5. 許自宏(2007)。臀中肌無力症之生物力學效應模擬與分析。碩士論文。國立中興大學生物產業機電工程學系,台中市。 6. 宋宏偉(2003)。國小學童不同背重率之步態分析。碩士論文。國立屏東教育大學,屏東縣。 7. 陳佑(2007)。背重步行對學童身體姿勢的影響。碩士論文。國立臺中教育大學體育學系研究所,臺中市。 8. 林啟禎(1999)。何謂步態分析。上網日期2008年10月4日,取自http://140.116.60.95/~mark/index.htm 9. 教育部(2008)。教育界最新消息 : 書包減重 國中小將設置物櫃。上網日期2009年3月10日,取自專業文教網http://www.proedu.net.tw/modules/news/index.php?storytopic=0&start=90 10. 義肢輔具中心(2006)。什麼是脊椎側彎 What’s Scoliosis。上網日期2008年10月10號,取自http://www.pro-med.com.tw/product/ 11. Andriacchi TP, Galante JO. “Influence of Knee Replacement Design on Walking and Stair Climbing.” Journal of Joint and Bone Surgery. Vol. 64-A, pp 1328, 1982. 12. Frigo C, Carabola R, Dalla Mura M, Negrini M. "The upper body segmental movements during walking by young females." Clinical biomechanics, vol. 18, pp. 419-425, 2003. 13. Grimmer K, Gill T, and Williams M. “High School Students and Backpacks: A Cross Sectional Study.” Center for Physiotherapy Research, University of South Australia, 1999. 14. Grimmer K, Williams M. “Gender-age environmental associates of low back pain.” Applied Ergonomics, 31, 343-60, 2000. 15. Hong Y, Brueggemann GP. “Changes of gait pattern in 10 year old children carrying increasing loads on a treadmill.” Gait and Posture, 11, 254-59, 2000. 16. Hong Y, Li JX. “Movement kinematics of treadmill waling under load carriage in 6-year-old children – A preliminary report.” 19th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, San Francisco, CA, June 20-26, 2001. 17. Hong Y, Brueggemann GP. “Changes in gait patterns in 10-year-old boys with increasing loads when walking on a treadmill.” Gait & Posture. 11(3), 254-259, 2002. 18. Hong Y, Lau TC, Li JX. “Effects of Loads and Carrying Methods of School Bags on Movement Kinematics of Children during Stair Walking.” Research in Sports Medicine. 11:33-49, 2003. 19. Hong Y, Li JX. “Influence of load and carrying methods on gait phase and ground reactions in children’s stair walking.” Gait and Posture. 22:63-68, 2004. 20. Li JX, Hong Y, Robinson PD. “The effect of load carriage on movement kinematics and respiratory parameters in children during walking.” European Journalof of Applied Physiology. 90, 35-43, 2003. 21. Li JX, Hong Y. “Age difference in trunk kinematics during walking with different backpack weights in 6- to 12-year-old children.” Research in sports medicine. 12, 135-142, 2004. 22. Mark Charrette DC “Walking and Spinal Health” Dynamic Chiropractic. Vol. 22, Issue 16, 2004. 23. Murry MP, Drought AB, Kory RC. “Walking patterns of normal men.” J Bone Joint Surg., 46-A:335-359, 1964. 24. Pascoe DD, Pascoe DE, Wang YT, Shim D. “Influence of carrying book bags on gait cycle and posture of youths.” Ergonomics, 40, 631-41, 1997. 25. Perry J. “Gait Analysis: Normal and Pathological Function.” Thorofare NJ: Slack, 1992. 26. Stanford CP, Francis P, and Chambers H. “Changes in Upper Body and Arm Kinematics While Carrying Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Backpack Loads.” Proceeding of 20th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, 2002. 27. Winter DA. “The biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Gait.” Waterloo, Canada: University of Waterloo Press, 1987. 28. Legg S., Cruz C. “Influence of backpack straps on pulmonary function.” Retrieved March, 18, 2007, Cyberg, Web site: http://cyberg.wits.ac.za/cyberg/sessiondocs/physical/child/child4/child4.pdf ezh_TW
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/35568-
dc.description.abstractThe necessary of school life in Taiwan junior and senior high school is the bag with one stripe. The stripe bag would lead to increase the trunk inclination and load bearing on shoulder, it would probability cause spine deformity and scoliosis. We considered 11 age 20~23 years normal subjects (all males) and one 21 years old patient, they carried stripe bag on the right shoulder with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% body weight to simulate the trunk movements. There were 23 markers on trunk and 8 markers on lower extremity during the gait experiment. We used Euler angle and angles defined by Frigo et al. (2003) to analyze the changes of angles of each segment on the sagittal, frontal and horizontal plane, and to find the tendency of the trunk movements during gait and the effect of the stripe bag. The experiment results showed shoulder, pelvis and especially thoracic spine movements were limited by carrying stripe bag on the right shoulder, and the range of motion of trunk was increased for balance during gait. It also caused increase of trunk forward lean and trunk left inclination, and higher the right shoulder and lower the right side pelvis. And the conclusions of this study was that the weight of stripe bag should be lower than 5% body weight, and overload with stripe bag would cause spinal deformity, the humpback and thoracic scoliosis.en_US
dc.description.abstract單背帶的側背書包已是國內國高中生每日上下課的必備物品。研究指出,與未背負重物及以雙肩後背背包相較,單肩側背重物將造成身體側偏傾斜的增加,提高肩膀的負載承受量,亦可能造成脊椎病變與脊椎側彎(Scoliosis)。 本研究以11位20~23歲的正常男性青年及1位21歲的特殊病例為本實驗的受試者,模擬單肩側背背包的軀幹運動,受試者以右肩側背身體重量之0%、5%、10%、15%的單背帶背包,共31顆反光球標記(軀幹23顆,下肢8顆)以進行步態實驗,利用尤拉角(Euler angle)與Frigo定義的角度來推導計算軀幹各肢段在三個人體解剖平面上的角度變化情形,觀察步態週期中軀幹的運動趨勢以及單肩側背背包影響人體軀幹運動的模式。 研究結果顯示,右肩側背重物限制肩與骨盆尤其是胸椎的運動,使軀幹須以更大的活動度來增加步態的平衡,並造成軀幹的前傾增加、冠狀面的軀幹左傾,與右肩位置上升,右側骨盆下降。最後,本研究所得之重要結論為側背背包之重量應低於身體重量之5%為佳,若長期側背重物將造成「駝背」與「胸椎」脊椎側彎的脊椎病變。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents謝誌..........................................I 中文摘要.....................................II 英文摘要.....................................Ш 圖目錄......................................VII 表目錄.......................................IX 壹 前言.......................................1 1.1 研究背景..................................1 1.2 研究目的..................................2 貳 文獻探討...................................3 2.1脊椎.......................................3 2.1.1 脊椎之解剖學構造......................3 2.1.2 脊椎之力學特性與功能..................5 2.1.3 脊椎側彎..............................6 2.2步態分析...................................8 2.2.1 步態的週期性..........................8 2.3 文獻回顧.................................10 參 理論分析..................................13 3.1人體動作生物力學-運動學...................13 3.1.1尤拉角................................14 3.1.2 Frigo角..............................17 3.2 座標系定義...............................19 3.2.1 骨盆座標系...........................19 3.2.2 頸椎座標系...........................21 3.2.3 胸椎座標系...........................22 3.2.4 腰椎座標系...........................22 3.2.5 手臂座標系 ...........................23 3.2.6 實驗室座標系.........................23 3.3映射(Mapping).............................24 肆 研究設備與方法............................25 4.1研究軟體與設備............................25 4.2 反光球標記貼法...........................26 4.2.1 軀幹.................................26 4.2.2 下肢.................................27 4.3研究方法與步驟............................29 4.3.1 受試者...............................29 4.3.2 實驗設計與流程.......................29 4.3.3 運動學計算流程.......................31 伍 結果與討論................................34 5.1正常青年軀幹運動之角度變化情形(Normal)....34 5.1.1活動度ROM.............................35 5.1.2矢狀面(Sagittal Plane)................37 5.1.3冠狀面(Frontal Plane).................42 5.1.4水平面(Horizontal Plane)..............48 5.2特殊病例軀幹運動之角度變化情形(Patient)...53 5.2.1活動度ROM.............................53 5.2.2矢狀面(Sagittal Plane)................55 5.2.3冠狀面(Frontal Plane).................59 5.2.4水平面(Horizontal Plane)..............63 陸 結論與建議................................66 柒 參考文獻..................................68 附錄A:不同背重下的尤拉角圖 附錄B:Patient不同背重之尤拉角變化趨勢圖 附錄C:不同背重下的Frigo角圖 附錄D:Patient不同背重之Frigo角變化趨勢圖zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher生物產業機電工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-0608200911355900en_US
dc.subjecttrunk movementsen_US
dc.subject軀幹運動zh_TW
dc.subjectscoliosisen_US
dc.subjectgaiten_US
dc.subjectsimulateen_US
dc.subject脊椎側彎zh_TW
dc.subject步態zh_TW
dc.subject模擬zh_TW
dc.title利用步態分析探討側背背包對軀幹運動之影響zh_TW
dc.titleThe effect of stripe bag on the trunk movements during level walkingen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系
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