Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35588
標題: 馬拉巴栗編辮機之研製
Development of the braiding machine for Pachira macrocarpa
作者: 陳鴻毅
Chen, Hung-Yi
關鍵字: Pachira macrocarpa;馬拉巴栗;Braiding;Machine;編辮;機械
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
引用: 1.中華盆花發展協會。2003。淺談~限制馬拉巴栗果實出口。台灣花卉園藝月刊第 217 期。 2.中華盆花發展協會。2008。97年度台灣地區馬拉巴栗產銷調查報告。中華盆花發展協會。台北。 3.王明茂。1990。馬拉巴栗植體去葉機之研製。高雄農業改良場研究彙報。第12卷第1期。 4.李 哖。1998。馬拉巴栗種子發芽及莖幹萌芽之研究。農業世界 10(182): 17~18。 5.李木裕。1998。馬拉巴栗外銷概況及展望。農業世界10(182): 20~22。 6.林鈴娜。2007。組合盆栽產業發展現況與展望。農糧署課程講義。 7.孫葆銓、陳憲治。1980。實用機械氣壓學。 8.張振宙。1980。馬拉巴栗。台灣農家要覽。豐年社。p.877~882。 9.許玉妹。1998。馬拉巴栗。高屏地區重要花卉特輯。p.187-196。高雄農改場。屏東。 10.馮文星、雷新濤、趙霞。2005。編辮馬拉巴栗觀賞植株的種植與加工。中華熱帶農業 2005(4) : 33-34。 11.黃國棟、郭雅文、李佳紋。2005。大宗盆花調查手冊 p. 6-14。中華盆花發展協會。台北。 12.雷洽樣。2002。馬拉巴栗編辮造型及養護園林。2002(5): p.24-25。 13.劉利。2008。發財樹的標準化生產技術。現代農業科技2008(19): 74-79 14.劉堂瑞、廖日京。1981。樹木學。p. 629-634。台灣商務印書館。台北。 15.蔡顯隆。1998。馬拉巴栗國內生產概況及強弱勢分析。農業世界 1998(182): 23-25。 16.中央研究院數位典藏資源。http://repository.digiarch.sinica.edu.tw/ 17.A.Mills. 2001. Automation of carbon fibre preform manufacture for affordable aerospace applications.Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Volume 32, Issue 7, p.955-962 18.Charles Chia-chu Tao. 1979. A check list and host plant index of whiteflies from Taiwan. Jour. Agric. Res. China , 28(4):311~334. 19.Douglass W. 1964. Braiding and braiding machinery. Phillips TechnicalLib. 20.Ko FK. 1987. Engineering materials handbook, volume 1: composites. ASM International. 21.Li Yonghong, Ma Yingmin, Han Lei . 2009. Relationship between the Tolerance to Dehydration and Superoxide Dismutases (SODs) in Pachira macrocarpa , Journal of Plant Ecology, 45 (5): 74-79 22.P. Potluri, A. Rawal, M. Rivaldi, I. Porat . 2003. Geometrical modelling and control of a triaxial braiding machine for producing 3D preforms. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Volume 34, Issue 6, p.481-492 23.Tada M, Osada T, Nakai A, Hamada H. 2000 . Proceedings of 6th International SAMPE Symposium, Tokyo. 24.Zhang Q. 1999. Analysis of a circular braiding process. J Manufact SciEngng, 121:345–50.
摘要: 
Pachira macrocarpa was the most cultivated foliage plants in Taiwan. The appearances were variable and with high plasticity. Pachira macrocarpa had a large output for export every year. However, braiding work was still in artificial, and it wasted a great deal of manpower. The standard work was not easy to quantify, and long-term work also caused occupational injury in hand. The related machinery development in this industry was lack. With changes of agricultural society structure, the braiding artificial became less with the labor shortage problem. In this study, pre-analysis result of this traditional braiding could summarize the braiding method in a trajectory like “8”. The braiding mechanism design used the number of pneumatic cylinder to push the braiding ring and achieve the action. It also used stepper motor to control the braid length. According to the test results, the product of the braiding machine in shape and appearance was the same as artificial, and could achieve the planter standard. The damage rate was 2.7%, braiding length error was about 0.6 cm, and work capacity was 113 bunches per hour. The product quality of the braiding machine was much more stable then the hand braiding. Hope it could assist peasantry in braiding work and promote the industrial development.

馬拉巴栗目前是台灣栽培最多的觀葉植物,其植株造型變化多可塑性高,每年外銷產量龐大,目前在編辮仍以人工方式進行,需耗費大量人力,長時間編辮亦會造成手部職業傷害,且作業標準不易量化,隨著農業社會人口結構改變可進行編辮的人力也逐漸變少,常面臨人力不足的情況。本研究分析傳統馬拉巴栗手工編辮作業方式歸納出編辮動作為一8字型的運動軌跡,利用氣壓缸銜接推動的方式設計編辮機構達成編辮動作要求,並採用步進馬達帶動後方固定裝置利用馬達轉速控制編辮節段長度,測試結果發現編辮機所完成的成品與人工具有相同形狀外觀,其作業損傷率為2.7%,每小時作業效率為113組/小時,在成品品質上與人工作業相比則穩定許多。期望可協助農民進行編辮作業提升產業發展。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35588
其他識別: U0005-2108200909473000
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系

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