Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 光環境應用於肉雞生長與腳部病變影響之研究
The Light Environment Effect on Growth and Leg Disorders of Broilers
作者: 陳維仁
Chen, Wei-Jen
關鍵字: 雞隻體重;Body weight;飼料消耗;步態行為;波長轉換;Feed consumption;Gait scoring;Wavelength conversions
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
引用: 1.Aerts, J.-M., Berckmans, D., Saevels, P., Decuypere, E.and Buyse, J. 2000. Modelling the static and dynamic responses of total heat production of broiler chickens to step changes in air temperature and light intensity. British Poultry Science, 41(5), 651-659. 2.Aerts, J.-M., Wathes, C.and Berckmans, D. 2003. Dynamic data-based modelling of heat production and growth of broiler chickens: development of an integrated management system. Biosystems engineering, 84(3), 257-266. 3.Algers, B.and Svedberg, J. 1989. Effects of atmospheric ammonia and litter status on broiler health. Proceedings 3rd European Symposium Poultry Welfare, Tours, France, 11-14 June, 237-241. 4.Ashrae, A.H.-F. 1997. American society of heating, refrigerating and air-conditioning engineers. Inc. Atlanta. 5.Bessei, W. 2006. Welfare of broilers: a review. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 61, 256–267. 6.Blatchford, R., Archer, G.and Mench, J. 2012. Contrast in light intensity, rather than day length, influences the behavior and health of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 91(8), 1768-1774. 7.Blatchford, R.A., Klasing, K.C., Shivaprasad, H.L., Wakenell, P.S., Archer, G.S.and Mench, J.A. 2009. The effect of light intensity on the behavior, eye and leg health, and immune function of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 88(1), 20-28. 8.Bokkers, E.A., Zimmerman, P.H., Bas Rodenburg, T.and Koene, P. 2007. Walking behaviour of heavy and light broilers in an operant runway test with varying durations of feed deprivation and feed access. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 108(1), 129-142. 9.Boon, P., Visser, G.H.and Daan, S. 2000. Effect of photoperiod on body weight gain, and daily energy intake and energy expenditure in Japanese quail (Coturnix c. Japonica). Physiology & Behavior, 70(3–4), 249-260. 10.Bradshaw, R.H., Kirkden, R.D.and Broom, D.M. 2002. A Review of the Aetiology and Pathology of Leg Weakness in Broilers in Relation to Welfare. Avian and Poultry Biology Reviews, 13(2), 45-103. 11.Butterworth, A.and Weeks, C. 2010. The impact of disease on welfare. in: The Welfare of Domestic Fowl and Other Captive Birds, Springer, pp. 189-218. 12.Cao, J., Wang, Z., Dong, Y., Zhang, Z., Li, J., Li, F.and Chen, Y. 2012. Effect of combinations of monochromatic lights on growth and productive performance of broilers. Poultry Science, 91(12), 3013-3018. 13.Charles, R.G., Robinson, F.E., Hardin, R.T., Yu, M.W., Feddes, J.and Classen, H.L. 1992. Growth, Body Composition, and Plasma Androgen Concentration of Male Broiler Chickens Subjected to Different Regimens of Photoperiod and Light Intensity. Poultry Science, 71(10), 1595-1605. 14.Cherry, P.and Barwick, M. 1962. The effect of light on broiler growth: II. light patterns. British Poultry Science, 3(1), 41-50. 15.Dal Bosco, A., Mugnai, C., Sirri, F., Zamparini, C.and Castellini, C. 2010. Assessment of a global positioning system to evaluate activities of organic chickens at pasture. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 19(3), 213-218. 16.Davis, N., Prescott, N., Savory, C.and Wathes, C. 1999. Preferences of growing fowls for different light intensities in relation to age, strain and behaviour. Animal Welfare, 8(3), 193-203. 17.Dawkins, M.S., Donelly, S.and Jones, T.A. 2004. Chicken welfare is influenced more by housing conditions than by stocking density. Nature, 427, 342-344. 18.De Jong, I., Berg, C., Butterworth, A.and Estevéz, I. 2012a. Scientific report updating the EFSA opinions on the welfare of broilers and broiler breeders. Supporting Publications. 19.De Jong, I., Berg, C., Butterworth, A.and Estevéz, I. 2012b. Scientific report updating the EFSA opinions on the welfare of broilers and broiler breeders. 20.Deep, A., Schwean-Lardner, K., Crowe, T.G., Fancher, B.I.and Classen, H.L. 2010. Effect of light intensity on broiler production, processing characteristics, and welfare. Poultry Science, 89(11), 2326-2333. 21.Deepa, A., Schwean-Lardnera, K., Croweb, T.G., Fancherc, B.I.and Classena, H.L. 2012 Effect of light intensity on broiler behaviour and diurnal rhythms. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 136, 50-56. 22.Downs, K.M., Lien, R.J., Hess, J.B., Bilgili, S.F.and Dozier, W.A. 2006. The Effects of Photoperiod Length, Light Intensity, and Feed Energy on Growth Responses and Meat Yield of Broilers. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 15(3), 406-416. 23.Edwards, H. 2003. Effects of uv irradiation of very young chickens on growth and bone development. British Journal of Nutrition, 90(1), 151-160. 24.Ekstrand, C., Algers, B.and Svesberg, J. 1997. Rearing conditions and foot-pad dermatitis in Swedish broiler chickens. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 31, 167-174. 25.Gegear, R.J., Foley, L.E., Casselman, A.and Reppert, S.M. 2010. Animal cryptochromes mediate magnetoreception by an unconventional photochemical mechanism. Nature, 463(7282), 804-807. 26.Gill, D.J.and Leighton Jr, A. 1984. Effects of light environment and population density on growth performance of male turkeys. Poultry Science, 63(7), 1314. 27.Goldsmith, T.H. 2006. What birds see. Scientific American, 295(1), 68-75. 28.Greene, J.A., McCracken, R.M.and Evans, R.T. 1985. A contact dermatitis of broilersclincial and pathological findings. Avian Pathology, 14(23-38). 29.Halevy, O., Biran, I.and Rozenboim, I. 1998. Various light source treatments affect body and skeletal muscle growth by affecting skeletal muscle satellite cell proliferation in broilers. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, 120(2), 317-323. 30.Harms, R.H.and Simpson, C.F. 1975. Biotin deficiency as a possible cause of swelling and ulceration of foot pads. Poultry Science, 54, 1711-1713. 31.Harper, G.C.and Makatouni, A. 2002. Consumer perception of organic food production and farm animal welfare. British Food Journal, 104(3/4/5), 287-299. 32.Heshmatollah, K. 2007. Preference of Broiler Chicks for Color of Lighting and Feed. J. of Poult. Sci. , 44(2), 213-219. 33.Hester, P.Y., Sutton, A.L.and Elkin, R.G. 1987. Effect of light intensity, litter source, and litter management on the incidence of leg abnormalities and performance of male turkeys. Poultry Science, 66(4), 666-675. 34.Jacobs, G.H., Deegan, J.F.and Neitz, J. 1998. Photopigment basis for dichromatic color vision in cows, goats, and sheep. Visual Neuroscience, 15(03), 581-584. 35.Karakaya, M., Parlat, S.S., Yilmaz, M.T., Yildirim, I.and Ozalp, B. 2009. Growth performance and quality properties of meat from broiler chickens reared under different monochromatic light sources. British Poultry Science, 50(1), 76-82. 36.Ke, Y., Liu, W., Wang, Z.and Chen, Y. 2011. Effects of monochromatic light on quality properties and antioxidation of meat in broilers. Poultry Science, 90(11), 2632-2637. 37.Keppler, C., Horning, B.and Knierim, U. 2010. Influence of daily weight gain and body weight on animal welfare of slow growing broiler strains under organic conditions. XIII European Poultry Conference, Tours, France, p. S. 38.Kestin, S., Gordon, S., Su, G.and Sørensen, P. 2001. Relationships in broiler chickens between lameness, liveweight, growth rate and age. Veterinary Record, 148(7), 195-197. 39.Kjaer, J.B., Su, G., Nielsen, B.L.and Sørensen, P. 2006. Foot pad dermatitis and hock burn in broiler chickens and degree of inheritance. Poultry Science, 85(8), 1342-1348. 40.Kjaer, J.B.and Vestergaard, K. 1999. Development of feather pecking in relation to light intensity. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 62(2), 243-254. 41.Kondra, P. 1961. The effect of colored light on growth and feed efficiency of chicks and poults. Poultry Science, 40(1), 268-269. 42.Kristensen, H.H., Perry, G.C., Prescott, N.B., Ladewig, J., Ersb⊘ll, A.K.and Wathes, C.M. 2006. Leg health and performance of broiler chickens reared in different light environments. British Poultry Science, 47(3), 257-263. 43.Kristensen, H.H., Prescott, N.B., Perry, G.C., Ladewig, J., Ersbøll, A.K., Overvad, K.C.and Wathes, C.M. 2007. The behaviour of broiler chickens in different light sources and illuminances. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 103(1–2), 75-89. 44.Leterrier, C., Bizeray, D., Constantin, P. and Faure, J.M. 2001. Preventing leg problems in meat-type chickens: how making them walk? Proc. 6th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare (eds. H. Oester and C. Wyss), Zollikofen, Switzerland, 147-151. 45.Lewis, P.D.and Gous, R.M. 2009. Responses of poultry to ultraviolet radiation. World''s Poultry Science Journal, 65(03), 499-510. 46.Lewis, P.D. 2006. A review of lighting for broiler breeders. British Poultry Science, 47(4), 393-404. 47.Lewis, P.D.and Morris, T.R. 1998. Responses of domestic poultry to various light sources. World''s Poultry Science Journal, 54(01), 7-25. 48.Lien, R., Hess, J., McKee, S.and Bilgili, S. 2008. Effect of light intensity on live performance and processing characteristics of broilers. Poultry Science, 87(5), 853-857. 49.Maddocks, S.A., Cuthill, I.C., Goldsmith, A.R.and Sherwin, C.M. 2001. Behavioural and physiological effects of absence of ultraviolet wavelengths for domestic chicks. Animal Behaviour, 62(5), 1013-1019. 50.Manser, C.E. 1996. Effects of Lighting on the Welfare of Domestic Poultry: A Review. Animal Welfare, 5(4), 341-360. 51.Martland, M.F. 1985. Ulcerative dermatitis dm broiler chickens: The effects of wet litter. Avian 14, 353-364. 52.Newberry, R.C., Hunt, J.R.and Gardiner, E.E. 1988. Influence of Light Intensity on Behavior and Performance of Broiler Chickens. Poultry Science, 67(7), 1020-1025. 53.Ohtani, S.and Leeson, S. 2000. The effect of intermittent lighting on metabolizable energy intake and heat production of male broilers. Poultry Science, 79(2), 167-171. 54.Ohtani, S.and Tanaka, K. 1998. The effects of intermittent lighting on activity of broiler. Japanese Poultry Science, v. 35(2), 117-124. 55.Osorio, D., Vorobyev, M.and Jones, C.D. 1999. Colour vision of domestic chicks. Journal of Experimental Biology, 202(21), 2951-2959. 56.Prayitno, D.S., Phillips, C.J.C.and Omed, H. 1997. The effects of color of lighting on the behavior and production of meat chickens. Poultry Science, 76(3), 452-457. 57.Quentin, M., Bouvarel, I.and Picard, M. 2005. Effects of the starter diet, light intensity, and essential amino acids level on growth and carcass composition of broilers. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14(1), 69-76. 58.Rahimi, G., Rezaei, M., Hafezian, H.and Saiyahzadeh, H. 2005. The Effect of Intermittent Lighting Schedule on Broiler Performance. International Journal of Poultry Science, 4(6), 396-398. 59.Reiter, K.and Bessei, W. 1995. Influence of running on leg weakness of slow and fast growing broilers. Proceedings 29th International Congress ISAE, Exeter, U.K., 3-5 August: 211-213. 60.Rierson, R.D. 2011. Broiler preference for Light Color and feed form, and the effect of light on growth and performance of broiler chicks., Vol. Master of Sciience, Kansas State University. 61.Robins, A.and Phillips, C. 2011. International approaches to the welfare of meat chickens. World''s Poultry Science Journal, 67(2), 351. 62.Rozenboim, I., Biran, I., Chaiseha, Y., Yahav, S., Rosenstrauch, A., Sklan, D.and Halevy, O. 2004. The effect of a green and blue monochromatic light combination on broiler growth and development. Poultry Science, 83(5), 842-845. 63.Rozenboim, I., Biran, I., Uni, Z., Robinzon, B.and Halevy, O. 1999. The effect of monochromatic light on broiler growth and development. Poultry Science, 78(1), 135-138. 64.Rutten, M., Leterrier, C., Constantin, P., Reiter, K.and Bessei, W. 2002a. Bone development and activity in chickens in response to reduced weight-load on legs. Animal Research, 51(4), 327-336. 65.Rutten, M., Leterrier, C., Constantin, P., Reiter, K.and Bessei, W. 2002b. Bone development and activity in chickens: response to reduced weight-load on legs. Animal Research, 51, 327-336. 66.Sanotra, G.S., Lund, J.D.and Vestergaard, K.S. 2002. Influence of light-dark schedules and stocking density on behaviour, risk of leg problems and occurrence of chronic fear in broilers. British Poultry Science, 43(3), 344-354. 67.Scheideler, S.E. 1990. Research Note: Effect of various light sources on broiler performance and efficiency of production under commercial conditions. Poultry Science, 69(6), 1030-1033. 68.Senaratna, D., Samarakone, T., Atapattu, N.S.B.M.and Nayanarasi, H.A.D. 2009. Effect of the colour of light on growth performance, behaviour and bone parameters of broiler chicken. Tropical Agricultural Research Journal, 20, 185-192. 69.Shepherd, E.and Fairchild, B. 2010. Footpad dermatitis in poultry. Poultry Science, 89(10), 2043-2051. 70.Sorensen, P., Su, G.and Kestin, S. 1999. The effect of photoperiod:scotoperiod on leg weakness in broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 78(3), 336-342. 71.Vestergaard, S.and Sanotra, G. 1999. Relationships between leg disorders and changes in the behaviour of broiler chickens. Veterinary Record, 144(8), 205-209. 72.Wabeck, C.and Skoglund, W. 1974. Influence of radiant energy from fluorescent light sources on growth, mortality, and feed conversion of broilers. Poultry Science, 53(6), 2055-2059. 73.Weeks, C., Danbury, T., Davies, H., Hunt, P.and Kestin, S. 2000. The behaviour of broiler chickens and its modification by lameness. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 67(1), 111-125. 74.Xie, D., Li, J., Wang, Z.X., Cao, J., Li, T.T., Chen, J.L.and Chen, Y.X. 2011. Effects of monochromatic light on mucosal mechanical and immunological barriers in the small intestine of broilers. Poultry Science, 90(12), 2697-2704. 75.Xie, D., Wang, Z.X., Dong, Y.L., Cao, J., Wang, J.F., Chen, J.L.and Chen, Y.X. 2008. Effects of Monochromatic Light on Immune Response of Broilers. Poultry Science, 87(8), 1535-1539. 76.Yahav, S., Hurwitz, S.and Rozenboim, I. 2000. The effect of light intensity on growth and development of turkey toms. British Poultry Science, 41(1), 101-106. 77.Zhang, L., Zhang, H., Qiao, X., Yue, H., Wu, S., Yao, J.and Qi, G. 2012. Effect of monochromatic light stimuli during embryogenesis on muscular growth, chemical composition, and meat quality of breast muscle in male broilers. Poultry Science, 91(4), 1026-1031.

Wavelengths play an important role in the behavior and psychology of chickens. This study examines the influence that different wavelengths and daily wavelength conversions have on chickens. The chicks, all of which were Arbor Acres, were randomly assigned to six experiments, with each experiment making use of 10 birds over a course of three repeated trials. The light source made use of LEDs. The wavelength conversion groupings of each test group were as follows: Group A: After being given green light for their first 10 days, from the 11th day onward this group was given blue light; Group B: Given a cycle consisting of green light for 3 hours, followed by red light for 1 hour and blue light for 3 hours; Group C: Given a cycle consisting of 3 hours of green light and 3 hours of blue light; Group D: Given 11 hours of green light, followed by 12 hours of blue light; Group E: After being given green light for 10 days, from the 11th day onward they were given a cycle consisting of 3 hours of blue light, and 1 hour of red light; Group F: Given a cycle consisting of 11 hours of green light, 1 hour of red light and 11 hours of blue light. Records were made of BW and feed consumption. On the 35th day, assessments of leg weakness were made when ability to walk and gait scoring were measured. Observations were also made to determine whether or not the chickens were at risk of footpad dermatitis or ankle injuries. Results indicated that using wavelength conversion stimulation could induce chickens to undertake more locomotive activity. It had a positive effect in terms of incidence of leg lesions, which decreased and therefore raised the overall well-being of the chickens.
其他識別: U0005-2108201322455200
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.