Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35796
標題: 溫室內微氣候梯度對作物蒸散量之影響
The Effect of Greenhouse Microclimate Gradient on the Crop Transpiration
作者: 張雅惠
Chang, Ya-Hui
關鍵字: 蒸散量;transpiration;模式;微氣候;model;microclimate
出版社: 生物產業機電工程學系所
引用: 1. 李名達。(2001)。番茄紅素分析和安定性的研究。輔仁大學食品營養學系碩士論文。新北市。 2. 林元露。(2004)。活用高中生命科學精通(上)。華逵。台北市。 3. 林惠玲、陳正倉。(2002)。應用統計學二版。台北市。 4. 柯勇。(2002)。植物生理學。藝軒。台北市。 5. 陳加忠。(1999)。溫室內盆栽花卉蒸散量之研究。中華農業氣象6(4):159-17。 6. 黃郁升。(2009) 。 溫室火鶴花蒸發散之研究-量測系統之建立與模式驗證。國立中興大學生物產業機電工程學系碩士論文。台中市。 7. 蔡尚光。(1993)。水耕番茄的秘密。淑馨。新北市 8. Albright, L. D. (1990). Environment control for animals and plants. American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Chicaco. USA. 9. Chen, C. (2003). Prediction of longitudinal variations in temperature and relative humidity for evaporative cooling greenhouse. Agricultural Engineering Journal, 12(3&4), 143-164. 10. Demrati, H., Boulard, T., Fatnassi, H., Bekkaoui, A., Majdoubi, H., Elattir, H. (2007). Microclimate and transpiration of a greenhouse banana crop. Biosystems Engineering, 98(1), 66-78. 11. Heuvelink, E. (2006). Tomatoes. CABI Publishing. Oxfordshire. UK 12. Higashide, T. (2009). Light interception by tomato plants (solanum lycopersicum) grown on a sloped field. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 149(5), 756-762. 13. Jain, D.,Tiwari, G. N. (2002). Modeling and optimal design of evaporative cooling system in controlled environment greenhouse. Energy Conversion and Management, 43(16), 2235-2250. 14. Jolliet, O. (1994). HORTITRANS, a model for predicting and optimizing humidity and transpiration in greenhouses. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 57(1), 23-37. 15. Jolliet, O., Bailey, B. J. (1992). The effect of climate on tomato transpiration in greenhouses: Measurements and models comparison. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 58(1-2), 43-62. 16. Stanghellini, C. (1987). Transpiration of greenhouse crops: an aid to climate management. Ph.D Dissertation. Wageningen University. 17. Sterling T. M. (2004) Text for ‘Transpiraton – Water Movement through Plants (http://www.sciencemag.org/site/feature/misc/webfeat/vis2005/show/transpiration.swf 上網日期:2011/11/01) 18. Teitel, M., Atias, M., & Barak, M. (2010). Gradients of temperature, humidity and CO2 along a fan-ventilated greenhouse. Biosystems Engineering, 106(2), 166-174. 19. Teitel, M., Atias, M., Schwartz, A., Cohen, S. (2011). Use of a greenhouse as an open chamber for canopy gas exchange measurements: Methodology and validation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(10), 1346-1355. 20. Weiss, A. (1977). Algorithms for the calculation of moist ar preperties on a hand calculator. Transactions of the ASAE, 20(6), 1133-1136. 21. Ilahi, W. F. F. (2009) Evapotranspiration Models in Greenhouse. Irrigation and Wter Engineering Group. Wageningen University. 22. William G. Hopkins., Norman P. A. Huner. (2009). Introduction to plant physiology (4th Edition ed.) Wiley. Hoboken. USA.
摘要: 
蒸散作用為蔬果種植時灌溉的重要指標,受到各種微氣候因子所包括、相對濕度、太陽輻射、風速。溫室內的微氣候梯度增加了環境控制上的不確定性。研究目的為分析溫室內垂直方向的微氣候分布並探討其對作物蒸散量之影響。
蒸散作用為一複雜的機制,涵蓋了多種影響因子。除了微氣候,作物的生長狀況亦會影響蒸散作用。而作物的生長狀況也影響了溫室內的微氣候。葉面積指數高可能導致該位置的氣體交換率小。欲使用數學模式去估算蒸散量,勢必要有足夠的微氣候以及與作物相關的數據,才能準確地估算蒸散率。
由於台灣亞熱帶溫室之高度較低,其空氣流動方向為水平方向,此研究結果顯示在垂直方面的微氣候並無明顯的梯度差。

Transpiration is an essential index of irrigation in vegetable cultivation which was affected by microclimate conditions such as temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation and wind speed etc. . The gradient of microclimate in greenhouse enhanced the uncertainty of environment control. The aim of this study was to analysis the microclimate gradient in vertical direction and to discuss the effect on crop transpiration.
Transpiration was a complicated mechanism involved in many factors included several microclimate factors and the conditions of crop growth. The conditions of crop growth also influenced the microclimate. For example, the position with higher leaf area index (LAI) might cause lower air exchange rate. If a model was used to evaluate crop transpiration precisely, sufficient data about microclimate and crop needed to be measured and evaluated.
The results indicated that the height of greenhouse in subtropical regions like as Taiwan is lower and the domain air flow direction in greenhouse is horizontal. So the microclimate gradient in vertical direction is insignificant.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35796
其他識別: U0005-1508201218013700
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