Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35843
標題: 熱休克蛋白70參與竹嵌紋病毒複製之研究
The involvement of NbHsp70 in BaMV replication
作者: 楊孟佳
Yang, Meng-Ja
關鍵字: 竹嵌紋病毒;Bamboo mosaic virus;熱休克蛋白 70;複製酵素;Heat shock protein 70;RdRp
出版社: 生物科技學研究所
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摘要: 
熱休克蛋白70 (Heat shock protein 70, Hsp70)在細胞內的功能主要是幫助蛋白質正確的折疊,並促進蛋白質之間的交互作用和組裝。在前人的研究中發現,Hsp70和竹嵌紋病毒(Bamboo mosaic virus, BaMV)負股核酸3’端的啟動子有交互作用,利用基因靜默降低菸草(Nicotiana benthamiana)內Hsp70的表現量之後發現BaMV的感染力也跟著下降,猜測Hsp70會參與BaMV的複製。為了證實此假說,我們利用Hsp70的抑制劑(Pifithrin-μ , PES)抑制菸草原生質體細胞中Hsp70的功能後進行病毒複製效率的分析,結果發現BaMV核酸複製能力會隨著PES的劑量增加而降低,以同樣的實驗測試Potato virus X (PVX)和Cucumber mosaic virus所得到的結果並不明顯,顯示出Hsp70對於BaMV的複製具有正調控的作用。
為了進一步分析Hsp70參與BaMV複製的分子機制,首先,我們由菸草中選殖出Hsp70的全長序列,設計探針,並利用北方墨點法實驗觀察到當菸草經過熱休克處理或病毒感染後,細胞內Hsp70基因的表現量會大量增加。從酵母菌雙雜交法我們證明了Hsp70和BaMV複製酵素之間的交互作用,接著希望藉由免疫共沉澱分析方法觀察到細胞內Hsp70和BaMV複製酵素之間的交互作用,以證實Hsp70分子伴護功能參與BaMV複製的過程。然而,此實驗需要製備能夠專一辨認BaMV 複製酵素的抗體,因此利用由大腸桿菌表現的蛋白質(ORF1 RdRp domain)當作抗原,免疫紐西蘭大白兔後取得抗體,此抗體可以成功辨認由大腸桿菌表現的蛋白質,但尚無法在BaMV感染的植物組織中偵測到BaMV ORF1產物,推測病毒在複製過程中不需要太多的複製酵素,導致在植物細胞內所表達的量並不足夠被抗體所辨認。為了增加BaMV複製酵素的表現量,構築融合HFBI胜肽在BaMV複製酵素C端的質體,此質體雖然仍具有感病活性但卻不如預期可提高活性的現象,所以最後仍無法測得複製酵素。在HFBI胜肽中含有StrepII序列,期待利用StrepII抗體偵測複製酵素(ORF1-HFBI),因此利用實驗室建立的狐尾草嵌紋病毒(Foxtail mosaic virus)和馬鈴薯病毒X(Potato virus X)胜肽展示病毒載體,以嵌合病毒型態在病毒顆粒表面展示StrepII胜肽分子並做為抗原以生產偵測StrepII的專一性抗體。結果發現雖然嵌合病毒質體可以成功地感染植物葉片,但無法大量製備病毒顆粒以當作抗原製造StrepII抗體。本實驗未來將進一步分析Hsp70 異構體參與BaMV複製的可能功能。

Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is a highly conserved molecular chaperone for assisting proper folding of cellular proteins and facilitating protein-protein interaction and complex assembly. In the previous work, Hsp70 was found in association with partially purified replication complexes from Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV)-infected Nicotiana benthamiana, and shown to interact with the 3’ untranslated region of BaMV minus-strand RNA. The knockdown of NbHsp70 by virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) suppressed BaMV infectivity, suggesting that NbHsp70 involved in BaMV replication. To test this possibility, we used Pifithrin-μ (PES), a small molecule inhibitor of Hsp70, to inhibit Hsp70 function and then inoculated BaMV into N. benthamiana protoplasts. The results revealed that BaMV RNA accumulation was significantly reduced for PES treatments in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting that accumulation of BaMV RNA depends on the Hsp70 function.
To further analyze the molecular mechanism of Hsp70 involved in BaMV replication, we have cloned six isoforms of Hsp70 ORF from N. benthamiana and observed that the Hsp70 gene expression was significantly increased after heat shock treatment and virus infection. Next, to understand the recruitment of Hsp70 chaperone function in BaMV replication, Yeast-two-hybrid assay result showed that there are interaction between Hsp70 and BaMV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). Co-immunoprecipitation was another way to define the interaction, and would be performed with BaMV RdRp specific antibody. However, there is no such antibody in our lab so far. To this end, BaMV RdRp, over-expressed and purified from E. coli, was used to immunize rabbit for antibody production. The BaMV RdRp antibody prepared in this study could react to recombinant BaMV RdRp, but not to BaMV ORF1 product in BaMV infected tissue. This result revealed that the BaMV ORF1 expression is beyond the detection limit by BaMV RdRp antibody. To increase BaMV replicase accumulation, a HFBI peptide was fused to the C-terminal of BaMV ORF1 and constructed as an infectious clone, pCBP1HFBI. No increment of infectivity of pCBP1HFBI was shown in the infected N. benthamiana and ORF1-HFBI was still undetectable by BaMV RdRp antibody. Since HFBI comprises StrepII peptide,we therefore used FoMV- and PVX-based epitope-presentation system for antibody production by fusing the StrepII peptide to the surface of the chimeric virion. The FoMV and PVX chimeric clones were able to infect plant leaves. However, the infectivities were dramatically decreased, and in consequence we could not get large scale material for virion purification. In the future, we will continue to analyze the involvement of Hsp70 isoforms in BaMV replication.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/35843
其他識別: U0005-1207201213241900
Appears in Collections:生物科技學研究所

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