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標題: Effects of nonuniform temperature gradients on the onset of oscillatory Marangoni convection in a magnetic field
作者: Char, M.I.
Chen, C.C.
關鍵字: deformable free-surface;tension driven instability;horizontal liquid;layer;conducting fluid
Project: Acta Mechanica
期刊/報告no:: Acta Mechanica, Volume 161, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 17-30.
This article theoretically studies the onset of oscillatory Marangoni convection in a horizontal layer of an electrically conducting fluid, to which a nonuniform thermal gradient and a uniform magnetic field are applied. The top surface of a fluid layer is deformably free and the bottom is rigid. By means of the linear stability theory and a normal mode analysis, the eigenvalue equations of the perturbed state are solved by using the fourth-order Runge-Kutta-Gill's method with the shooting technique. The computational results are compared with those known from the literature, and the agreement is found out to be generally good. The results indicate that the critical Marangoni number -Ma(c) increases with increasing the Chandrasekhar number Q, the Prandtl number Pr, or the Biot number Bi of the upper free surface, but decreases with increasing the Crispation number Cr. As compared with the linear temperature profile, the inverted parabolic temperature profile shows higher -Ma(c) values, while the parabolic temperature profile shows lower -Ma(c) values. In addition, for the piecewise linear temperature profiles, the influences of thermal depth on the critical Marangoni number are also obtained.
ISSN: 0001-5970
DOI: 10.1007/s00707-002-0985-y
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