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標題: 應答曲面設計的超臨界二氧化碳萃取米糠醇油程序
Designed Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Oryzanols Contained Rice Bran Oil Using Response Surface Methodology
作者: 王志宏
Wang, Chih-Hung
關鍵字: Supercritical carbon dioxide;超臨界二氧化碳萃取;rice bran;rice bran oil;gamma-oryzanols;free fatty acid;triglycerides;米糠油;米糠醇;游離脂肪酸
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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This study examined effects of temperature, pressure, solvent flow rate and the ratio of solvent to solid on suspercritical carbon dioxide extraction of rice bran oil from powdered rice bran. Total yield of oil, extraction efficiencies and concentraction factors of oryzanols, free fatty acid and triglycerides were determined. Response surface methodology (RSM) designed suspercritical carbon dioxide extractions with pressure ranged from 250bar to 350bar and temperature ranged from 313K to 333K were then carried out to determine these two factors on those responded parameters.
Down-flow suspercritical carbon dixoide extraction at 350bar and 313K resulted in 17.5% of oil yield, which is 87.5% of that by N-hexane extraction. Those concentration factors of oryzanols, free fatty acid and triglycerides were equal to those of soxhlet hexane extraction. Up-flow suspercritical carbon dixoide extraction at 300bar and 313K yielded 17.6% of oil. However, those concentration factors of oryzanols, free fatty acid and triglycerides were more than those of soxhlet hexane extraction. Both RSM studies of down-flow and up-flow supercritical carbon dioxide extractions indicated that pressure presents more effectives than temperature on enhancing the extraction efficiency of oil components. Using up-flow supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of rice bran oil, crossover pressure at 275bar was found in this study.
其他識別: U0005-2408200711244100
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