Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36771
標題: 台灣薄荷種原農藝性狀之變異及氮肥施用量對四種薄荷產量及精油含量之影響
Variation of Agronomy Characters among Mint Collection in Taiwan and Influences of Different Nitrate Application Rate on Four Mint Varieties
作者: 鄭向農
Cheng, Shiang-Nong
關鍵字: mint;薄荷;mentha;fertilizer;collection;germplasma;氮肥;種原;收集系
出版社: 農藝學系所
引用: 王俊傑、臧玉琦、楊慶芳。1994。薄荷植株含油量變化規律的研究。安徽農業科學22: 94-97。 朱培立、王志明、黃東邁、曹鳳進、朱建樺、王志進、王振林、陸建石。2000。磷、鉀肥對薄荷產量的影響及其殘留效應。江蘇農業科學1: 48-50。 邱志浩。2010。薄荷產量、揮發油與腺毛細胞之遺傳變異性及其生育期之變化。碩士論文。台中:國立中興大學農藝學系研究所。 李妍。2005。椒樣薄荷栽培技術。北方園藝 6: 35。 李時珍(明)。1976。本草綱目。台北:國立中國醫藥研究所。pp. 334-535。 易希道。1991。植物生理學。第八版。台北:正中書局。643p. 吳志文、羅文冠、林素汝。2009。薄荷品種介紹。高雄區農業專訊 70: 17-19。 吳鐵。1992。薄荷腦促進撲熱息痛經皮滲透作用研究。中國醫院藥學雜誌12:104。 林木連。2005。薄荷。出自“作物施肥手冊”。羅秋雄主編。p. 28。臺中:中華肥料協會。 林碧滄。1977。特用作物學。pp. 228-233。台中:國立中興大學教務處出版組。 卓芷聿。2003。芳香療法全書。台北:商周出版。pp. 71-81。 柯勇。2004。植物生理學。初版。台北:藝軒圖書出版社。pp. 365-366。 苟星聞、竇宏濤。2002。椒樣薄荷優質高產栽培技術研究。西北農業學報4: 72-76。 徐原田。1980。藥用作物。出自〝台灣農家要覽(上)〞。梁鴞主編。pp. 632-634。台北:豐年社。 徐原田。1988。薄荷。出自〝經濟植物集〞。梁鴞主編。pp. 170-179。台北:豐年社。 財政部關稅總局稅率稅則查尋系統http://www.customs.gov.tw/Rateweb/Search1.aspx 馬春紅、陳霞、翟彩霞、郭秀林、崔四平、李廣敏。2004。薄荷的快速繁殖與栽培技術的研究。園藝園林科學20: 230-232。 馬同富、王俊傑、牛峰。2007。薄荷莖葉比施肥技術體系初探。中國農學通報 23: 236-241。 黃增泉。2006。高等植物分類學原理。第四版。台北:華香園出版社。pp. 371-384。 張志平、蔡康榮、吳鐵。1994。薄荷腦促撲熱息痛透過胎兒皮膚實驗的電鏡觀察及其助滲機制的探討。解剖學雜誌17: 11-13。 張定霖、洪進雄、吳昭祥。2003。香藥草植物圖鑑。初版。臺中:行政院農業委員會種苗改良繁殖場。pp. 81-91。 陰健。1994。中藥現代研究與臨床應用。北京:學苑出版社。p. 681。 楊永裕。1961。薄荷肥料試驗。台灣省農業試驗所年報。pp. 30-33。 葉蘭榮、姚雷、徐勇、張豔玲、吳亞妮、楊森豔。2006。四種薄荷植物 學性狀和精油成分的比較。上海交通大學學報24: 435-440。 劉紹華。2001。栽培條件對椒樣薄荷油品質的影響。天然產物研究與開發13: 55-57。 劉新裕、林俊儀、張成國。2001。值得發展之藥用保健植物。出自〝行政院農業委員會農業試驗所特刊第98號〞。行政院農業委員會農業試驗所主編。pp. 143-148。台中:行政院農業委員會農業試驗所。 劉紅杰、金若敏。2006。薄荷油研究進展。山東中醫藥大學學報30: 502-505。 謝川若、秦傑。1988。薄荷醇對家兔、豚鼠、小鼠離體腸平滑肌、子宮肌的作用。教學與醫療4: 1-3。 譚健華。1995。薄荷醇促進抗生素、抗菌藥的透皮作用研究。廣東醫學16: 556-557。 蘇敬(唐)。2004。新修本草。第二版。安徽:安徽科學技術出版社。p. 888。 蘇宗振、葉茂生、曾勝雄。2002。台灣薏苡種原之農藝性狀變異研究。中華農藝 12: 57-71。 蘭茂(明)。1975。滇南本草。第二版。昆明:雲南人民出版社。p . 990。 Alkire, B. H., and J. E. Simon. 1996. Response of Midwestern peppermint (Mentha pipperita L.) and native spearmint (M. spicata L.) to rate and form ofnitrogen fertilizer. Acta. Hort. 426: 537-541. Bentham, G. 1848. Mentha. In “Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, Vol. 12”, ed. A. DeCandolle. pp. 164-177. Paris: Victoris Masson. Bray, R. H., and L. T. Kurtz. 1945. Determination of total organic and available forms phosphorus in soil. Soil Sci. 59: 39-45. Brenner, J. M., and C. S. Mulvaney. 1982. Nitrogen-total. In “Methods of soil analysis, Part 2”, ed. A. L. Page, pp. 595-624. Madison: Amer. Soc. Agro. Briquet, J. 1896. Labiatae. In “Dienatűrlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Vol. 4”, eds. A. Engler, and K. Prantl, pp. 183-375. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann. Briquet, J. 1889. Fragmenta monographiae Labiatarum. Fascicule 1er. Révision systématique des groupes spécifiques et subspécifiques dans lesous-genre Menthastrum du genre Mentha. Bull. Soc. Bot. Genéve, 5: 20-107. Cantino, P. D., R. M. Harley, and Wagstaff, S. J. 1992. Genera of Labiatae: status and classification. In “Advances in Labiate Science”, eds. R. M. Harley, and T. Reynolds, pp. 511-522. Richmound: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Chambers, H. L., and K. E. Hummer. 1994. Chromosome counts in the Mentha collection at the USDA-ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository. Taxon 43: 423-432. Edris, A. E., and E. S. Farrag. 2003. Antifungal activity of peppermint and sweet basil essential oils and their major aroma constituents onsome plant pathogenic fungi from the vapor phase. Nahrung 47:117-121. Fenwick, A. L., and S. M. Ward. 2001. Use of random amplified polymorphic DNA markers for cultivar identification in mint. Hort. Sci. 36: 761-764. Gleason, H. A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, 2nd ed. New York: The New York Botanical Garden.pp.443-444. Gobert, V., S. Moja, M. Colson, and P. Taberlet. 2002. Hybridization in the section Mentha (Lamiaceae) inferred from AFLP markers. Amer. J. Bot. 89: 2017-2023. Hanson, B. R., and D. B. Marcum. 2006. Effect of irrigation and harvest timing on peppermint oil yield in California. Agric. Water Manage. 82: 118-128. Harley, R. M. 1972. Notes on the genus Mentha (Labiatae). In: “Flora Europaea. Notulae systmaticae adfloram Europaeam spectantes. No. 12”, ed. V. H. Heywood, pp. 223-269. Stockholm: J. Linn. Soc. Bot. Harley, R. M. 1975. 445. Mentha L. In: “Hybridization the Flora of the British Isles”, ed. C. A. Stace, pp. 383-390. London: Academic Press. Harley, R. M., and C. A. Brighton. 1977. Chromosome numbers in the genus Mentha L.. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 74: 71-96. Hawthorn, M., J. Ferrante, E. Luchowski, A. Rutledge, X. Y. Wei, and D. J. Triggle. 1988. The actions of peppermint oil and menthol on calcium channel dependent processes in intestinal, neuronal and cardiac preparations. Alimen. Pharmac. & Therap. 2: 101-118. Hills, J. M., and P. I. Aaronson, 1991. The mechanism of action of peppermint oil on gastrointestinal smooth muscle. An analysis usingpatch clamp electrophysiology and isolated tissue pharmacology inrabbit and guinea pig. Gastroenterology 101: 55-65. Huang, T. C., T. H. Shieh, and W. T. Cheng. 1994. Labiatae. In “Flora of Taiwan, IV”, 2nd ed., eds. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. pp. 485-488. Taipei: Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan. International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). 2006. Peppermint: Guidelines for the conduct of tests for distinctness, uniformity and stability. U. P. O. V. TG/229/1: 1-21. Jeliazkova, E. A., V. D. Zheljazkov, L. E. Craker, B. Yankov, and T. Georgieva. 1999. NPK fertilizer and yields of peppermint, Mentha ×piperita. Acta. Hort. 502: 231-236. Khanuja, S. P. S., A. K. Shasany, A. Srivastava, and S. Kumar. 2000. Assessment of genetic relationships in Mentha species. Euphytica 111: 121-125. Krischik, V. A. 1991. Specific or generalized plant defense: reciprocal interactions between herbivores and pathogens. In“Microbial mediation of plant-herbivore interactions”, eds. Barbosa, P., Krischik, V. A., and Jones, C. G., pp. 309-340. New York: Jon Wiley. Kumar, S. S., S. Pandey-Rai, and S. K. Rai. 2007. The cultivation of mints in India. In “Mint, The Genus Mentha”, ed. B. M. Lawrence, pp. 137-164. New York: CRC Press. Kumar, S., and M. Ram. 1997. Yield improvement in the regenerated and transplanted mint Mentha arvensis by recycling the organic wastes and manures. Bioresour. Technol. 59:141-149. Lawrence, B. M. 2007a. The composition of commercially important mints. In “Mint, The Genus Mentha”, ed. B. M. Lawrence, pp. 217-323. New York: CRC Press. Lawrence, B. M. 2007b. Oil composition of other Mentha Species and hybrids. In “Mint, The Genus Mentha”, ed. B. M. Lawrence, pp.325-346. New York: CRC Press. Lee, D. S., S. H. Lee, and Y. B. Lee. 2002.Effect of environment on growth and quality of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). Acta. Hort. 633: 253-258. Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas Holmiae: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. pp. 576-578. Maffei, M., & Sacco, T. 1987. Chemical and morphometrical comparison between two peppermint Notomorphs. Planta Med. 53: 214-216. Mahmoud, S. A., and M. Al-H. Younis. 2009. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth and oil yield of indigenous mint (Mentha longifolia L.). Biotechnology 8: 380-384. Maia, N. B. 1999. Sistema automático de fornecimento de soluções nutritivas para plantas cultivadas em vaso. Sci. Agric. 56: 103-109. Maia, N. B., O. A. Bovi, M. O. M. Marques, and Q. A. C. Carmello. 2001. Essential oil production and quality of Mentha arvensis L. grown in nutrient solutions. Acta. Hort. 548: 181-187. Mark, A. M. 2007. Commercial mint species grown in the United States. In “Mint, The Genus Mentha”, ed. B. M. Lawrence, pp. 87-136. New York: CRC Press. McLean, E. O. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In “Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2”, ed. A. L. Page, pp. 99-224. Madison: Amer. Soc. Agro. Mengel, K. 1992. Nitrogen: agricultural productivity and environmental problems. In “Nitrogen metabolism of plants.”, ed. K. Mengel and D.J. Pilbeam. pp.1-15. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Mitchell, A. R., and N. A. Farris. 1996. Peppermint response to nitrogen fertilizer in an arid climate. J. Plant Nutr. 19: 955-967. Mollafilabi, A., K. Hassan Zadeh Rad, H. Aroiee, R. Sadrabadi Haghighi, S. Jahedi Pour, and M. Taghi Ebadi. 2009. Effect of optimizing nitrogen and potassium application in johnson nutrient solution on essential oil content of peppermint in hydroponics culture. Acta. Hort. 853: 157-160. Munsi, P. S. 1992. Nitrogen and phosphorus nutrition response in Japanese mint cultivation. Acta. Hort. 306: 436-443. Murphy, J., and J. D. Riley. 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphorus in natural waters. Anal. Chem. Acta. 27: 31-36. Murray, M. J., and D. E. Lincoln. 1972. Oil composition of Mentha aquatica–M. longifolia F1 hybridsand M. dumetorum. Euphytica. 21: 337-343. Nash, P., S. R. Gould, and D. E. Bernardo. 1986. Peppermint oil does notrelieve the pain of irritable bowel syndrome. British J. Clin. Pract. 40: 292-293. Oaks, A., and B. Hirel. 1985. Nitrogen metabolism in roots. Annu.Rev. Plant Physiol. 35: 415-442. Paré, P. W., and J. H. Tumlinson. 1997. De novo biosynthesis of volatiles induced by insect herbivory in cotton plants. Plant Physiol. 114: 1161-1167. Patra, D. D., M. Ram, and D. V. Singh. 1993. Influence of straw mulching on fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency, moisture conservation and herb and essential oil yield in Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis). Fertilizer Res. 34: 135-139. Pérard, A. 1876. Classification du genre Mentha. Bull. Soc. Émul. Allier, 1876: 1-59. Randhawa, G. S., and S. Kaur. 1996. Optimization of harvesting time and row spacing for the quality oil in japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L.) varieties. Acta. Hort. 426: 615-622. Ram, D., M. Ram, and S. Singh. 1995. Irrigation andnitrogen requirements of bergamot mint on asandy loam soil under subtropical conditions. Agric. Water Manage. 27: 45-54. Ram, D., M. Ram, and R. Singh. 2006. Optimization ofwater and nitrogen application to menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.) through sugarcane trashmulch in a sandy loam soil of semi-aridsubtropical climate. Bioresour. Technol. 97: 886-893. Rezai, A., and K. J. Frey. 1989. Variation for physiological and morphological traits in relation to geographical distribution of wild oats. SABRAO J. 21:1-9. Ricklefs, R. E. 1990. Biologicals factors in the environment. In: “Ecology”, 3rd ed., ed. R. E. Ricklefs, p. 896. New York: W. H. Freeman. Rohloff, J. 1999. Monoterpene composition of essential oil from peppermint (Mentha ×piperita L.) with regard to leaf position using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. J. Agri. Food Chem. 47: 3782-3786. Schuhmacher, A., J. Reichling, and P. Schnitzler. 2003. Virucidal effect of peppermint oil on the enveloped viruses herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in vitro. Phytomedicine 10: 504-510. Seigler, D. S. 1998. Plant secondary metabolism. Boston: Kluwer Academic. pp. 312-323. Singh, V. P., S. K. Kothari, and Singh, D. V. 1989. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on herbage and essential oil yields of Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis). J. Agric. Sci. 113: 277-279. Tisserand, R. 1978. The art of aromatherapy: The healing and beautifying properties of the essential oils of flowers and herbs. New York: Inner Traditions International. p. 320. Tucker, A. O., and D. E. Fairbrothers. 1990. The origin of Mentha ×gracilis (Lamiaceae). I. Chromosomenumbers, fertility, and three morphological characters. Econ. Bot. 44: 183-213. Tucker, A. O., H. Hendriks, R. Bos, and D. E. Fairbrothers. 1991. The origin of Mentha ×gracilis (Lamiaceae). II. Essential oils. Econ. Bot. 45: 200-215. Tucker, A. O. and H. L. Cambers. 2002. Mentha canadensis L.(Lamiaceae): a relict amphidiploid from the lower tertiary.Taxon 51: 703–718. Tucker, U., and R. F. C. Naczi. 2007. Mentha: An overview of its classification and relationships. In “Mint, The Genus Mentha”, ed. B. M. Lawrence, pp.1-39. New York: CRC Press. Wennuan, L., and B. M. Lawrence. 2007. Production of mints and mint oil in China. In “Mint, The Genus Mentha”, ed. B. M. Lawrence, pp. 165-184. New York: CRC Press. Zheljazkov, V., and A. Margina. 1996. Effect of increasing doses of fertilizer application on quantitative and qualitative characters of mint. Acta.Hort.426:579-592. Zheljazkov, V. D., C. L. Cantrell, T. Astatkie, and M. W. Ebelhar. 2010a. Productivity, oil content and composition of two spearmint species in Mississippi. Agron. J. 102:129-133. Zheljazkov, V. D., C. L. Cantrell, T. Astatkie, and M. W. Ebelhar. 2010b. Pepper¬mint productivity and oil composition as a function of nitrogen, growth stage, and harvest time. Agron. J. 102: 124-12.
摘要: 
薄荷(Mentha spp.)為唇形花科(Lamiaceae)薄荷屬(Mentha)多年生宿根性芳香草本植物,是世界上重要的精油原料,亦有醫療用途。本試驗收集台灣各地之薄荷種原加以栽培繁殖,經22項農藝性狀檢定,收集之物種有綠薄荷(M. spicata)、水薄荷(M. aqutica)、亞洲薄荷(M. arvensis)、長葉薄荷(M. suaveolens)、鳳梨薄荷(M. longifolia)、土薄荷(M. canadensis)、蘇格蘭薄荷(M. ×gracilis)、胡椒薄荷(M. ×piperita)、茱莉亞甜薄荷(M. ×rotundifolia)、普列薄荷(M. pulegium)、科西嘉薄荷(M. requnii)等 11 個物種,15 個品種,薄荷屬四組(section)中包含了 Sect. Mentha 及 Sect. Pulegium。經農藝性狀調查,集群分析的結果分成2群,其中1群屬於Sect. Mentha,1群屬於Sect. Pulegium。選出產量較佳的物種(中國薄荷、茱莉亞甜薄荷、越南薄荷及土薄荷)進行肥料試驗,設 N-P-K = 270 / 360 / 450 / 540-150-180 kg / ha,其中N 360 kg / ha為現行推薦用量,收穫三次,結果發現 N 450 kg / ha的處理使薄荷鮮重產量稍有提升,但精油產量仍以N 360 kg / ha的處理為最多;而四物種的單位面積產量差異為中國薄荷最高,次為茱莉亞甜薄荷,次為土薄荷,越南薄荷最低;油量差異為茱莉亞甜薄荷最高,次為越南薄荷,次為土薄荷,中國薄荷最低。最後本試驗將薄荷株高、節數、分枝數、葉長、葉寬、葉柄長、單株重和精油含量等 8 項與產量相關的性狀加以分析,發現株高、葉柄長及精油含量有較高的 CV 值,而節數、分枝數、葉長、葉寬和單株重之 CV 值皆較低且相近。在相同栽培環境下,株高、葉柄長及精油含量在種原內有較大的變異性;而節數、分枝數、葉長、葉寬和單株重變異較小。相關分析顯示精油含量與葉長、葉柄長等呈極顯著正相關,而與株高、分枝數、葉寬及單株重成顯著正相關。

Mint (Mentha spp.), which belongs to Lamiaceae, is a perennial aromatic herbs, it is not only the most important raw material for essential oils on the world but also have many medical uses. This research collected many mint germplasm throughout Taiwan, planted and cultivated. After agronomic characteristic investigation, we found that there are species of spearmint (M. spicata), water mint (M. aqutica), Asian mint (M. arvensis), Applemint ( M. suaveolens), pineapple mint (M. longifolia), field mint (M. canadensis), Scottish mint (M. ×gracilis), peppermint (M. ×piperita), Julia's sweet peppermint (M. ×rotundifolia) , Pennyroyal mint (M. pulegium), Corsican mint (M. requnii), and so on, including 12 species and 15 varieties. The genus Mentha has four section (taxonomy), our mint collection belongs to two section (Sect. Mentha and Sect. Pulegium). Accordind to cluster analysis, collection were divided into two groups, 1 group of Sect. Mentha, 1 group of Sect. Pulegium. 4 species (Chinese mint, Julia sweet mint, Vietnamese mint, mint and earth), which has better productivity, was selected for fertilizer experiments in the field. Treatment: NPK = 270/360/450/540-150-180 kg / ha, which N 360 kg / ha is the recommended dosage, harvest 3 times. As the result we found that N 450 kg / ha treatment may did the fresh weight slightly improved, but essential oil production is the best at N 360 kg / ha; and fresh weight per unit area of four species was: Chinese mint> Julia's sweet mint> field mint > Vietnamese mint, essential oil content rate: Julia Sweet> Vietnam mint> soil mint> Chinese mint. Finally, we study on the relationships of Mint's plant height, number of nods, number of branches, leaf length, leaf width, petiole length, plant weight and essential oil content rate, and found that plant height, petiole length and essential oil content have a higher CV value, and the CV values of number of nods, branches, leaf length, leaf width and plant weight are low and similar. In the same cultivation conditions, plant height, petiole length and oil content between the species were variate, probably affected by inheritance most; number of nods, branches, leaf length, leaf width and plant weight had smaller variation, may vulnerable to environmental factors. Correlation analysis showed that agronomic traits like oil content and plant height, number of branches, leaf length, leaf width, petiole length and plant weight were significant and positive correlated.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36771
其他識別: U0005-1008201100315000
Appears in Collections:農藝學系

Show full item record
 
TAIR Related Article

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.