Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36807
標題: 夜間照光對水稻產量及品質的影響
Effect of all night lighting on the yield and quality of rice
作者: 黃卯昌
HUANG, MAO CHANG
關鍵字: rice;水稻;lighting;yield;quality;照光;產量;品質
出版社: 農藝學系所
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摘要: 
為了要瞭解夜間連續照光是否影響水稻產量及品質,以台農71號為材料,在國道三號208.5公里處農田進行二年四期作田間試驗,除了調查產量、產量構成要素及農藝性狀外,並測定稻米品質,包括碾米品質、米粒外觀及化學成分。其結果摘要如下:
1、 夜間連續照光可以降低水稻產量,一期作降低約20%左右,二期作5%左右,期作間差異表現相當明顯。
2、 產量減少主要是每叢穗數減少,稔實率減少;千粒重影響不大,但每穗粒數卻有增加。
3、 夜間連續照光植株高度及穗長明顯增加。
4、 夜間連續照光最大影響為延長生育日數,一期作延長14天,二期作延長23天,主要為延長插秧至抽穗期間。
5、 夜間連續照光亦可影響米質,主要降低完整米率及白米率,增加米糠率。對米粒外觀、化學成分及直鏈澱粉含量影響不大,惟略可增加米粒氮含量。
6、 夜間連續照光距離光源愈近,光度愈強,植株高度愈高,產量減少愈大,生育日數延緩愈長,完整米率影響也愈大,對米粒外觀及化學成分並沒有明顯影響。
如果農民必須沿著高速公路附近種植水稻,建議選擇種植不受光期影響或受光期影響較小的水稻品種。或者種植水稻以外之長日性作物。

The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of all night lighting on yield and quality of rice. Two years four cropping field experiments had been conducted at Wu Feng located at 208.5 km Taiwan No.3 high way.The yield, agronomic traits of plant were investigated, the rice quality, including milling quality, and chemical compositions were assayed at harvest.
The results were summarized as follow:
1. All night lighting reduced yield about 20% in the first cropping season and about 5% in the second cropping season.
2. The yield reduction mainly due to decreasing in panicle number per hill, and fertility.
3. Plant height and panicle length were increased under all night light treatment.
4. The most significant response of plant to all night light treatment was delayed growth period, particulary from transplanting to flowering stage, therefore the flowering and harvesting time of plant were delayed under all night lighting.
5. All night lighting treatment also affected rice quality, however, the effects were less than that of yield. milling quality was reduced under all night light treatment, white rice percentage was significantly decreased as compared with control, appearance, chemical composition, amylose content of grain were not affected.
6. Yield was reduction with night light intensity, more light intensity more yield reduction, similar observation was obtained in growth period delayed. under different all night intensity lighting treatment.
It was suggested that farmer could select or grow non-sensitive photoperiod variety of rice or less-sensitive variety along the free high way. Otherwise, long-day crop could be instead of rice plant in this growing area.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36807
其他識別: U0005-2007200617103900
Appears in Collections:農藝學系

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