Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36902
標題: 節水栽培對水稻生育及產量之影響
Effect of water-saving irrigation on rice growth and yield
作者: 謝嘉如
Hsieh, Chia-Ju
關鍵字: water-saving irrigation;節水栽培;rice;yield;水稻;產量
出版社: 農藝學系所
引用: 金紹興。1998。台灣水資源永續發展。科學農業 46(1,2):15-27。 洪東嶽。1998。台灣農民灌溉組織之演變。科學農業 46(1,2):34- 45。 莊光明、甘俊二。1995。灌溉節水技術手冊。農委會水利特刊第八 號。 陳清田、邱ㄧ盛、劉景平。1997。節水灌溉對水稻生產生態影響之研 究(II)。國立嘉義大學。嘉義。 楊純明。2007。全球暖化之水稻節水栽培技術與策略。In:全球暖化 對台灣稻米產業之影響研討會專刊 pp. 83-102。 經濟部水利署。2006。http://www.wra.gov.tw/default.asp。 蔣汝國、黃小珍。2004。直播及節水栽培對水稻用水量及產量之影 響。台南區農業專訊 50:13-16。 劉景平、陳清田、盧榮祥。1996。節水灌溉對水稻生產生態影響之先 期研究。國立嘉義大學。嘉義。 鄭俊澤、張煜權、李國隆。1996。超量灌溉對環境影響之研究。中國 農業工程學會。高雄。 Atlin, G. N. and H. R. Lafitte. 2002. Developing and testing rice varieties for water-saving systems in the tropics. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp.275- 283. Belder, P., B. A. M. Bouman, J. H. J. Spiertz, L. Guoan, and E. J. P. Quilang. 2002. Water use of alternately submerged and nonsubmerged irrigated lowland rice. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp.51-61. Belder, P., B. A. M. Bouman, R. Cabangon, G. Lu, E. J. P. Quilang, Y. Li, J. H. J. Spiertz, and T. P. Tuong. 2004. Effect of water-saving irrigation on rice yield and water use in typical lowland conditions in Asia. Agric. Water Manage. 65:193-210. Borrell, A., A. Garside, and S. Fukai. 1997. Improving efficiency of water use for irrigated rice in a semi- arid tropical environment. Field Crops Res. 52:231-248. Bouman, B. A. M. and T. P. Tuong. 2001. Field water management to save water and increase its productivity in irrigated lowland rice. Agric. Water Manage. 49:11- 30. Bouman, B. A. M., X. Yang, H. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Zhao, C. Wang, and B. Cheng . 2002. Aerobic rice (Han Dao): a new way of growing rice in water-short areas. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Soil Conservation Organization Conference, Beijing, China. Tsinghua University Press. pp. 175-181. Bouman, B. A. M., S. Peng, A. R. Castaneda, and R. M. Visperas. 2005. Yield and water use of irrigated tropical aerobic rice systems. Agric. Water Manage. 74:87-105. Bouman, B. A. M., L. Feng, T. P. Tuong, G. Lu, H. Wang, and Y. Feng. 2007. Exploring options to grow rice using less water in northern China using a modeling approach II. Quantifying yield, water balance components, and water productivity. Agric. Water Manage. 88:23-33. Cabangon, R. J., T. P. Tuong, E. G. Castillo, L. X. Bao, G. Lu, G. Wang, Y.Cui, B. A. M. Bouman, Y. Li, C. Chen, and J. Wang. 2004. Effect of irrigation method and N- fertilizer management on rice yield, water productivity and nutrient-use efficiencies in typical lowland rice conditions in China. Paddy Water Environ. 2:195-206. Cai, X. and M. W. Rosegrant. 2003. World water productivity: current situation and future options. In: Water productivity in agriculture: limits and opportunities for improvement. Cambridge, USA. pp. 163- 178. Castaneda, A. R., B. A. M. Bouman, S. Peng, and R. M. Visperas. 2002. The potential of aerobic rice to reduce water use in water-scarce irrigated lowlands in the tropics. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 165- 176. Chang, Y. C., C. E. Kan, G. F. Lin, C. L. Chiu, and Y. C. Lee. 2001. Potential benefits of increased application of water to paddy fields in Taiwan. Hydrol. Proc. 15:1515-1524. Cheng, W., G. Zhang, G. Zhao, H. Yao, and H. Xu. 2003. Variation in rice quality of different cultivars and grain positions as affected by water management. Field Crops Res. 80:245-252. Dawe, D. 2005. Increasing water productivity in rice-based systems in Asia-past trends, current problems, and future prospects. Plant Prod. Sci. 8:221-230. Dong, B., D. Molden, R. Loeve, Y. H. Li, and C. D. Chen. 2004. Farm level practices and water productivity in Zhanghe Irrigation System. Paddy Water Environ. 2:217- 226. English, M. 2002. Irrigation Advisory Services for Optimum Use of Limited Water. In: Irrigation advisory services and participatory extension in irrigation management. Montreal, Canada. FAO-ICID. pp. 2-16. Gani, A., A. Rahman, Dahono, Rustam, and H. Hengsdijk. 2002. Synopsis of water management experiments in Indonesia. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 29- 38. Hafeez, M. M., B.A.M. Bouman, N. Van de Giesen, and P. Vlek. 2007. Scale effects on water use and water productivity in a rice-based irrigation system (UPRIIS) in the Philippines. Agric. Water Manage. 92:81-89. Jones, H. G. 2004. Irrigation scheduling: advantages and pitfalls of plant-based methods. J. Exp. Bot. 55:2427- 2436. Lin, S., K. Dittert, H. Tao, C. Kreye, Y. Xu, Q. Shen, X. Fan, and B. Sattelmacher. 2002. The ground-cover rice production system (GCRPS): a successful new approach to save water and increase nitrogen fertilizer efficiency? In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 187-195. Loeve, R., B. Dong, and D. Molden. 2002. Field-level water savings in the Zhanghe Irrigation System and the impact at the system level. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 287-305. Lu, J., T. Ookawa, and T. Hirasawa. 2000. The effects of irrigation regimes on the water use, dry matter production and physiological responses of paddy rice. Plant Soil 223:207-216. Nieuwenhuis, J., B. A. M. Bouman, and A. Castaneda. 2002. Crop-water responses of aerobically grown rice: preliminary results of pot experiments. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 177-185. Peng, S. B., B. Bouman, R. M. Visperas, A. Castaneda, L. Nie, and H. K. Park. 2006. Comparison between aerobic and flooded rice in the tropics: Agronomic performance in an eight-season experiment. Field Crops Res. 96:252- 259. Qadir, M., T. M. Boers, S. Schubert, A. Ghafoor, G. Murtaza. 2003. Agricultural water management in water- starved countries: challenges and opportunities. Agric. Water Manage. 62:165-185. Roel, A., J. L. Heilman, G. N. McCauley. 1999. Water use and plant response in two rice irrigation methods. Agric. Water Manage. 39:35-46. Shi, Q., X. Zeng, M. Li, X. Tan, and F. Xu. 2002. Effects of different water management practices on rice growth. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 3-13. Singh, A. K., B. U. Choudhury, and B. A. M. Bouman. 2002. Effects of rice establishment methods on crop performance, water use, and mineral nitrogen. In: Water- wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 237-246. Straeten, D. V. D., Z. Zhou, E. Prinsen, H. A. V. Onckelen, and M. C. V. Montagu. 2001. A comparative molecular- physiological study of submergence response in lowland and deepwater rice. Plant Physiol. 125:955-968. Tuong, P., B. A. M. Bouman, and M. Mortimer. 2005. More rice, less water-integrated approaches for increasing water productivity in irrigated rice-based systems in Asia. Plant Prod. Sci. 8:231-241. Uphoff, N. and R. Randriamiharisoa. 2002. Reducing water use in irrigated rice production with the Madagascar System of Rice Intensification (SRI). In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 71-87. Wang, H., B. A. M. Bouman, D. Zhao, C. Wang, and P. F. Moya. 2002. Aerobic rice in northern China: opportunities and challenges. In: Water-wise rice production. IRRI. pp. 143-154. Zhao, D. L., G. N. Atlin, L. Bastiaans, and J. H. J. Spiertz. 2006. Cultivar weed-competitiveness in aerobic rice: heritability, correlated traits, and the potential for indirect selection in weed-free environments. Crop Sci. 46:372-380.
摘要: 
台灣傳統水稻栽培為湛水栽培,全生育期需水量相當大,高於其他榖類作物二至三倍,佔水資源利用相當大的比例。在水資源缺乏逐漸嚴重的情況下,需發展用水量較少的節水栽培技術,以減少灌溉用水量,提供農田水利管理單位作為水資源規劃之參考依據,使得水資源減少時,仍可用較少的水進行水稻栽培。本試驗時間從2007年2月至2008年7月共栽種三期作,試驗包含三種水分處理與七個品種,各別為湛水栽培、節水栽培、看天栽培與台稉4號、台稉9號、Budda、Doddi、台農選1號、台東育46號、南陸1號,調查其生長情形、穀粒產量、產量構成要素與水分生產力,並進行統計分析。分析結果得知水分處理、品種與期作間在田間出土率、幼苗株高、50%抽穗日數、每公尺穗數、每穗粒數、稔實率、千粒重、穗長、水分生產力與穀粒產量均具有顯著的差異,且各性狀的水分處理、品種與期作間具有顯著的交感作用。當有供水灌溉時,可使植物生長情形較良好及有較高的產量。品種間各項性狀具有顯著的差異,其中以南陸1號及台農選1號的抽穗期較早,使得各性狀皆表現較佳,因此在節水栽培下為穀粒產量較高的品種,其可適應較少供水量的栽培,故節水栽培可選擇這兩品種進行栽培。

Traditional transplanted rice with continuous standing water in Taiwan has relatively high water inputs. Because of increasing water scarcity, there is a need to develop alternative systems that require less water. Water-saving irrigation techniques is a new concept of growing rice, however, run the risk of yield reduction because of possible drought-stress effects on the crop. This study analyzes the ways in which water-saving irrigation can help to meet agricultural water resource shortage at the field level. A 3-cropping season field study from February 2007 to July 2008 determined the effects of flooding, water-saving, and rain-fed culture on the growth, grain yield, yield components, and water productivity of cultivars Taikeng 4, Taikeng 9, Budda, Doddi, Tainung Selection 1, Taitong Yu 46, and Nan Lui 1. Analysis of variances indicated that irrigation, cultivar, and cropping season had significant (P<0.01) effects on field emergence, seedling height, 50% heading days, panicle number per meter, spikelet number per panicle, grain-filling, 1000-grain weight, panicle length, water input, water productivity, and grain yield. There were also significant (P<0.01) in two factor interactions except for irrigation
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36902
其他識別: U0005-2108200819212600
Appears in Collections:農藝學系

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.