Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36950
標題: 台灣地區貫葉連翹種子生產與周年栽培生產之研究
Seed production and year-round cultivation of Hypericum perforatum growth in Taiwan
作者: 蔡允真
Tsai, Yuen-Jen
關鍵字: year-round cultivation;貫葉連翹;周年栽培
出版社: 農藝學系所
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摘要: 
貫葉連翹(Hypericum perforatum L.)為多年生草本植物,主要可用於處理燒傷、擦傷、腫脹發炎、焦慮及治療輕或中度憂鬱。前引種至台灣栽植,周年只有營養生長不會開花結種子,另外在亞熱帶
台灣地區的栽培適應性及對成份的影響皆沒有研究資料,因此本試驗擬以不同光期處理,調查誘導貫葉連翹開花的臨界日長及對種子生產的影響,另外以周年栽培試驗,釐清貫葉連翹在台灣地區適宜的栽植期與收穫期,探討不同栽植、收穫期對貫葉連翹活性成分及生產的影響,以作為台灣地區栽培生長貫葉連翹的依據。
試驗結果顯示,不同的栽植期與收穫期不但影響貫葉連翹的乾、鮮重,亦影響貫葉連翹hypericin, pseudohypericin及hyperforin含量。周年栽培試驗顯示,冬季至春季為台中地區栽植貫葉連翹較適合的季節,不但產量較高,宿根成活及生長亦較好。二月份種植貫葉連翹,以150天為採收期,可得到較高的產量及活性成分產量。利用不同光期誘導開花的結果顯示,光期在16小時以上才可以有效誘導花芽形成,其臨界日長為16小時。台中地區栽植的貫葉連翹以光照17、19小時或暗中斷處理,可以有效誘導開花,產生正常的種子以作為繁殖用。

St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) has long been used in herbal medicine for the treatment of burns, bruises, swelling, anxiety, and most recently, mild to moderate depression. Previous introductive trials have shown that St. John's wort could not produce seed through its life cycle grown in Taiwan. Moreover, information regarding the effects of the growing climate on its bioactive compounds and biomass production is very limited. The current study evaluated the effects of different photoperiod on floral induction and seed production. Biomass of field-grown St. John's wort planted at different crop seasons and harvested at different times was compared. The content of hypericin, pseudohypericin, and hyperforin and the production of bioactive compounds of aerial plant parts were also investigated. The results indicated that both biomass and concentration of bioactive compounds varied considerably among crop seasons and harvested times. St. John's wort planted between winter and spring in Taichung area can produce more shoot biomass, higher ratooning ability and ratoon production than any other seasons. Maximum dry matter and bioactive compounds production will be reached at 150 days after transplanting on February. The induction of flowering showed that plants formed flower buds and flowered in photoperiods of 16-20 h and light break one hour in the middle of dark phase but not with 14 h or shorter. The critical day length is 16 h. The results showed that extending light period to 17, 19 h or light break treatments can induce normal flowering and produce normal seeds of St. John's wort grown in Taiwan.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/36950
其他識別: U0005-2108200908254500
Appears in Collections:農藝學系

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