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標題: 以商用紙質電木板合成奈米碳材
Synthesis of nanostructured carbon materials using commercial paper phenolic board
作者: 施博淵
Shih, Po-Yuan
關鍵字: carbon nanofiber;奈米碳纖維;carbon nanosheet;奈米碳膜
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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由於日本學者Sumio Iijima發現奈米碳管,全球也隨之興起研究奈米碳管的風潮。因為奈米碳纖維的特性與奈米碳管相似,低迷許久的碳纖維領域也跟著重新蓬勃發展。本實驗為了節省設備成本和環保問題,希望利用回收的電木板來製備奈米碳材,因此我們先試用市售的感光電木板和黃光微影製程,製備出可通電加熱產生奈米碳材的樣品,且實驗是在大氣中進行,不需要真空環境。所合成的奈米碳材分為兩種,一種為筆直的奈米碳纖維,另一種是二維的奈米碳膜。

A commercially available copper clad laminate (CCL) was used to synthesize the nanostructured carbon materials. Nanostructured carbon material included two types; one is carbon nanofiber (CNF) and the other is carbon nanosheet (CNS). The CCL is composed of an upper copper (Cu) layer and a bottom paper phenolic (PP) board. Using lithography and lift-off techniques, the Cu layer was patterned to a stripe-like Cu trace. By passing an electric current through the Cu trace, the Cu trace was heated due to Joule heating, and nanostructured carbon materials were formed on the PP board. Since the primary constituent of the PP board is phenol formaldehyde resin, the CNFs and CNSs are considered to be synthesized by the pyrolysis of phenol formaldehyde. At a location close to the Cu trace, the CNSs grew dominantly and they were constructed by lots of entwined filamentary carbon nanofibers. At a distant location from the Cu trace, the tubular CNFs became the primary product and their morphology is very straight. We also found that the nanostructured carbon materials can form on other substrate like Sn.
Besides, we report a method to synthesize a peculiar composite structure of CNFs growing on a micro-sized Sn whisker. A Sn thin film was evaporated on the polymer board near the Cu trace. To release the residue stress resulted from the evaporation, Sn whiskers with a diameter of about 2 to 5 micrometer were formed on the Sn thin film during the subsequent storage. By passing an electric current through the Cu trace, the Cu trace was heated due to Joule heating and served as a heating source for the pyrolysis of phenol formaldehyde. After heat treatment, the CNFs grew on the surface of the Sn whiskers with a tubular hollow-cored structure. The diameter of the tubular CNFs is about hundreds of nanometers and their length can reach several micrometers. The growth mechanism of the brush-like composite structure is also discussed.
其他識別: U0005-2307200812441300
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