Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3707
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dc.contributor廖建勛zh_TW
dc.contributorChien-Hsun Liaoen_US
dc.contributor吳宗明zh_TW
dc.contributorTsung- Ming Wuen_US
dc.contributor.advisor吳震裕zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorChen-Yu Wuen_US
dc.contributor.author林宗賢zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLin, Tsung-Hsienen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2009zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T05:32:32Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T05:32:32Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2508200815445000zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/3707-
dc.description.abstract本實驗以十八烷基胺 ( Stearylamine, SA ) 與3-甘油酸丙基三甲氧基矽烷 ( 3-Glycidyl oxypropyl trimethoxysilane, GPS ) 合成具有矽氧烷基的長鏈碳界面活性劑GS,並藉其在水相自組裝成微胞的特性,添加四乙氧基矽氧烷 ( TEOS ) 在微胞表面縮合成SiO2殼層。探討TEOS含量對形成的有機無機殼核微粒型態和物理性質影響,並分析以鍛燒方式得到之中空二氧化矽微粒及其孔洞形貌。以FESEM分析其形貌,GS/TEOS所製備的二氧化矽可形成球形微粒且隨著TEOS添加量增加粒徑有上升的趨勢,添加5-10倍TEOS ( TEOS/GS重量比 ) 時二氧化矽粒徑由9.1 nm 上升至12.2nm,而AFM分析粒徑由9.6 nm上升至11.9 nm;TEM分析粒徑由11.8 nm上升至13.5 nm。親水/親油性質測試發現添加3倍TEOS二氧化矽微粒表面為親油性質,而添加5-10倍TEOS時二氧化矽微粒表面呈現親水性質。NMR分析顯示添加3-10倍TEOS時Q/T比值由4.63增加到20.23,表示微粒中SiO2含量隨著TEOS添加量增加而上升。而TGA分析GS/TEOS製備二氧化矽微粒有機/無機含量比,其SiO2含量與TEOS添加量成正比。BET分析GS/TEOS製備二氧化矽微粒表面積,添加5-10倍TEOS時BET表面積則由221.1 m2/g上升至409.2 m2/g,表示TEOS含量增加可使二氧化矽微粒表面積上升。經由鍛燒去除有機鏈段得到中孔洞的二氧化矽微粒,表面積因有機鏈段去除產生新孔洞而明顯上升,孔洞大小為1.9 nm至2.6 nm。其中添加5倍TEOS之BET表面積為可達到765.6 m2/g。經計算後添加5-10倍TEOS ( TEOS/GS重量比 ) 後可得到SiO2殼層厚度為2.43 nm –3.19 nm。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIn this experiment, we used stearylamine (SA) and 3-glycidyloxypropyl- trimethoxysilane (GPS) to synthesize the surfactant, GS, bearing long alkyl chain of silane and we used its property of self-assembling in water phase to synthesize SiO2 shells on the surface of micelles via adding tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS). We investigated how the content of TEOS affects the forms and the physical properties of obtained organic/inorganic core-shell structure. Further, we analyzed the appearance of the hollow SiO2 nano-particles made by calcination and its pore shape. By analyzing with FESEM, we found that the SiO2 produced by GS/TEOS could form spherical particles, and the size of the particles increase with the increase of TEOS. When the added TEOS is 5-10 times the weight of GS, the size of SiO2 particles increases from 9.1 nm to 12.2 nm. Further, the size of SiO2 particles increased from 9.6 nm to 11.9 nm in AFM and increased from 11.8 nm to 13.5 nm in TEM. In testing hydrophobic/hydrophilic properties, we find that the surface of SiO2 particles is hydrophobic while the the added TEOS is 3 times the weight of GS. When the added TEOS is 5-10 times the weight of GS, we observed that the SiO2 particles exhibit hydrophilic property. In NMR analysis, when the amout of TEOS was 3-10 times the weight of GS, the Q/T value increased from 4.63 to 20.23. That revealed the content of SiO2 enhanced with the increase of TEOS. In TGA analysis, after analyzing the content of organic/inorganic of the SiO2 particles produced by GS/TEOS, the additive of TEOS increase along with the the content of SiO2. In BET analysis, by analyzing the surface area of SiO2 particles produced by GS/TEOS, we know that the BET surface area increased from 221.1 m2/g to 409.2 m2/g when the added TEOS is 5-10 times the weight of GS. This means that the increase of the amount of TEOS could result in the increase of the surface of SiO2 particles. After removing the organic chains in the particles by calcination and we obtained mesoporous SiO2 particles, which are from 1.9 nm to 2.6 nm pore, and the BET surface area can reach to 765.6 m2/g when the added TEOS is 5 times that of the weight of GS, Combined with the theoretical calculations, when the added TEOS is 5-10 times the weight of GS, we observed that the thickness of the SiO2 shells varies from 2.43 nm to 3.19 nm.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents謝誌……………………………………i 中文摘要……………………………………ii 英文摘要……………………………………iii 目錄……………………………………iv 表目錄……………………………………vi 圖目錄……………………………………viii 一、緒論……………………………………1 1.1前言……………………………………1 1.2多孔性材料介紹……………………………………1 1.3界面活性劑介紹……………………………………3 1.4微胞形成現象……………………………………4 1.5研究動機與目的……………………………………6 二、文獻回顧……………………………………7 2.1溶凝膠法製備二氧化矽相關文獻……………………………………7 2.2界面活性劑自組裝相關文獻……………………………………10 2.3有機矽烷製備二氧化矽相關文獻……………………………………12 三、實驗……………………………………17 3.1實驗項目……………………………………17 3.2實驗材料……………………………………18 3.3研究架構與實驗流程……………………………………20 3.4實驗儀器……………………………………23 3.5實驗步驟……………………………………24 四、結果與討論……………………………………27 4.1、有機矽烷之製備……………………………………………………27 4.2、有機矽烷之分析………………………………27 4.2.1有機矽烷傅立葉轉換紅外光譜分析……………………………27 4.2.2有機矽烷臨界微胞濃度測定……………………………………28 4.3、有機矽烷之奈米多孔二氧化矽微粒製備…………………………29 4.4、有機矽烷之奈米多孔二氧化矽微粒分析……………………………31 4.4.1 Zeta電位分析………………………………31 4.4.2 光散射粒徑分析……………………………………32 4.4.3 表面型態分析 (FESEM、AFM、TEM)………………32 4.4.4 親水/親油性質測試………………………………………34 4.4.5 29Si核磁共振分析 (29Si-NMR)……………………35 4.4.6 能量散佈光譜分析 (EDS) ……………………………37 4.4.7 無機含量分析 (TGA)……………………………………37 4.4.8 BET比表面積與孔洞分析…………………………38 五、結論……………………………………42 六、參考文獻………………………………………………………………44 附錄一、樣品代號說明…………………………………………94 附錄二29Si NMR Q/T比值計算…………………………………………95zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher化學工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2508200815445000en_US
dc.subjectporous silicaen_US
dc.subject多孔二氧化矽zh_TW
dc.title奈米多孔二氧化矽微粒製備與鑑定zh_TW
dc.titlePreparation and Characterization of Nano Porous Silica Particlesen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
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