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標題: 稉稻TNG67突變體對伏寄普耐性機制之研究
Tolerance mechanism of Japonica-type rice TNG67 mutant against fluazifop-P-butyl
作者: 楊依凡
Yang, Yi-Fan
關鍵字: 吸收;fluazifop-P-butyl;轉運;代謝;乙醯輔酶A羧化酵素;uptake;translocation;metabolism;ACCase
出版社: 農藝學系所
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伏寄普(fluazifop-P-butyl)為乙醯輔酶A羧化酵素(acetyl-CoA carboxylase, ACCase; EC 6. 4. 1. 2)抑制型之選擇性禾草類除草劑(graminicides),可有效防除禾本科雜草。主由葉片吸收,經韌皮部轉移至生長點,抑制分生組織之生長。本研究目的為確認稉稻TNG67經NaN3誘變之突變體對伏寄普耐感性之差異,進一步探討其耐性機制。第一階段主要為建立水稻篩選系統,分別針對種子發芽、胚芽鞘伸長、胚根伸長及四葉期幼苗等發育時期處理不同濃度之伏寄普,劑量反應分析結果發現以幼苗期之胚根伸長對伏寄普反應最為敏感,可作為初期篩選指標。第二階段將215個稉稻突變體(M11),利用四葉期幼苗為材料經伏寄普葉面噴施後,根據傷害指數選出較具耐性之2個突變體品系SA436(T)、SA481(T)及具感性突變體品系SA495(S)、SA505(S)。進一步以耐、感性品系分蘗期葉綠素螢光分析及葉片片段傷害指數調查,篩選出耐性突變品系SA481(T)和感性SA495(S)。最後針對兩個突變品系進行除草劑之吸收、轉運、代謝及目標酵素ACCase作用之分析,發現耐、感性水稻突變品系在吸收、轉運及代謝方面皆無顯著差異,而突變品系體內ACCase比活性(specific activity) 分析受伏寄普影響之I50,兩者間雖然無明顯差異,但可發現SA481(T)略高於SA495(S),耐性指數為1.87,推測ACCase對伏寄普之耐性可能為水稻突變體耐性差異之原因。
其他識別: U0005-3007201220093000
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