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標題: 一氧化氮對水稻幼苗根鎘逆境之影響
Effect of nitric oxide on the cadmium toxicity in rice seedling roots
作者: 葉佳佳
葉佳佳, Jia-Jia Ye
關鍵字: 水稻;rice:root:nitric:oxide:cadmium;根部;一氧化氮;鎘
出版社: 農藝學系所
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本論文係以台中在來一號 (Oryza sativa L. cv. Taichung Native 1, TN1) 水稻幼苗為試驗材料,擬探討一氧化氮對水稻幼苗根部受氯化鎘毒害之影響。鎘明顯抑制水稻株高、根長、鮮重以及乾重,且地上部和地下部鎘累積也明顯增加;而近年來的研究發現一氧化氮 (nitric oxide, NO)可在植物生理反應參與作用,包括植物抵抗逆境。試驗裡以6小時10 μM sodium nitroprusside (SNP)前處理可減緩Cd造成的根部生長、鮮重和乾重之抑制,以及鎘造成的氧化逆境發生,從MDA (malonaldehyde)和H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide)含量可更清楚得知NO可降低鎘對水稻根部所產生的氧化逆境;並測定抗氧化酵素活性,結果顯示在6小時SNP處理明顯使根部SOD和POD活性下降但CAT活性明顯上升;但SNP前處理並不會降低水稻幼苗鎘含量累積,反而有增加之現象。顯示NO主要藉由影響抗氧化酵素來減緩水稻幼苗受鎘產生之氧化逆境,並非降低水稻鎘吸收,而是增加抗氧化能力,可恢復水稻幼苗生長。

In this thesis, rice (Oryza sativa L., cv. Taichung Native 1, TN1) seedlings were used to investigate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the toxicity of roots caused by cadmium. Cadmium treatment significantly inhibited plant height, root length, fresh weight and dry weight, as well as cadmium content in cadmium-treated shoots and roots increased with prolonged duration of incubation. In plants, NO is involved in many physiological responses, such as defense response to biotic and abiotic stress. In this study, 10μM SNP (NO donor) pretreatment significantly recovers cadmium inhibited root length, fresh weight and dry weight of rice root, and decrease oxidative stress induced by cadmium. It is clearly that NO decreased malonaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide content of rice roots induced by cadmium. SNP-treated roots decreased with SOD and POD activity, but increased with CAT activity. However, SNP pretreatment is not decreased in cadmium content, it is increasing. It is demonstrate that SNP-pretreated caused antioxidative enzymes activity decrease in cadmium toxicity and recover rice seedlings growth, as well as not uptake cadmium content.
其他識別: U0005-2508201214490100
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