Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3730
標題: 二氧化錳於電容性質之應用與研究
The Study and Applications of the manganese dioxides for Capacitive Properties
作者: 黃筱青
Huang, Hsiao-Chin
關鍵字: Manganese dioxide;二氧化錳;Raman spectroscopy;electrochemical capacitor;cyclic voltammetry;拉曼光譜;電化學電容器;循環伏安法
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 
本研究分別製備了非晶型和孔道形式之二氧化錳奈米結構材料,這些不同型態之氧化錳結構分別為奈米粒子、奈米棒、奈米線、奈米纖維和繡球花狀。α-MnO2合成是由過錳酸鉀與硫酸錳所獲得二氧化錳粉體於硫酸溶液中而後再經水熱法製備;β和γ-MnO2合成是由過硫酸銨和硫酸錳之水熱法合成;δ-MnO2合成是由過錳酸鉀水溶液中利用鹽酸還原法製備。非晶型之二氧化錳是化學共沉澱法合成。此外,製備這些不同型態之二氧化錳控制參數中其反應溫度、反應物濃度和溶液中的酸度都是極為重要的。不同型態之二氧化錳以TEM、SEM、XRD、BET對其做特性分析,並運用拉曼(Raman)光譜對奈米級金屬二氧化錳觸媒做結構振動分析,以瞭解金屬二氧化錳之動態變化。
由於二氧化錳具有優良的擬電容特性,可應用於電化學電容器。本實驗使用先前製備二氧化錳奈米微粒並混合碳黑製作複合電極。顯示不同結構與表面型態之氧化錳電極,會影響其電容特性。主要以提高金屬氧化物之比表面積,達到增加電容之可能性。非晶型二氧化錳具有較高的比表面積約326m2/g,在0.5M硫酸鈉電解液中使用循環伏安法進行電化學特性分析,亦發現非晶型二氧化錳電極擁有最佳的比電容值,最大比電容值可達約314F/g。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3730
其他識別: U0005-1008200917420200
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