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標題: 固定十八烷基四級銨之陽離子交換薄膜於酚類固相萃取之應用
Solid phase extraction of phenolic compounds with trimethylstearylammonium-immobilized cation exchange membranes
作者: 王天佑
Wang, Tien-Yu
關鍵字: cation exchange membrane;陽離子交換薄膜;surfactant;phenolic compounds;solid phase extraction;界面活性劑;酚類化合物;固相萃取
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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本研究使用十八烷基四級銨陽離子型界面活性劑,固定於兩種強陽離子交換薄膜(P及S)上,將離子型薄膜改質成疏水性薄膜,應用於酚類化合物的固相萃取上。由元素分析(EA)的結果顯示:前處理方法上使十八烷基四級銨的對立離子Cl-置換成OH-(或者OCH3-)能夠有效提升十八烷基四級銨的固定率。此外在固定溶液體積為20 mL下改變不同界面活性劑(C18-OH或C18-OCH3)之進料莫耳數分別為150 μmol、2000 μmol、5000 μmol,其界面活性劑的固定百分比(界面活性劑固定量除以薄膜離子交換含量)分別為< 100 %、= 100 %,以及> 100 %的固定率。在phenol,4-nitrophenol,4-chloro-3-methylphenol以及bisphenol A疏水性探討中:bisphenol A(log Kow = 3.32) > 4-chloro-3-methylphenol(log Kow = 3.10) > 4-nitrophenol(log Kow = 1.90) > phenol(log Kow = 1.50);而在界面活性劑固定率為100 %的薄膜上,對不同進料濃度的酚類吸附結果證明吸附如同疏水性強弱一樣為:bisphenol A > 4-chloro-3-methylphenol > 4-nitrophenol > phenol,證明酚類化合物是藉由疏水作用力(凡得瓦爾力)吸附在薄膜上。此外,固相萃取實驗則使用100 mL的1ppm之bisphenol A作為進料,探討改質後薄膜對其之吸附率,並以異丙醇進行脫附實驗,可達到全部脫附,且具有濃縮之效果。

In this study, cationic octadecyltrimethylammonium surfactant was immobilized onto a strong cation exchange membrane (P and S membrane) to form a hydrophobic membrane for application in the solid phase extraction (SPE) of phenolic compounds. The results indicate that the surfactant counter ion OH- (or OCH3-) could greatly improve the surfactant immobilization performance. Through elemental analysis (EA), the resulted surfactant immobilization percentage (immobilized surfactant amount divided by membrane ion exchange capacity) was <100 % for the feed amount of 150 μmol of octadecyltrimethylammonium oxide (or methoxide), 100 % for 5000μmol, and >100 % for 2000μmol respectively. (V = 20 mL). Phenol, 4-nitrophenol, 4-chloro-3-methylphenol and bisphenol-A were the test analytes and their order of hydrophobicity is bisphenol A (log Kow = 3.32) > 4-chloro-3-methylphenol (log Kow = 3.10) > 4-nitrophenol (log Kow = 1.90) > phenol (log Kow = 1.50). The adsorption of different feed concentrations of phenolic compounds for the membranes with 100 % surfactant immobilization demonstrated an adsorption order of bisphenol A > 4-chloro-3-methylphenol > 4-nitrophenol > phenol, similar to their hydrophobic power. Further more, 100mL bisphenol A (of an initial concentration of 1ppm) was also applied in SPE. A concentrated bisphenol A which was fully recovered could be achieved in the SPE when isopropanol was used.
其他識別: U0005-1108200913204000
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